SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): May 1, 2019
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of
(Commission File Number)
Five American Lane, Greenwich, Connecticut 06831
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
o Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
o Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Item 7.01. Regulation FD Disclosure.
On May 1, 2019, XPO Logistics, Inc. (the Company) released a slide presentation expected to be used by the Company in connection with certain future investor presentations, together with a corresponding script. Copies of the script and slide presentation are attached as Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2, respectively, to this Current Report on Form 8-K.
The slide presentation and script should be read together and with the Companys filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2019.
The information furnished in this Item 7.01, including Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2, shall not be deemed filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that Section, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except to the extent that the registrant specifically incorporates any such information by reference.
Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
Dated May 1, 2019
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
/s/ Karlis P. Kirsis
Karlis P. Kirsis
Senior Vice President, Corporate Counsel
May 1, 2019
Presentation Script and Slides
The following script should be read in conjunction with the accompanying slide presentation, which contains, among other information, source data for certain information set forth in the script.
Thank you for joining us. Well start with an overview of XPO Logistics today our company, our technology and our value propositions for customers and investors. Well discuss our operations in depth. And well give you the details of our first quarter financial performance, and our 2019 financial targets.
XPO is a top ten global logistics company with over $17 billion of annual revenue, operating as a highly integrated network of people, technology and physical assets. We use our network to help our customers manage their goods most efficiently throughout their supply chains. We run our business under the single brand of XPO Logistics.
As context, we have two reporting segments: transportation and logistics. Approximately 65% of our revenue comes from transportation. The other 35% is logistics, which we sometimes refer to as supply chain or contract logistics.
Our markets are highly diversified. The more than 50,000 customers we serve span every major industry and touch every part of the economy. Our revenue derives from a mix of key verticals, such as retail and e-commerce, food and beverage, consumer packaged goods and industrial. About 59% of our revenue is generated in the United States, 13% comes from France and 12% from the United Kingdom. Of the balance, Spain is the next largest at 5% of revenue. In total, we operate in 32 countries with 1,540 locations and approximately 100,000 employees.
These are the key factors driving our growth and returns:
· Leading positions in fast-growing areas of transportation and logistics
· $1 trillion addressable opportunity, with less than 2% market share
· Differentiated through cutting-edge technology in every line of business
· Strong, multimodal presence in the e-commerce and omnichannel retail sectors
· Significant advantages of scale: operating leverage, purchasing power, cross-selling and capacity to innovate
· Ability to provide a broad range of integrated solutions to customers with complex supply chains
· Diverse talent base sharing best practices
· World-class operators who are also XPO shareholders
We created XPO to provide exceptional value for customers while generating meaningful returns for our shareholders. At the top of our value proposition is an intense customer service culture and highly engaged employees led by veteran operators in each business unit.
Our industry is large, growing and fragmented, with underpenetrated market sectors. There are secular trends in our favor, including the ongoing growth in e-commerce, just-in-time inventory management and consumer expectations of digital connectivity. We believe that our ability to provide retailers, manufacturers and other customers with integrated, end-to-end supply chain solutions gives us a significant competitive advantage.
In addition, many customers, particularly national or multinational companies, prefer to use large, multimodal service providers to manage more than one aspect of their supply chain. This is borne out by our own experience at year-end 2018, 90 of our top 100 customers were using at least two XPO service lines, and 55 of the 100 were using five or more of our services. Four years ago, these numbers were close to zero.
We have a two-pronged sales strategy: we earn a greater share of wallet with our existing customer base and we penetrate high-growth verticals where companies have a need for multiple XPO services.
Over the past three years, weve quadrupled the number of strategic account managers in North America, beefed up sales support, raised incentive compensation and invested in new training and analytics to drive cross-selling of our services. We also added over 200 sales associates and sales support personnel for our North American LTL organization, with about 75% of those hires coming in 2018. In Europe, we created a strategic account management team that deepened our European bench strength of senior-level sales talent in both transportation and logistics.
Our larger salesforce closed a record $3.8 billion of sales globally in 2018; we followed this with $1.1 billion of new business closed through March up 15% year-over-year, and a quarterly record. Our pipeline has surpassed $4 billion of active bids for the first time.
Our global sales organization is one example of our ongoing investments in long-term growth. Another is our national XPO Direct network that gives retail, e-commerce, omnichannel and manufacturing customers new ways to distribute their goods. XPO Direct warehouses serve as stockholding sites and cross-docks that can be utilized by multiple customers at the same time. Transportation needs are supported by our brokered, contracted and owned capacity. Were giving our customers a way to manage B2C and B2B fulfillment using our scale and capacity without the capital investment of adding distribution centers.
In essence, national customers rent our capacity for contract logistics, last mile, LTL, labor, technology, transportation and storage. They can position inventories fluidly across markets without taking on large fixed costs, while we use our existing assets and supplier relationships as growth levers. In 2018, we grew XPO Direct to over 90 facilities, giving the network critical mass. Now were onboarding a backlog of blue-chip customers.
Our most compelling competitive advantage is our combination of scale, density and technology that underpins our service range. XPO is:
· The second largest contract logistics provider worldwide, and the largest outsourced e-fulfillment provider in Europe
· A top three provider of less-than-truckload transportation in North America, and a leading LTL provider in Western Europe
· The second largest freight broker worldwide, with the largest owned road fleet in Europe
· The largest last mile logistics provider for heavy goods in North America
· The third largest provider of intermodal freight services in North America
· The largest manager of expedited shipments in North America by ground, air and our web-based technology for automated carrier procurement
· A global provider of managed transportation, including control tower solutions, managed expedite and dedicated capacity
· A global freight forwarder with an integrated network of ocean, air, ground and cross-border services
Our business model is asset-light overall, with assets accounting for just under a third of revenue. Our net capex for 2018 was 2.4% of revenue a notably lower percentage than our asset-intensive competitor groups of less-than truckload, truckload, parcel and rail carriers.
The assets we do own or lease are critical components of the customer services we provide:
· 805 contract logistics facilities
· 476 cross-docks
· Truck transportation assets of 16,000 tractors and 39,000 trailers
· Intermodal transportation assets of 9,500 53-ft. boxes and 5,000 chassis
We have a different kind of opportunity to create value through the cross-fertilization of best practices. Were sharing knowledge across all of our service offerings and geographies with an emphasis on high-impact areas, such as customer service, sales, safety, training, warehouse management, cross-dock operations, equipment maintenance and human resources.
Looking solely at the markets where we already operate, we hold less than 2% share of a total addressable opportunity of $1 trillion or more thats more than 50 times the size of our present revenue base. Now lets take a deeper look into XPO, starting with our technology.
XPO empowers its employees to deliver world-class service through technology. We prioritize innovation because we believe that great technology in the hands of well-trained employees, augmented by scale, is the ultimate competitive advantage in our industry. Our technology is purpose-built to continuously improve efficiency, control costs and leverage our footprint in customer-specific ways. Its a major reason why customers trust us with about 160,000 ground shipments and more than 7 billion inventory units daily.
We expect to spend about $550 million on technology this year, among the largest tech investments in our industry. Weve built a highly scalable platform on the cloud to speed
innovation companywide, with a global team of approximately 1,700 technology professionals, including more than 100 data scientists. Our efforts are concentrated in four areas: automation and intelligent machines, dynamic data science, the digital freight marketplace, and visibility and customer service especially in e-commerce. Our emphasis is on the digitalization of supply chain interactions, such as those between shippers and carriers or consumers and retailers.
Early last year, we launched our proprietary, cloud-based warehouse management platform; it integrates robotics and other advanced automation into our operations with a high degree of control, even when complex, third-party software is involved. Our platform is much more efficient than traditional warehouse management systems, particularly in multi-site and multichannel environments.
In June 2018, we announced a groundbreaking partnership with Nestlé, the worlds largest food and drink company, to co-create a 638,000-square-foot distribution center in the UK for Nestlés consumer packaged goods. Were investing $77 million in this site, which is scheduled to open in 2020. It will feature advanced sorting systems and robotics in a digital ecosystem that integrates predictive data and intelligent machines. The site will also house an XPO technology laboratory and operate as both a think tank and a launch pad for our innovations.
In October, we announced plans to deploy 5,000 additional robots throughout our logistics sites in North America and Europe. These are intelligent robots that collaborate with humans, designed to supplement our existing workforce and support future growth. The autonomous, mobile robots lift inventory storage racks and carry them to customized picking stations, where a worker can fulfill up to 48 orders simultaneously. The entire solution is interfaced with our warehouse management system the cobots shorten order-to-shipment times, support same-day and next-day deliveries and help workers minimize walk-time and heavy lifting.
More broadly, in logistics, our warehouses are becoming high-tech hubs with various types of collaborative robots, drones for inventory management and sophisticated analytics for demand forecasting. Our algorithms can predict the flow of goods and future returns, helping our e-commerce customers plan for inventory and labor levels. Our proprietary technology facilitates omnichannel distribution, lean manufacturing support, aftermarket support, supply chain optimization and transportation management. It links our XPO Direct distribution sites and can predict where stock should be positioned in the network for the greatest efficiency.
In transportation, our XPO Connect digital freight marketplace is creating a sea change in efficiency by sourcing, transacting and tracking on the cloud. Our brokerage business already benefits from having a variable cost model; now were applying technology to further improve margins and labor productivity. XPO Connect is a fully automated, self-learning and dynamic marketplace that connects shippers and carriers directly, as well as through XPO. It gives our customers visibility across multiple transportation modes in real time fluctuations in capacity, spot rates by geography and digital negotiating through an automated counteroffer feature. Shippers can assign their loads to carriers and track the freight through one, secure login.
Registered carriers in XPO Connect went from zero to 18,000 carriers in 12 months, and we expect that number to keep climbing. These are quality operators in our core network who are opting to sign up for the interface. They can reduce empty miles by making their available capacity visible to our customers. Our Drive XPO app gives carriers a way to interact with XPO Connect from the road. It also serves as a geo-locator and supports voice-to-text communications. Weve been rolling out Drive XPO in our European brokerage network to deliver the same benefits to our customers there.
In last mile, we use our proprietary applications to engage consumers in the delivery process for their heavy goods. We also gather real-time feedback post-delivery to help our customers build loyalty. We believe we have the best service metrics in our sector, in part because our sophisticated technology gives retailers, contractors and consumers more control over the service-intensive last mile experience.
Someone who buys a couch or appliance from one of our customers online can track that order in real time using our web tools, Google Home, Amazon Echo or Google Search. They can request personalized alerts, reschedule delivery times electronically and use our augmented reality tool to visualize the placement of the item inside their home. Our last mile contract carriers use the XPO Connect platform to communicate with our last mile team recently, we added automated scheduling and other self-service capabilities for shippers.
In LTL, our network is benefiting from advanced pricing algorithms, AI-based load-building and augmented reality tools that improve dimensional accuracy in our linehaul models. In addition, were rolling out dynamic routing optimization for pickup and delivery to enhance visibility for our customers; this technology also reduces our carbon footprint by decreasing empty miles.
Our LTL technology blueprint for 2019 includes the deployment of XPO Smart labor productivity tools, the expanded use of machine learning in linehaul, and the application of new price elasticity models that identify optimal pricing and balance our network volumes. Over the next 12 to 24 months, we intend to launch a new LTL technology platform for comprehensive network optimization. This should generate a significant increase in EBITDA once implemented.
We recently launched a single tracking number that our customers can Google to follow their goods through our warehouses and across our modes of transportation. It gives our large accounts an additional incentive to use XPO for multiple solutions.
The supply chain industry is wide open for disruptive thinking like this. Our position as a leading proponent of technology has led to important advantages for our customers. Were constantly unearthing new efficiencies through advanced automation and a whole raft of other innovations, some of which are customized for individual customers.
Contract logistics is an asset-light business characterized by long-term contractual relationships, low cyclicality and a high-value-add component that minimizes commoditization. It has low capex requirements as a percentage of revenue, which leads to strong free cash flow conversion and ROIC.
As the second largest contract logistics provider worldwide, were at the forefront of a $120 billion sector thats estimated to grow at two to three times GDP. Our global footprint of facilities stands at a record 194 million square feet this makes us particularly attractive to multinational customers who also value our vertical expertise, technology and engineering capabilities. When we secure a new logistics contract, the initial tenure is approximately five years on average, with a historical renewal rate of around 95%. These relationships can lead to cross-selling and a wider use of our services, such as inbound and outbound logistics.
XPOs logistics offering encompasses a range of services for the purpose of helping our customers control costs and increase efficiency. We provide value-added warehousing and distribution, e-commerce fulfillment, cold chain solutions, reverse logistics, packaging and labeling, factory support, aftermarket support, inventory management and order personalization services, such as laser etching. In addition, we provide highly engineered solutions and supply chain optimization services, such as production flow management, predictive analytics and advanced automation.
Our competitive positioning in logistics is as a technology leader. Were innovative and agile, with the ability to handle very complex, large implementations. With robotics, for instance, we work with 29 of the top robotics companies in the world, culled from hundreds of suppliers we looked at.
Reverse logistics is a fast-growing area of contract logistics, and one where we have a high profile as a quality provider. In 2018, we managed over 170 million returned units annually. Returns management, as its also called, is a multifaceted service that encompasses inspections, repackaging, refurbishment, resale or disposal, refunds and warranty management. Here again, our technology is a major differentiator. Weve developed predictive analytics that use machine learning to forecast the future rate of returns by SKU number. This is a high-value service for e-tailers and manufacturers that sell direct to consumers, because consumers are increasingly test-driving the products they buy online.
Our largest contract logistics win to date is an omnichannel reverse logistics facility we began ramping up in mid-2018. Our customer is a large footwear and apparel company; weve partnered to implement a 1.1 million square foot returns processing center in the US. The site has been custom-designed to drastically improve the processing time it takes to get products back into the supply chain once theyre returned through retail, wholesale and e-commerce channels.
Many of our logistics customers are the preeminent names in retail and e-commerce, food and beverage, technology, aerospace, wireless, industrial and manufacturing, chemical, agribusiness, life sciences and healthcare. We also have strong positions in fast-growing sub-verticals: for example, XPO is the number one provider of fashion logistics in Italy. There are very few logistics companies with the breadth of vertical expertise we have most of our competitors specialize in one or two verticals.
We also have complementary strengths in Europe and North America. For example, in Europe were a specialist in cold chain logistics, which includes some sectors that are less sensitive to economic cycles, such as food and beverage. Our European cold chain experts are helping us build this business in North America. In the US, were strong in aerospace and other high-tech sectors, which is opening new doors for us overseas.
In 2018, we implemented a record number of contract start-ups in logistics: 118 over 12 months, including 28 in the fourth quarter. In the first quarter of 2019, we had a revenue benefit from 2018 implementations, and we won 23 new logistics contracts. Were using our XPO Smart workforce planning tools in our logistics sites to forecast optimal staffing levels and offset labor inflation.
Labor productivity is a large lever for cost savings in our warehouse operations; were very focused on closing the gaps between good performance and great performance. Our deployment of dynamic labor planning technology in our logistics sites has proved to be a success in this regard.
Our other segment transportation includes our lines for truck brokerage and transportation, LTL, last mile, intermodal, expedite, global forwarding and managed transportation.
Truck Brokerage and Transportation
XPO utilizes a blended transportation model of brokered, owned and contracted capacity for truck transportation. The non-asset portion of our model is variable cost and gives us extensive flexibility. It includes our brokerage operations, as well as contracted capacity with independent owner-operators.
Brokerage is compelling to us for a number of reasons. In addition to low fixed costs, it has high free cash flow conversion and minimal capex requirements, with tailwinds from outsourcing and supplier consolidation. Brokerage is also valuable to most of our customers who use XPO for other lines of business. Examples of brokered freight include industrial flows of raw materials and finished goods, consumer goods, sensitive or high-value freight, and freight that requires high security.
Weve developed a powerful truckload management system called Freight Optimizer that is an integral part of our XPO Connect architecture and drives our brokerage operations in North America and Europe. Truck drivers use our Drive XPO app to interact with XPO Connect from the road, locating loads and bidding to fill empty miles.
In North America, our brokerage network includes approximately 38,000 independent carriers representing over a million trucks. This capacity is critically important to shippers they value our ability to find them trucks and drivers under all kinds of market conditions. In Europe, the largest components of our transportation operations are LTL, dedicated transport and brokerage. In 2018, these three service lines combined generated about 80% of our European transport EBITDA. We also have a non-dedicated truckload business in Europe that provides on-demand capacity for our customers.
Our LTL business in North America is asset-based; it utilizes employee drivers, a fleet of tractors and trailers for line-haul, pick-up and delivery of pallets, and a network of 290 terminals. In Western Europe, where were a leading LTL provider, we utilize the optimal model for each national market. In the UK, for example, we own the trucks and employ the drivers, whereas in Spain, we contract with independent carriers for capacity. In France, we use a blended model. We support the independent LTL carrier relationships with XPO terminals and staff.
Our LTL team is laser-focused on on-time, damage-free performance. Were a top three LTL provider in the US, with a network that covers about 99% of all zip codes. Using one of the industrys most modern fleets, we deliver approximately 20 billion pounds of freight a year. We have over 20,000 LTL customers, primarily local accounts, and weve significantly increased the number of salespeople dedicated to serving and growing this base.
In North American LTL, in the first quarter of 2019, we realized an operating ratio of 89.4% and an adjusted operating ratio of 87.6%, our best first quarter ratio in 20 years. Weve nearly doubled EBITDA in LTL in the three years since we bought it and brought the operations a long way forward. Were continuing to optimize our freight mix, improve asset utilization and serve
customers with more consistency. Were also diversifying our LTL customer base by selling this service across more verticals.
Another major efficiency for us in LTL is workforce utilization. Our transformation and big data teams are using our proprietary labor analytics to model an optimal solution for a given day at a given service center, based on the amount of work forecasted. We look at things like pick-up and delivery hours, dock hours, overtime, part-time labor and full-time labor. This is being applied in our European transport operations as well.
Last Mile Logistics
Our last mile services are predominantly asset-light: we use independent contractors to perform transportation and over-the-threshold deliveries and installations. In North America, these services are supported by a network of 85 hubs that extend our last mile footprint to within 125 miles of approximately 90% of the US population.
XPO is the largest facilitator for the home delivery of heavy goods in North America, and yet we hold just 7% share of this sector in the US. Our last mile customers include big-box retailers who sell items such as appliances, furniture, exercise equipment and large electronics. Theres an ongoing shift toward customers buying large, bulky items online, and given our specialization in heavy goods, this represents significant growth potential for us.
Last mile logistics for heavy goods is a service-intensive business that we do very well. We have a cohesive last mile network that we launched in 2013, when we bought the leading last mile company in North America; we then integrated three more highly regarded last mile providers over 18 months. Our customers benefit from the tens of millions of dollars weve invested in last mile technology to deliver superior outcomes with national consistency.
In Europe, which is another fragmented last mile landscape, theres a large opportunity for us to apply our technology and best practices. Weve established last mile operations for heavy goods in several European countries and won some sizable contracts. Its a small but growing presence in a sector where our expertise is valued.
Intermodal involves the long-haul portion of containerized freight movements. This is an additional growth opportunity for us within our freight brokerage unit. Services include rail brokerage, local drayage performed by independent trucking contractors, and on-site operational services. XPO has one of the largest drayage networks in the US, with more than 2,400 independent owner-operators and access to another 25,000 drayage trucks.
The nature of intermodal is that demand is influenced by external factors, such as the availability of truck capacity. When truck capacity is relatively tight, thats good for intermodal the same is true of high fuel prices. In general, intermodal can be a much less expensive mode for freight that is not time-sensitive. The main drivers of customer satisfaction are cost effectiveness, ready capacity and service performance.
Our proprietary Rail Optimizer technology is a growth engine and a competitive advantage for us in intermodal; it enables constant communication with the railroads and provides a high level of visibility into the door-to-door movements of long-haul freight. We use sensors on our containers that tell us where a container is located, whether its full or empty, and whether the door is open. These are just some of the ways we add value for our intermodal customers.
We offer expedited transportation, a non-asset business, as part of our freight brokerage operations in North America. Expedited shipments are time-critical goods or raw materials that have to get somewhere very quickly, typically on little notice.
We use a network of contracted owner-operators to handle expedited ground transportation, and an electronic bid platform to assign air charter loads. A large and separate component of our expedite operations is our proprietary transportation management platform, which awards loads electronically based on online carrier bids. These transactions primarily happen on a machine-to-machine basis. Our technology initiates a new auction on the internet every few seconds, and we take a fee for facilitating the process.
One key driver of expedite demand is the trend toward just-in-time (JIT) urgent shipments. JIT is a supply chain strategy that requires 3PL support for both manufacturing production and inventory management. As the largest manager of expedited shipments in North America, we can act very quickly, often saving our customers from disastrous monetary loss.
Our expedite group serves our other service lines as well. For example, if a track repair stalls a rail container, we can off-load those goods to an expedite ground carrier in our network or put them on a chartered aircraft. This ability to find solutions to almost any challenge is a major advantage of using XPO.
XPO is a top five global provider of managed transportation, with approximately $2.7 billion of freight under management. Managed transportation is a non-asset service that we provide to shippers who want to outsource some or all of their transportation modes and associated activities. These activities can include freight handling, such as consolidation and deconsolidation, labor planning, inbound and outbound shipment facilitation, documentation and customs management, claims processing and 3PL supplier management, among other services.
The three main components of our managed transportation offering are: control tower solutions, managed expedite and dedicated capacity.
Our control tower experts are trained in operations, analytics, procurement and customer service. We design the optimal routes for a given supply chain, determine the most efficient carriers and ensure that they perform at a high level. We also apply Lean-based analysis to shipping patterns to identify process improvements and cost-saving opportunities. We oversee vendor performance, freight audits and payments, claims, charge-back notifications and other processes.
Managed expedite is facilitated with our proprietary expedite web technology that automates the procurement and tracking of time-critical freight. We have thousands of vetted ground carriers in our independent network, with vehicle types ranging from cargo vans to flatbeds, as well as domestic and international air options.
Our dedicated service is a turnkey solution we tailor for each customer: drivers, tractors, trailers, maintenance, management and fuel, with no equipment leases.
We provide non-asset global forwarding services in a $150 billion sector where shippers depend on our domestic, cross-border and international expertise. The freight we forward may have origins and destinations within the same country or move between countries or continents. Shipments may travel by ground, air, ocean or some combination of these modes.
XPO has a network of independent market experts and licensed customs brokers that provide local oversight in thousands of key trade areas worldwide, and we operate a subsidiary as a non-vessel operating common carrier (NVOCC). We have an opportunity to grow market share in freight forwarding through our network of dedicated offices on four continents.
The common denominator across all areas of transportation and logistics is that customers want results. A zero-fail mindset is part of our DNA, dating back 30 years to our roots in expedite. Anything less than stellar service is not an option for us.
Transportation customers want on-time pickup and delivery. Contract logistics customers want their goods to flow smoothly through the supply chain. All customers want visibility into flows, accurate documentation and damage-free handling. If a disruption does occur, customers expect to know about it right away and hear a solution. And increasingly, customers want real-time insights into supply chain activities, which is why we invest heavily in developing apps, end-to-end visibility, predictive analytics and our digital freight marketplace.
We see an opportunity to continue to further differentiate XPO on the basis of superior customer service in each of our service offerings. We ask ourselves: Is the customer thrilled to have chosen XPO? Are we constantly improving the value we deliver? When we receive awards for operational excellence from world-class companies such as Boeing, Nissan, Diebold, Navistar, Nordstrom, The Home Depot and Whirlpool, we know were doing our job.
A Culture with Purpose
In conveying our strengths, we believe that equal weight should be given to the human face of XPO. Our company employs approximately 100,000 extraordinary individuals who have great insights about our customers and our business.
In 2018, XPO management reviewed more than 32,000 employee survey responses and acted on countless suggestions, including the establishment of a permanent, US-based relief fund for colleagues in disaster areas. This reflects an important component of our culture: to engage our employees, customers, investors and the global community in a shared sense of doing good.
Our culture is also about being safe, respectful, entrepreneurial, innovative and inclusive its about having compassion, being honest and respecting diverse points of view, while operating as a team. We reinforce our culture through open-door management, the XPO University training curriculum, our Workplace virtual community and equal opportunity hiring policies. In addition, we have robust ethical guidelines that foster physical and emotional safety at work and clearly define prohibited behavior, such as harassment, dishonesty, discrimination, workplace violence, bullying, conflicts of interest, insider trading and human trafficking.
Our Pregnancy Care Policy, developed over the last year, is a gold standard not just for our industry, but for any industry. Any employee of XPO who becomes a new parent through birth or adoption can qualify for six weeks of 100% paid leave as the infants primary caregiver, or two weeks paid leave as the secondary caregiver. In addition, a woman receives up to 20 days of 100% paid prenatal leave for health and wellness and other preparations for her childs arrival.
Our female employees can request pregnancy accommodations without fear of discrimination, including automatic yes accommodations, such as changes to work schedules and the timing or frequency of breaks, or assistance with certain tasks. More extensive accommodations are easily determined with input from a doctor. Furthermore, we guarantee that a woman will continue to be paid her regular base wage rate while her pregnancy accommodations are in effect, even if her duties need to be adjusted, and she will remain eligible for wage increases while receiving alternate work arrangements.
Weve also partnered with a leading healthcare network for women and families to offer supplemental health services from over 1,400 practitioners in 20 specialties via a virtual clinic. In total, more than 30 quality benefits are available to XPO women and families in the US. These include fertility services, prenatal and postpartum care, paid family bonding and a return-to-work program.
Sustainability is another priority for us. Its an area where XPO has already set an example in the industry, giving us an opportunity to build on that position. Our company has been named a Top 75 Green Supply Chain Partner by Inbound Logistics for three consecutive years, and in 2016 we were awarded the label Objectif CO2 for outstanding environmental performance of transport operations in Europe by the French Ministry of the Environment and the French Environment and Energy Agency.
The warehouse of the future that were creating with Nestlé in the UK will be sited on man-made plateaus, with landscaping to minimize the visual impact to nearby settlements. Additional sustainability measures include environmentally friendly ammonia refrigeration systems, energy-saving LED lighting, air-source heat pumps for administration areas and rainwater harvesting.
A number of our logistics facilities are ISO14001-certified, which ensures environmental and other regulatory compliances. We monitor fuel emissions from forklifts in our warehouses, and we have protocols in place to take immediate corrective action if needed. Our packaging engineers ensure that the optimal carton size is used for each product slated for distribution, and when feasible, we purchase recycled packaging. As a byproduct of our reverse logistics operations, we recycle millions of electronic components and batteries each year.
In transportation, weve made substantial capex investments in fuel-efficient Freightliner Cascadia tractors in North America; these use EPA 2013-compliant and GHG14-compliant SCR technology. Our North American LTL locations have numerous energy-saving policies in place and are implementing a phased upgrade to LED lighting.
In Europe, we own one of the industrys most modern fleets: 98% compliant with Euro V, EEV and Euro VI standards, and with an average truck age of approximately three years. We also own a large fleet of natural gas trucks in Europe, and we have government-approved mega-trucks in Spain. These trucks can significantly reduce CO2 emissions due to their larger carrying capacity. Recently, we began using nine electric vehicles for last mile deliveries in urban areas, reducing emissions to zero.
The development of our culture will continue to be a steady march forward, as it has since our founding in 2011. We recently published our inaugural Sustainability Report, a global document that covers 2018 data and initiatives. We also publish a Corporate Social Responsibility Report for our European operations. Both documents can be found at https://sustainability.xpo.com.
We delivered on expectations for the first quarter and beat on adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow. We reported:
· $4.12 billion of revenue(2), compared with $4.19 billion
· 2.3% organic revenue growth(3)
· $43 million of net income(2), compared with $67 million(4)
· $0.37 diluted earnings per share(2), compared with $0.50
· $59 million of adjusted net income, compared with $81 million
· $0.51 adjusted diluted earnings per share(5), compared with $0.61
· $343 million of adjusted EBITDA, compared with $330 million
· $(96) million of cash flow usage from operations, compared with $(19) million
· $(96) million of free cash flow usage(6), compared with $(151) million
$2.5 Billion Share Repurchase Program
Our strong balance sheet gives us considerable flexibility in making the best capital allocations on behalf of our stockholders. Weve raised or refinanced over $3 billion in debt from public and private investors since December 2018 at attractive terms, while extending our maturity profile. XPO has no significant debt maturing until June 2022.
When our share price dropped through year-end 2018, we paused M&A in favor of buying back our own stock a rare opportunity to create compelling shareholder value. Were very good at M&A, and well return to acquisitions when the time is right.
From December 14, 2018, through April 30, 2019, we repurchased 35.2 million shares of XPO common stock at a $53.42 average price per share, for a total cost of approximately $1.9 billion.
The company is not obligated to repurchase any specific number of shares, and we can suspend or discontinue the program at any time.
(1) Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures used in this document are provided in the accompanying slide presentation.
(2) Revenue, net income and diluted earnings per share were adversely impacted by: a reduction in business from the companys largest customer; foreign currency exchange; higher interest expense year-over-year, partially offset by share repurchase activity; and a higher effective tax rate of 27% in 2019, compared with 0% in 2018.
(3) Effective for the first quarter of 2019, the company excludes direct postal injection revenue in our last mile business from its calculation of organic revenue growth, and continues to exclude fuel and foreign currency exchange. The company ceased offering direct postal injection service in the first quarter of 2019.
(4) Net income is attributable to common shareholders.
(5) Adjusted diluted earnings per share for 2019 reflects a higher tax rate for the first quarter of 2019, compared with the same period in 2018.
(6) Free cash flow favorability was driven by lower net capex and lower bonus payments year-over-year.
2019 Financial Targets
Our full-year 2019 financial targets are:
· Revenue growth of 3% to 5%, which corresponds to organic revenue growth(7) of 5.5% to 7.5% year-over-year
· Adjusted EBITDA in the range of $1.650 billion to $1.725 billion, an increase of 6% to 10% year-over-year
· Free cash flow in the range of $525 million to $625 million(8)
· Net capital expenditures in the range of $400 million to $450 million
· Depreciation and amortization in the range of $765 million to $785 million
· Effective tax rate in the range of 26% to 29%
· Cash taxes in the range of $165 million to $190 million(9)
To generate 6% to 10% year-over-year growth in adjusted EBITDA, we continue to expect low to mid-single-digit growth in adjusted EBITDA for the first half of this year, with momentum building in the second half. In the third quarter, well lap the 2018 loss we sustained from the House of Fraser bankruptcy. Our outlook also assumes continued macro growth in both North America and Europe, although at a slower pace than in 2018.
In addition to the acceleration of our new business wins in the first quarter, we expect full-year benefits from the record number of logistics projects we started up throughout 2018, the expansion of our last mile hubs, numerous LTL technology initiatives and the launch of our strategic accounts team in Europe. In addition, we should continue to see positive impacts from workforce planning, collaborative robots and other productivity initiatives underway, and were getting good traction with XPO Direct.
Given our expectation of higher net capex and higher cash taxes in the second quarter, we anticipate that free cash flow for the first half of 2019 will look much like the first half of 2018.
Sustainable Value Creation
In summary, were continuing to execute our growth strategy in the trillion-dollar addressable market where we operate. There are always ways we can help our customers operate more efficiently and reduce their costs; thats the most sustainable path to shareholder value.
Our ability to drive efficiencies through technology in so many parts of the supply chain from sourcing to final destination clearly resonates with customers. Our partnership approach and our proprietary technology are major reasons why 69% of Fortune 100 companies use XPO.
Underlying our strategy is a deep bench of seasoned operators who know how to achieve results. Its worth noting that 19% of XPOs diluted outstanding shares are held by company executives and directors, which aligns their interests with those of our public shareholders.
(7) The 5.5% to 7.5% outlook for full-year organic revenue growth equates to the 4% to 6% target issued in February 2019, adjusted for the exclusion of direct postal injection revenue in our last mile business.
(8), (9) 2019 targets for free cash flow and cash taxes assume cash interest expense of $275 million to $315 million. We expect an incremental benefit to free cash flow of $125 million to $150 million from trade receivables programs in 2019.
In 2016, XPO made the Fortune 500 list for the first time, and one year later, we were named the fastest-growing transportation company on the list. In 2018, Fortune named us to their Fortune Future 50 list, and Gartner ranked us as a leader among third party logistics providers worldwide. In Italy, we were awarded Logistics Company of the Year for innovation two years in a row. Logistics Manager named us 3PL of the Year. And in the UK, we were voted one of Glassdoors top three Best Places to Work. Forbes ranked us as the top-performing US company on the Global 2000 and one of Americas Best Employers. In March, Forbes named us one of the best companies to work for in Spain. We thank our employees for creating the culture that has led to these recognitions.
This year, Fortune once again named us one of the Worlds Most Admired Companies, and ranked us first in our category of trucking, transportation and logistics. Many of the criteria for Most Admired Companies mirror core strengths of XPO: innovativeness, long-term investment value, financial soundness, wise use of corporate assets and effectiveness in conducting a global business.
Today, XPO is more capable of creating significant shareholder value than at any time in our history. Our strong competitive moat includes leading positions in fast-growing areas of transportation and logistics, a broad range of integrated supply chain solutions, important advantages of scale, and differentiation through cutting-edge technology. We have seasoned operators in place, a motivated workforce and meticulous growth plans for each line of business.
Were confident that well once again grow adjusted EBITDA faster than revenue this year, as we deliver on our outlook and position for the future. Our greatest opportunities to serve the interests of our investors and our customers are still ahead.
Thank you for your interest!
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
As required by the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), we provide reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures contained in this document to the most directly comparable measure under GAAP, which are set forth in the financial tables attached to the accompanying slide presentation.
This document contains the following non-GAAP financial measures: earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and adjusted EBITDA for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018; free cash flow for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018; adjusted net income attributable to common shareholders and adjusted earnings per share (basic and diluted) (adjusted EPS) for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018; and organic revenue and organic revenue growth for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, on a consolidated basis.
We believe that the above adjusted financial measures facilitate analysis of our ongoing business operations because they exclude items that may not be reflective of, or are unrelated to, XPO and its business segments core operating performance, and may assist investors with comparisons to prior periods and assessing trends in our underlying businesses. Other companies may calculate these non-GAAP financial measures differently, and therefore our
measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures should only be used as supplemental measures of our operating performance.
Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income attributable to common shareholders and adjusted EPS include adjustments for transaction, integration and rebranding costs as well as adjustments for restructuring costs. Transaction and integration adjustments are generally incremental costs that result from an actual or planned acquisition and include transaction costs, acquisition and integration consulting fees, internal salaries and wages (to the extent the individuals are assigned full-time to integration and transformation activities) and certain costs related to integrating and converging IT systems. Rebranding adjustments primarily relate to the rebranding of the XPO Logistics name on our truck fleet and buildings. Restructuring costs primarily relate to severance costs associated with business optimization initiatives. Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures in making financial, operating and planning decisions and evaluating XPOs and each business segments ongoing performance.
We believe that free cash flow is an important measure of our ability to repay maturing debt or fund other uses of capital that we believe will enhance stockholder value. We calculate free cash flow as adjusted net cash used in operating activities, less payment for purchases of property and equipment plus proceeds from sale of property and equipment, with adjusted net cash used in operating activities defined as net cash used in operating activities plus cash collected on deferred purchase price receivables. We believe that EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA improve comparability from period to period by removing the impact of our capital structure (interest and financing expenses), asset base (depreciation and amortization), tax impacts and other adjustments as set out in the attached tables that management has determined are not reflective of core operating activities and thereby assist investors with assessing trends in our underlying businesses. We believe that adjusted net income attributable to common shareholders and adjusted EPS improve the comparability of our operating results from period to period by removing the impact of certain costs and gains that management has determined are not reflective of our core operating activities. We believe that organic revenue is an important measure because it excludes the impact of the following items: foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, fuel surcharges and revenue associated with our direct postal injection service in last mile.
With respect to our 2019 financial target for adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow and organic revenue growth, each of which is a non-GAAP measure, a reconciliation of the non-GAAP measure to the corresponding GAAP measure is not available without unreasonable effort due to the variability and complexity of the reconciling items described below that we exclude from the non-GAAP target measure. The variability of these items may have a significant impact on our future GAAP financial results and, as a result, we are unable to prepare the forward-looking balance sheet, statement of income and statement of cash flow, prepared in accordance with GAAP that would be required to produce such a reconciliation.
This document includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including our 2019 financial targets for our consolidated revenue and organic revenue growth, adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, net capital expenditures, depreciation and amortization, effective tax rate, cash taxes and the free cash flow benefit from our trade receivables programs. All statements other than statements of historical fact are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be
identified by the use of forward-looking terms such as anticipate, estimate, believe, continue, could, intend, may, plan, potential, predict, should, will, expect, objective, projection, forecast, goal, guidance, outlook, effort, target, trajectory or the negative of these terms or other comparable terms. However, the absence of these words does not mean that the statements are not forward-looking. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses made by us in light of our experience and our perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors we believe are appropriate in the circumstances.
These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to a material difference include the risks discussed in our filings with the SEC and the following: economic conditions generally; competition and pricing pressures; our ability to align our investments in capital assets, including equipment, service centers and warehouses, to our customers demands; our ability to successfully integrate and realize anticipated synergies, cost savings and profit improvement opportunities with respect to acquired companies; our ability to develop and implement suitable information technology systems and prevent failures in or breaches of such systems; our substantial indebtedness; our ability to raise debt and equity capital; our ability to maintain positive relationships with our network of third-party transportation providers; our ability to attract and retain qualified drivers; litigation, including litigation related to alleged misclassification of independent contractors and securities class actions; labor matters, including our ability to manage our subcontractors, and risks associated with labor disputes at our customers and efforts by labor organizations to organize our employees; risks associated with our self-insured claims; risks associated with defined benefit plans for our current and former employees; fluctuations in currency exchange rates; fluctuations in fixed and floating interest rates; fuel price and fuel surcharge changes; issues related to our intellectual property rights; governmental regulation, including trade compliance laws; and governmental or political actions, including the United Kingdoms likely exit from the European Union. All forward-looking statements set forth in this document are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that the actual results or developments anticipated by us will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequences to or effects on us or our business or operations. Forward-looking statements set forth in this document speak only as of the date hereof, and we do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, changes in expectations or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except to the extent required by law.