xpo-20210730
0001166003FALSE00011660032021-08-032021-08-03

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): July 30, 2021
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
001-32172
03-0450326
   
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation)
(Commission File Number)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
Five American Lane, Greenwich, Connecticut 06831
(Address of principal executive offices)
(855) 976-6951
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.001 per shareXPONew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐



Introductory Note
This Current Report on Form 8-K is being filed in connection with the closing on August 2, 2021 at 12:01 a.m. Eastern Time of the previously announced separation (the “Separation”) of the logistics segment of XPO Logistics, Inc. (“XPO” or the “company”) from the company’s transportation segment. The Separation was effected by the transfer of the logistics segment from the company to GXO Logistics, Inc. (“GXO”) and the distribution of all of the outstanding shares of GXO common stock to the company’s stockholders (the “Distribution”). The company’s stockholders of record as of the close of business on July 23, 2021 (the “Record Date”) received one share of GXO common stock for every one share of the company’s common stock held as of the Record Date. The company did not issue fractional shares of GXO common stock in the Distribution.
As a result of the Distribution, GXO is now an independent public company trading under the symbol “GXO” on the New York Stock Exchange.
Item 1.01.          Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.
Spin-Off Agreements
In connection with the Distribution, the company entered into several agreements with GXO that govern the relationship of the parties following the Distribution, including a Separation and Distribution Agreement, a Transition Services Agreement, a Tax Matters Agreement, and an Employee Matters Agreement (each entered into on August 1, 2021), and an Intellectual Property License Agreement (entered into on July 30, 2021).
A summary of the material terms of these agreements can be found in the section entitled “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” in the Information Statement, dated July 23, 2021, filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on July 26, 2021, which is incorporated herein by reference. The summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Transition Services Agreement, the Tax Matters Agreement, the Employee Matters Agreement and the Intellectual Property License Agreement filed as Exhibits 2.1, 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, and 10.4, respectively, to this Current Report on Form 8-K, each of which is incorporated herein by reference.
ABL Credit Agreement
In connection with the Distribution, on July 30, 2021, the company entered into Amendment No. 6 to Second Amended and Restated Revolving Loan Credit Agreement (the “Amendment”), by and among the company, certain subsidiaries signatory thereto, the lenders party thereto and Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., in its capacity as agent (the “Agent”), amending that certain Second Amended and Restated Revolving Loan Credit Agreement, dated as of October 30, 2015 (as previously amended, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified, the “Existing ABL Credit Agreement”), by and among the company, certain subsidiaries signatory thereto, the lenders party thereto and the Agent. The Amendment amended the Existing ABL Credit Agreement to, among other things: (i) reduce the aggregate commitments thereunder from $1.1 billion to $1.0 billion upon consummation of the Distribution and (ii) make certain other changes to the covenants and other provisions therein.
The foregoing description of the Amendment does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Amendment filed as Exhibit 10.5 to this Current Report on Form 8-K, which is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 2.01.          Completion of Acquisition or Disposition of Assets.
The disclosure set forth in the “Introductory Note” above is incorporated by reference into this Item 2.01.
A copy of the press release issued by the company on August 2, 2021 announcing the completion of the Separation and the Distribution is filed as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.



Item 5.02.          Departure of Directors or Certain Officers; Election of Directors; Appointment of Certain Officers; Compensatory Arrangements of Certain Officers.
Resignation of Directors
As previously disclosed on Current Reports on Form 8-K filed on July 13, 2021 and July 20, 2021, effective as of the completion of the Distribution, Gena Ashe, Marlene Colucci, Jason Papastavrou and Oren Shaffer resigned from the company’s board of directors and joined the board of directors of GXO.
Appointment of Directors
Effective as of the completion of the Distribution:
Jason Aiken was appointed a director of the company and chairman of the Audit Committee. Mr. Aiken currently serves as senior vice president and chief financial officer of General Dynamics. Earlier, he served as senior vice president and chief financial officer of Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation, a General Dynamics subsidiary.
Mary Kissel was appointed a director of the company and a member of the Compensation Committee. Ms. Kissel currently serves as executive vice president and senior policy advisor with Stephens Inc. She is a former senior advisor to the U.S. Secretary of State, and was previously with The Wall Street Journal as a member of the Editorial Board and editorial page editor for Asia-Pacific.
Allison Landry was appointed a director of the company and a member of both the Audit Committee and the Compensation Committee. Ms. Landry is a former senior transportation research analyst with Credit Suisse, covering the trucking, railroad, airfreight and logistics industries.
Johnny C. Taylor, Jr. was appointed a director of the company and chairman of the Compensation Committee. Mr. Taylor is currently president and chief executive officer of the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM). He previously held executive positions with IAC/Interactive Corp, Viacom’s Paramount Pictures and Blockbuster Entertainment Group, among others.
A copy of the press release issued by the company on August 2, 2021 announcing that its new slate of directors became effective with the completion of the spin-off is filed as Exhibit 99.2 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.
Item 8.01.          Other Events.
On July 30, 2021, the company provided notice to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (in such capacity, the “2024 Notes Trustee”) under that certain Indenture, dated as of February 22, 2019 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “2024 Notes Indenture”), by and among the company, the guarantors party thereto and the 2024 Notes Trustee, that on August 15, 2021, subject to and conditioned upon consummation of the Distribution (which condition was satisfied on August 2, 2021), the company intends to redeem all $1.0 billion in aggregate principal amount of its outstanding 6.750% Senior Notes due 2024 at a redemption price of 103.375% of the principal amount thereof in accordance with the terms of the 2024 Notes Indenture.
On August 2, 2021, the company provided notice to The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. (in such capacity, the “2023 Notes Trustee”) under that certain Indenture, dated as of August 25, 2016 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “2023 Notes Indenture”), by and among the company, the guarantors party thereto and the 2023 Notes Trustee, that on September 1, 2021, the company intends to redeem all $535 million in aggregate principal amount of its outstanding 6.125% Senior Notes due 2023 at a redemption price of 100.000% of the principal amount thereof in accordance with the terms of the 2023 Notes Indenture.
Item 9.01.          Financial Statements and Exhibits.
(b) Pro Forma Financial Information



The unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information of the company giving effect to the Separation and the Distribution, including the unaudited pro forma combined balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 and the unaudited pro forma combined statement of operations for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, are attached hereto as Exhibit 99.3 and incorporated herein by reference.
(d) Exhibits.
Exhibit No.Description
2.1
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
99.1
99.2
99.3
104.1Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)



SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this Current Report on Form 8-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
Date:August 3, 2021
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
By: /s/ Ravi Tulsyan
 Name:Ravi Tulsyan
 Title:Deputy Chief Financial Officer & Treasurer

Document
Exhibit 2.1


SEPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT
BY AND BETWEEN
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
AND
GXO LOGISTICS, INC.
DATED AS OF AUGUST 1, 2021



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS
2
ARTICLE II THE SEPARATION
13
2.1    Transfer of Assets and Assumption of Liabilities.
13
2.2    SpinCo Assets; Parent Assets.
16
2.3    SpinCo Liabilities; Parent Liabilities.
18
2.4    Approvals and Notifications.
19
2.5    Novation of Liabilities.
22
2.6    Release of Guarantees
24
2.7    Termination of Agreements.
25
2.8    Treatment of Shared Contracts.
26
2.9    Bank Accounts; Cash Balances.
27
2.10    Ancillary Agreements
29
2.11    Disclaimer of Representations and Warranties
29
2.12    SpinCo Financing Arrangements; SpinCo Debt Incurrence.
29
2.13    Financial Information Certifications
30
ARTICLE III THE DISTRIBUTION
30
3.1    Sole and Absolute Discretion; Cooperation.
30
3.2    Actions Prior to the Distribution
31
3.3    Conditions to the Distribution.
32
3.4    The Distribution.
34
ARTICLE IV MUTUAL RELEASES; INDEMNIFICATION
34
4.1    Release of Pre-Distribution Claims.
34
4.2    Indemnification by SpinCo
36
4.3    Indemnification by Parent
37
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4.4    Indemnification Obligations Net of Insurance Proceeds and Other Amounts.
38
4.5    Procedures for Indemnification of Third-Party Claims.
39
4.6    Additional Matters.
42
4.7    Right of Contribution.
42
4.8    Covenant Not to Sue
43
4.9    Remedies Cumulative
43
4.10    Survival of Indemnities
43
ARTICLE V CERTAIN OTHER MATTERS
43
5.1    Insurance Matters.
43
5.2    Late Payments
46
5.3    Inducement
46
5.4    Post-Effective Time Conduct
46
5.5    Use of Parent Names.
46
5.6    Non-Competition.
47
ARTICLE VI EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION; CONFIDENTIALITY
48
6.1    Agreement for Exchange of Information.
48
6.2    Ownership of Information
50
6.3    Compensation for Providing Information
50
6.4    Record Retention.
50
6.5    Limitations of Liability
50
6.6    Other Agreements Providing for Exchange of Information.
51
6.7    Production of Witnesses; Records; Cooperation.
51
6.8    Privileged Matters.
52
6.9    Confidentiality.
54
6.10    Protective Arrangements
56
ARTICLE VII DISPUTE RESOLUTION
56
7.1    Good Faith Officer Negotiation
56
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7.2    CEO Negotiation
56
7.3    Arbitration.
57
7.4    Litigation and Unilateral Commencement of Arbitration
58
7.5    Conduct During Dispute Resolution Process
58
7.6    Dispute Resolution Coordination
58
ARTICLE VIII FURTHER ASSURANCES AND ADDITIONAL COVENANTS
58
8.1    Further Assurances.
58
ARTICLE IX TERMINATION
59
9.1    Termination
59
9.2    Effect of Termination
60
ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS
60
10.1    Counterparts; Entire Agreement; Corporate Power.
60
10.2    Governing Law
61
10.3    Assignability
61
10.4    Third Party Beneficiaries
61
10.5    Notices
61
10.6    Severability
63
10.7    Force Majeure
63
10.8    No Set-Off
63
10.9    Expenses
63
10.10    Headings
64
10.11    Survival of Covenants
64
10.12    Waivers of Default
64
10.13    Specific Performance
64
10.14    Amendments
64
10.15    Interpretation
64
10.16    Limitations of Liability
65
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10.17    Performance
65
10.18    Mutual Drafting
65
10.19    Ancillary Agreements.
65
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SCHEDULES
Schedule 1.1Parent Names
Schedule 1.4SpinCo Contracts
Schedule 1.6SpinCo Intellectual Property
Schedule 1.7(a)SpinCo Real Property (Owned)
Schedule 1.7(b)SpinCo Real Property (Leases)
Schedule 1.8SpinCo Software
Schedule 1.9SpinCo Technology
Schedule 1.10Transferred Entities
Schedule 1.11Additional Ancillary Agreements
Schedule 2.1(a)Plan of Reorganization
Schedule 2.2(a)(xiii)SpinCo Assets
Schedule 2.2(b)(iii)Parent Intellectual Property
Schedule 2.2(b)(iv)Parent Technology and Software
Schedule 2.2(b)(ix)Parent Assets
Schedule 2.3(a)(vi)SpinCo Liabilities
Schedule 2.3(b)Parent Liabilities
Schedule 2.7(b)(ii)Intercompany Agreements
Schedule 2.8Shared Contracts
Schedule 2.12SpinCo Financing Arrangements
Schedule 4.3(e)Specified Parent Information
Schedule 10.9Allocation of Certain Costs and Expenses
EXHIBITS
Exhibit AAmended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of GXO Logistics, Inc.
Exhibit BAmended and Restated Bylaws of GXO Logistics, Inc.
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SEPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT
This SEPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT, dated as of August 1, 2021 (this “Agreement”), is by and between XPO Logistics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Parent”), and GXO Logistics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“SpinCo”). Capitalized terms used herein and not otherwise defined shall have the respective meanings assigned to them in Article I.
R E C I T A L S
WHEREAS, the board of directors of Parent (the “Parent Board”) has determined that it is in the best interests of Parent and its stockholders to create a new publicly traded company that shall operate the SpinCo Business;
WHEREAS, in furtherance of the foregoing, the Parent Board has determined that it is appropriate and desirable to separate the SpinCo Business from the Parent Business (the “Separation”) and, following the Separation, make a distribution, on a pro rata basis, to holders of Parent Shares on the Record Date of all of the outstanding SpinCo Shares (the “Distribution”);
WHEREAS, SpinCo has been incorporated solely for these purposes and has not engaged in activities, except in connection with the Separation and the Distribution;
WHEREAS, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Contribution and the Distribution, taken together, are intended to qualify as a transaction that is generally tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes under Sections 355 and 368(a)(1)(D) of the Code, and this Agreement is intended to be, and is hereby adopted as, a “plan of reorganization” within the meaning of Treasury Regulations Section 1.368-2(g);
WHEREAS, SpinCo and Parent have prepared, and SpinCo has filed with the SEC, the Form 10, which includes the Information Statement, and which sets forth disclosures concerning SpinCo, the Separation and the Distribution;
WHEREAS, each of Parent and SpinCo has determined that it is appropriate and desirable to set forth the principal corporate transactions required to effect the Separation and the Distribution and certain other agreements that will govern certain matters relating to the Separation and the Distribution and the relationship of Parent, SpinCo and the members of their respective Groups following the Distribution; and
WHEREAS, the Parties acknowledge that this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements represent the integrated agreement of Parent and SpinCo relating to the Separation and the Distribution, are being entered into together, and would not have been entered into independently.
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements, provisions and covenants contained in this Agreement, and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the Parties, intending to be legally bound, hereby agree as follows:



ARTICLE I
DEFINITIONS
For the purpose of this Agreement, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
Action” shall mean any demand, action, claim, dispute, suit, countersuit, arbitration, inquiry, subpoena, proceeding or investigation of any nature (whether criminal, civil, legislative, administrative, regulatory, prosecutorial or otherwise) by or before any federal, state, local, foreign or international Governmental Authority or any arbitration or mediation tribunal.
Affiliate” shall mean, when used with respect to a specified Person, a Person that, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by or is under common control with such specified Person. For the purpose of this definition, “control” (including, with correlative meanings, “controlled by” and “under common control with”), when used with respect to any specified Person shall mean the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities or other interests, by contract, agreement, obligation, indenture, instrument, lease, promise, arrangement, release, warranty, commitment, undertaking or otherwise. It is expressly agreed that, prior to, at and after the Effective Time, solely for purposes of this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements, (a) no member of the SpinCo Group shall be deemed to be an Affiliate of any member of the Parent Group and (b) no member of the Parent Group shall be deemed to be an Affiliate of any member of the SpinCo Group.
Agreement” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.
Ancillary Agreements” shall mean all agreements (other than this Agreement) entered into by the Parties or the members of their respective Groups (but only agreements as to which no Third Party is a party) in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including, but not limited to, the Transition Services Agreement, the Tax Matters Agreement, the Employee Matters Agreement, the Intellectual Property License Agreement, the Transfer Documents and the agreements set forth on Schedule 1.11.
Approvals or Notifications” shall mean any consents, waivers, approvals, permits or authorizations to be obtained from, notices, registrations or reports to be submitted to, or other filings to be made with, any Third Party, including any Governmental Authority.
Arbitration Request” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.3(a).
Assets” shall mean, with respect to any Person, the assets, properties, claims and rights (including goodwill) of such Person, wherever located (including in the possession of vendors or other Third Parties or elsewhere), of every kind, character and description, whether real, personal or mixed, tangible, intangible or contingent, in each case whether or not recorded or reflected or required to be recorded or reflected on the books and records or financial statements of such Person, including rights and benefits pursuant to any contract, license, permit, indenture, note, bond, mortgage, agreement, concession, franchise, instrument, undertaking, commitment, understanding or other arrangement.
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CEO Negotiation Request” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.2.
Cash Transfer” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.12(a).
Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
Contribution” shall have the meaning set forth in the Tax Matters Agreement.
Customer Information” shall mean, with respect to any business, all information to the extent relating to customers of such business, including names, addresses and transaction data (including merchandise or service purchased, purchase price paid, purchase location (such as particular branch or online), date and time of day of purchase, adjustments and related information and means of payment).
Delayed Parent Asset” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(h).
Delayed Parent Liability” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(h).
Delayed SpinCo Asset” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(c).
Delayed SpinCo Liability” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(c).
Disclosure Document” shall mean any registration statement (including the Form 10) filed with the SEC by or on behalf of any Party or any member of its Group, and also includes any information statement (including the Information Statement), prospectus, offering memorandum, offering circular, periodic report or similar disclosure document, whether or not filed with the SEC or any other Governmental Authority, in each case that describes the Separation or the Distribution or the SpinCo Group or primarily relates to the transactions contemplated hereby.
Dispute” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.1.
Distribution” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Distribution Agent” shall mean the trust company or bank duly appointed by Parent to act as distribution agent, transfer agent and registrar for the SpinCo Shares in connection with the Distribution.
Distribution Date” shall mean 12:01 a.m. Eastern Time on August 2, 2021, which is the date of the consummation of the Distribution, which shall be determined by the Parent Board in its sole and absolute discretion.
Distribution Ratio” shall mean a number equal to one (1).
e-mail” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.5.
Effective Time” shall mean 12:01 a.m., New York City time, on the Distribution Date.
Employee Matters Agreement” shall mean the Employee Matters Agreement to be entered into by and between Parent and SpinCo in connection with the Separation, the
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Distribution or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, as it may be amended from time to time.
Environmental Law” shall mean any Law relating to pollution, protection or restoration of or prevention of harm to the environment or natural resources, including the use, handling, transportation, treatment, storage, disposal, Release or discharge of Hazardous Materials or the protection of or prevention of harm to human health and safety.
Environmental Liabilities” shall mean all Liabilities relating to, arising out of or resulting from any Hazardous Materials, Environmental Law or contract or agreement relating to environmental, health or safety matters (including all removal, remediation or cleanup costs, investigatory costs, response costs, natural resources damages, property damages, personal injury damages, costs of compliance with any product take-back requirements or with any settlement, judgment or other determination of Liability and indemnity, contribution or similar obligations) and all costs and expenses, interest, fines, penalties or other monetary sanctions in connection therewith.
Exchange Act” shall mean the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, together with the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
Force Majeure” shall mean, with respect to a Party, an event beyond the reasonable control of such Party (or any Person acting on its behalf), which event (a) does not arise or result from the fault or negligence of such Party (or any Person acting on its behalf) and (b) by its nature would not reasonably have been foreseen by such Party (or such Person), or, if it would reasonably have been foreseen, was unavoidable, and includes acts of God, acts of civil or military authority, embargoes, epidemics, pandemics, war, riots, insurrections, fires, explosions, earthquakes, floods, unusually severe weather conditions, labor problems or unavailability of parts, or, in the case of computer systems, any significant and prolonged failure in electrical or air conditioning equipment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the receipt by a Party of an unsolicited takeover offer or other acquisition proposal, even if unforeseen or unavoidable, and such Party’s response thereto shall not be deemed an event of Force Majeure.
Form 10” shall mean the registration statement on Form 10 filed by SpinCo with the SEC to effect the registration of SpinCo Shares pursuant to the Exchange Act in connection with the Distribution, as such registration statement may be amended or supplemented from time to time prior to the Distribution.
Former Parent Group Employee” shall have the meaning set forth in the Employee Matters Agreement.
Former SpinCo Group Employee” shall have the meaning set forth in the Employee Matters Agreement.
Governmental Approvals” shall mean any Approvals or Notifications to be made to, or obtained from, any Governmental Authority.
Governmental Authority” shall mean any nation or government, any territory, state, municipality or other political subdivision thereof, and any entity, body, agency,
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commission, department, board, bureau, court, tribunal or other instrumentality, whether federal, state, local, domestic, foreign or multinational, exercising executive, legislative, judicial, regulatory, administrative or other similar functions of, or pertaining to, a government and any executive official thereof.
Group” shall mean either the SpinCo Group or the Parent Group, as the context requires.
Hazardous Materials” shall mean any chemical, material, substance, waste, pollutant, emission, discharge, release or contaminant that could result in Liability under, or that is prohibited, limited or regulated by or pursuant to, any Environmental Law, and any natural or artificial substance (whether solid, liquid or gas, noise, ion, vapor or electromagnetic) that could cause harm to human health or the environment, including petroleum, petroleum products and byproducts, asbestos and asbestos-containing materials, urea formaldehyde foam insulation, electronic, medical or infectious wastes, polychlorinated biphenyls, radon gas, radioactive substances, chlorofluorocarbons and all other ozone-depleting substances.
Indemnifying Party” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.4(a).
Indemnitee” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.4(a).
Indemnity Payment” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.4(a).
Information” shall mean information, whether or not patentable or copyrightable, in written, oral, electronic or other tangible or intangible forms, stored in any medium, including studies, reports, records, books, contracts, instruments, surveys, discoveries, ideas, concepts, know-how, techniques, designs, specifications, drawings, blueprints, artwork, design, research and development files, diagrams, models, prototypes, samples, flow charts, data, computer data, disks, diskettes, tapes, computer programs or other software, marketing plans, Customer Information, cost information, sales and pricing data, customer prospect lists, supplier records and vendor data, correspondence and lists, product literature, communications by or to attorneys (including attorney-client privileged communications), memoranda and other materials prepared by attorneys or under their direction (including attorney work product), and other technical, financial, employee or business information or data; provided that “Information” shall not include Intellectual Property Rights.
Information Statement” shall mean the information statement to be made available to the holders of Parent Shares in connection with the Distribution, as such information statement may be amended or supplemented from time to time prior to the Distribution.
Information Technology” means the computer systems (including computers, screens, servers, middleware, workstations, routers, hubs, switches, networks, data communications lines and hardware), network and telecommunications systems hardware and other information technology equipment, and all associated documentation.
Insurance Proceeds” shall mean those monies:
(a)    received by an insured from an insurance carrier; or
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(b)    paid by an insurance carrier on behalf of the insured;
in any such case net of any applicable premium adjustments (including reserves and retrospectively rated premium adjustments) and net of any costs or expenses incurred in the collection thereof; provided that in each case Insurance Proceeds shall not include any monies received or paid from an insurance carrier that is Parent or SpinCo or an Affiliate of either Parent or SpinCo.
Intellectual Property Rights” means any and all common law or statutory rights anywhere in the world arising under or associated with (a) patents, statutory invention registrations, certificates of invention, registered designs, utility models and similar or equivalent rights in inventions and designs, and all rights therein provided by international treaties and conventions, and including any applications for any of the foregoing (“Patents”); (b) trademarks, service marks, slogans, trade dress, trade names, logos, and other designations of origin, and including any applications for any of the foregoing (“Marks”); (c) rights associated with domain names, uniform resource locators, Internet Protocol addresses, social media handles, and other names, identifiers, and locators associated with Internet addresses, sites, and services, and including any applications for any of the foregoing (“Internet Properties”); (d) copyrights, any other equivalent rights in works of authorship or copyrightable subject matter (including rights in software as a work of authorship) and any other related rights of authors, and including any applications for any of the foregoing (“Copyrights”); (d) trade secrets and industrial secret rights, and rights in know-how, inventions, data, and any other confidential or proprietary business or technical information, that derive independent economic value, whether actual or potential, from not being known to other persons (“Trade Secrets”); and (e) other similar or equivalent intellectual property rights anywhere in the world.
Intellectual Property License Agreement” shall mean the Intellectual Property License Agreement to be entered into by and between Parent and SpinCo or members of their respective Groups in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, as it may be amended from time to time.
IRS” shall mean the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.
JAMS Streamlined Rules” has the meaning set forth in Section 7.3.
Law” shall mean any national, supranational, federal, state, territorial, provincial, local or similar law (including common law), statute, code, order, ordinance, rule, regulation, treaty (including any income tax treaty), license, permit, authorization, approval, consent, decree, injunction, binding judicial or administrative interpretation or other requirement, in each case enacted, promulgated, issued or entered by a Governmental Authority.
Liabilities” shall mean all debts, guarantees, assurances, commitments, liabilities, responsibilities, Losses, remediations, deficiencies, damages, fines, penalties, settlements, sanctions, costs, expenses, interest and obligations of any nature or kind, whether accrued or fixed, absolute or contingent, matured or unmatured, accrued or not accrued, asserted or unasserted, liquidated or unliquidated, foreseen or unforeseen, known or unknown, reserved or unreserved, or determined or determinable, including those arising under any Law, claim
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(including any Third-Party Claim), demand, Action, or order, writ, judgment, injunction, decree, stipulation, determination or award entered by or with any Governmental Authority or arbitration tribunal, and those arising under any contract, agreement, obligation, indenture, instrument, lease, promise, arrangement, release, warranty, commitment or undertaking, or any fines, damages or equitable relief that is imposed, in each case, including all costs and expenses relating thereto.
Linked” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.9(a).
Losses” shall mean actual losses (including any diminution in value), costs, damages, penalties and expenses (including legal and accounting fees and expenses and costs of investigation and litigation), whether or not involving a Third-Party Claim.
NYSE” shall mean the New York Stock Exchange.
Officer Negotiation Request” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.1.
Parent” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.
Parent Accounts” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.9(a).
Parent Assets” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(b).
Parent Board” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Parent Business” shall mean all businesses, operations and activities (whether or not such businesses, operations or activities are or have been terminated, divested or discontinued) conducted at any time prior to the Effective Time by either Party or any member of its Group, other than the SpinCo Business.
Parent Group” shall mean Parent and each Person that is a Subsidiary of Parent (other than SpinCo and any other member of the SpinCo Group).
Parent Group Employee” shall have the meaning set forth in the Employee Matters Agreement.
Parent Indemnitees” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.2.
Parent Liabilities” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.3(b).
Parent Names” means the names, Marks or logos of Parent or any of its Affiliates at any time prior to the Effective Time, or any variations or derivatives thereof, either alone or in combination with other words and any names, Marks or logos confusingly similar to or embodying any of the foregoing, in each case other than those names, Marks or logos set forth on Schedule 1.1. For the avoidance of doubt and notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the “XPO” name, Mark and logo, including any variations or derivatives thereof, either alone or in combination with other words, shall be part of the Parent Names.
Parent Policies” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.1(b).
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Parent Shares” shall mean the shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of Parent.
Parties” shall mean the parties to this Agreement.
Permits” shall mean any permits, approvals, authorizations, consents, licenses or certificates issued by any Governmental Authority.
Person” shall mean an individual, a general or limited partnership, a corporation, a trust, a joint venture, an unincorporated organization, a limited liability entity, any other entity and any Governmental Authority.
Plan of Reorganization” shall mean the plan and structure set forth on Schedule 2.1(a).
Policies” shall mean insurance policies, reinsurance policies and insurance contracts of any kind, including property, excess and umbrella, commercial general liability, director and officer liability, fiduciary liability, cyber technology, professional liability, libel liability, employment practices liability, automobile, aircraft, marine, workers’ compensation and employers’ liability, employee dishonesty/crime/fidelity, foreign, bonds and self-insurance and captive insurance company arrangements, together with the rights, benefits, privileges and obligations thereunder.
Prime Rate” shall mean the rate that Bloomberg displays as “Prime Rate by Country United States” or “Prime Rate by Country US-BB Comp” at
http://www.bloomberg.com/quote/PRIME:IND or on a Bloomberg terminal at PRIMBB Index.
Privileged Information” shall mean any information, in written, oral, electronic or other tangible or intangible forms, including any communications by or to attorneys (including attorney-client privileged communications), memoranda and other materials prepared by attorneys or under their direction (including attorney work product), as to which a Party or any member of its Group would be entitled to assert or have asserted a privilege or other protection, including the attorney-client and attorney work product privileges.
Prohibited Business” shall mean (i) with respect to any member of the Parent Group, the SpinCo Business (excluding any services that are ancillary to the core Parent Business (including any natural extensions thereof) as conducted as of the Effective Time; and (ii) with respect to any member of the SpinCo Group, the Parent Business (excluding any services that are ancillary to the core SpinCo Business (including any natural extensions thereof)) as conducted as of the Effective Time.
Real Property” shall mean land together with all easements, rights and interests arising out of the ownership thereof or appurtenant thereto and all buildings, structures, improvements and fixtures located thereon.
Real Property Leases” shall mean all leases to Real Property and, to the extent covered by such leases, any and all buildings, structures, improvements and fixtures located thereon.
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Record Date” shall mean the close of business on July 23, 2021, which is the date to be determined by the Parent Board in its sole and absolute discretion as the record date for determining holders of Parent Shares entitled to receive SpinCo Shares pursuant to the Distribution.
Record Holders” shall mean the holders of record of Parent Shares as of the Record Date.
Registered IP” shall mean all United States, international or foreign (a) Patents and Patent applications; (b) registered Marks and applications to register Marks; (c) registered Copyrights and applications for Copyright registration; and (d) registered Internet Properties.
Release” shall mean any release, spill, emission, discharge, leaking, pumping, pouring, dumping, injection, deposit, disposal, dispersal, leaching or migration of Hazardous Materials into the environment (including ambient air, surface water, groundwater and surface or subsurface strata).
Representatives” shall mean, with respect to any Person, any of such Person’s directors, officers, employees, agents, consultants, advisors, accountants, attorneys or other representatives.
SEC” shall mean the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Security Interest” shall mean any mortgage, security interest, pledge, lien, charge, claim, option, right to acquire, voting or other restriction, right-of-way, covenant, condition, easement, encroachment, restriction on transfer, or other encumbrance of any nature whatsoever.
Separation” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Shared Contract” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(a).
Software” shall mean any and all (a) computer programs, including any and all software implementation of algorithms, models and methodologies, whether in source code, object code, human readable form or other form, (b) databases and compilations, including any and all data and collections of data, whether machine readable or otherwise, (c) descriptions, flow charts and other work products used to design, plan, organize and develop any of the foregoing, (d) screens, user interfaces, report formats, firmware, development tools, templates, menus, buttons and icons and (e) documentation, including user manuals and other training documentation, relating to any of the foregoing.
SpinCo” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.
SpinCo Accounts” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.9(a).
SpinCo Assets” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a).
SpinCo Balance Sheet” shall mean the pro forma combined balance sheet of the SpinCo Business, including any notes and subledgers thereto, as of March 31, 2021, as presented in the Information Statement made available to the Record Holders.
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SpinCo Business” shall mean the contract logistics business and operations of Parent and its relevant Subsidiaries, as such business and operations are described in the “Logistics” segment of Parent in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 and conducted at any time prior to the Effective Time by either Party or any of their current or former Subsidiaries. For the avoidance of doubt, the SpinCo Business shall include only the business and operations described in the immediately prior sentence, and shall not include any other businesses or operations of Parent or any of its Subsidiaries.
SpinCo Bylaws” shall mean the Amended and Restated Bylaws of SpinCo, substantially in the form of Exhibit B.
SpinCo Certificate of Incorporation” shall mean the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of SpinCo, substantially in the form of Exhibit A.
SpinCo Contracts” shall mean the following contracts and agreements to which either Party or any member of its Group is a party or by which it or any member of its Group or any of their respective Assets is bound, whether or not in writing (provided that SpinCo Contracts shall not include any contract or agreement that is contemplated to be retained by Parent or any member of the Parent Group from and after the Effective Time pursuant to any provision of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement):
(i)    (x) any customer, distribution, supply or vendor contract or agreement with a Third Party entered into prior to the Effective Time exclusively related to the SpinCo Business and (y) with respect to any customer, distribution, supply or vendor contract or agreement with a Third Party entered into prior to the Effective Time that primarily relates to the SpinCo Business but is not exclusively related to the SpinCo Business, that portion of any such customer, distribution, supply or vendor contract or agreement to the extent related to the SpinCo Business;
(ii)    (x) any license agreement entered into prior to the Effective Time exclusively related to the SpinCo Business and (y) with respect to any license agreement entered into prior to the Effective Time that primarily relates to the SpinCo Business but is not exclusively related to the SpinCo Business, that portion of any such license agreement to the extent related to the SpinCo Business;
(iii)    any guarantee, indemnity, representation, covenant, warranty or other Liability of either Party or any member of its Group in respect of any other SpinCo Contract, any SpinCo Liability or the SpinCo Business;
(iv)    any proprietary information and inventions agreement or similar agreement assigning or licensing Intellectual Property Rights with any SpinCo Group Employee, Former SpinCo Group Employee, Parent Group Employee, Former Parent Group Employee, current or former consultant of the SpinCo Group or current or former consultant of the Parent Group, in each case entered into prior to the Effective Time (x) that is exclusively related to the SpinCo Business or (y) if not exclusively related to the SpinCo Business but is primarily related to the SpinCo Business, that portion of any such assignment or agreement to the extent related to the SpinCo Business;
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(v)    any contract or agreement that is entered into pursuant to this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements to be assigned to SpinCo or any member of the SpinCo Group;
(vi)    any interest rate, currency, commodity or other swap, collar, cap or other hedging or similar agreements or arrangements exclusively related to the SpinCo Business;
(vii)    any credit agreement, indenture, note or other financing agreement or instrument entered into by SpinCo and/or any member of the SpinCo Group in connection with the Separation, including any SpinCo Financing Arrangements;
(viii)    any contract or agreement entered into in the name of, or expressly on behalf of, any division, business unit or member of the SpinCo Group, in each case so long as primarily related to the SpinCo Business;
(ix)    any other contract or agreement not otherwise set forth herein and exclusively related to the SpinCo Business or SpinCo Assets;
(x)    any employment, change of control, retention, consulting, indemnification, termination, severance or other similar agreements with any SpinCo Group Employee or consultants of the SpinCo Group that are in effect as of the Effective Time;
(xi)    SpinCo Leases; and
(xii)    any contracts, agreements or settlements set forth on Schedule 1.4, including the right to recover any amounts under such contracts, agreements or settlements.
SpinCo Debt” shall have the meeting set forth in Section 2.12(a).
SpinCo Designees” shall mean any and all entities (including corporations, general or limited partnerships, trusts, joint ventures, unincorporated organizations, limited liability entities or other entities) designated by Parent that will be members of the SpinCo Group as of immediately prior to the Effective Time.
SpinCo Financing Arrangements” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.12(a).
SpinCo Group” shall mean (a) prior to the Effective Time, SpinCo and each Person that will be a Subsidiary of SpinCo as of immediately after the Effective Time, including the Transferred Entities, even if, prior to the Effective Time, such Person is not a Subsidiary of SpinCo; and (b) on and after the Effective Time, SpinCo and each Person that is a Subsidiary of SpinCo.
SpinCo Group Employee” shall have the meaning set forth in the Employee Matters Agreement.
SpinCo Indemnitees” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.3.
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SpinCo Intellectual Property” shall mean (i) all Intellectual Property Rights (other than Registered IP) owned by either Party or any member of its Group as of the Effective Time and embodied in Technology exclusively used or exclusively held for use in the SpinCo Business, and (ii) any Intellectual Property Rights set forth on Schedule 1.6.
SpinCo IT” shall mean all Information Technology owned by either Party or any member of its Group as of the Effective Time exclusively used or exclusively held for use in the SpinCo Business.
SpinCo Leases” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of SpinCo Real Property; provided that SpinCo IT does not include any Software licensed from a third party.
SpinCo Liabilities” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.3(a).
SpinCo Permits” shall mean all Permits owned or licensed by either Party or any member of its Group primarily used or held for use in the SpinCo Business as of the Effective Time.
SpinCo Real Property” shall mean (a) all of the Real Property owned by either Party or member of its Group as of immediately prior to the Effective Time listed or described on Schedule 1.7(a), (b) the Real Property Leases to which either Party or member of its Group is party as of immediately prior to the Effective Time set forth on Schedule 1.7(b) (“SpinCo Leases”) and (c) all recorded Real Property notices, easements and obligations with respect to the Real Property and/or Real Property Leases described in clauses (a) and (b) of this paragraph.
SpinCo Shares” shall mean the shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of SpinCo.
SpinCo Technology” shall mean (a) the copies of Technology with respect to which the Intellectual Property Rights therein are owned by either Party or any member of its Group to the extent that such Technology is (i) used or held for use in the SpinCo Business as of the Effective Time and capable of being copied (for example documentation), including Software set forth on Schedule 1.8 and Technology set forth on Schedule 1.9, and (b) the know-how of the SpinCo Group Employees to the extent related to the SpinCo Business, but in each case, excluding Technology and Software set forth on Schedule 2.2(b)(iv), Information Technology and Tangible Information. For purposes of clarity, SpinCo Technology does not include any Intellectual Property Rights.
Subsidiary” shall mean, with respect to any Person, any corporation, limited liability company, joint venture or partnership of which such Person (a) beneficially owns, either directly or indirectly, more than fifty percent (50%) of (i) the total combined voting power of all classes of voting securities, (ii) the total combined equity interests or (iii) the capital or profit interests, in the case of a partnership, or (b) otherwise has the power to vote, either directly or indirectly, sufficient securities to elect a majority of the board of directors or similar governing body.
Tangible Information” shall mean information that is contained in written, electronic or other tangible forms.
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Target Cash Amount” shall mean one hundred million ($100,000,000) U.S. dollars.
Tax” shall have the meaning set forth in the Tax Matters Agreement.
Tax Authority” shall have the meaning set forth in the Tax Matters Agreement.
Tax Matters Agreement” shall mean the Tax Matters Agreement to be entered into by and between Parent and SpinCo in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, as it may be amended from time to time.
Tax Return” shall have the meaning set forth in the Tax Matters Agreement.
Technology” shall mean embodiments of Intellectual Property Rights, including blueprints, designs, design protocols, documentation, specifications for materials, specifications for parts and devices, and design tools, materials, manuals, data, databases, Software and know-how or knowledge of employees, relating to, embodying, or describing products, articles, apparatus, devices, processes, methods, formulae, recipes or other technical information; provided that Technology shall not include personal property and books and records or any Intellectual Property Rights.
Third Party” shall mean any Person other than the Parties or any members of their respective Groups.
Third-Party Claim” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.5(a).
Transfer Documents” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1(b).
Transferred Entities” shall mean the entities set forth on Schedule 1.10.
Transition Services Agreement” shall mean the Transition Services Agreement to be entered into by and between Parent and SpinCo in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, as it may be amended from time to time.
Unreleased Parent Liability” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.5(b)(ii).
Unreleased SpinCo Liability” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.5(a)(ii).
ARTICLE II
THE SEPARATION
2.1    Transfer of Assets and Assumption of Liabilities.
(a)    On or prior to the Effective Time, but in any case prior to the Distribution, in accordance with the Plan of Reorganization:
(i)    Transfer and Assignment of SpinCo Assets. Parent shall, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to, contribute, assign, transfer, convey and
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deliver to SpinCo, or the applicable SpinCo Designees, and SpinCo or such SpinCo Designees shall accept from Parent and the applicable members of the Parent Group, all of Parent’s and such Parent Group member’s respective direct or indirect right, title and interest in and to all of the SpinCo Assets (it being understood that if any SpinCo Asset shall be held by a Transferred Entity, such SpinCo Asset shall be deemed assigned, transferred, conveyed and delivered to SpinCo as a result of the transfer of all of the equity interests in such Transferred Entity from Parent or the applicable members of the Parent Group to SpinCo or the applicable SpinCo Designee);
(ii)    Acceptance and Assumption of SpinCo Liabilities. SpinCo and the applicable SpinCo Designees shall accept, assume and agree faithfully to perform, discharge and fulfill all the SpinCo Liabilities in accordance with their respective terms (it being understood that if any SpinCo Liabilities shall be Liabilities of a Transferred Entity, such SpinCo Liabilities shall be deemed assumed by SpinCo as a result of the transfer of all of the equity interests in such Transferred Entity from Parent or the applicable members of the Parent Group to SpinCo or the applicable SpinCo Designee). SpinCo and such SpinCo Designees shall be responsible for all SpinCo Liabilities, regardless of when or where such SpinCo Liabilities arose or arise, or whether the facts on which they are based occurred prior to or subsequent to the Effective Time, regardless of where or against whom such SpinCo Liabilities are asserted or determined (including any SpinCo Liabilities arising out of claims made by Parent’s or SpinCo’s respective directors, officers, employees, agents, Subsidiaries or Affiliates against any member of the Parent Group or the SpinCo Group) or whether asserted or determined prior to the date hereof, and regardless of whether arising from or alleged to arise from negligence, recklessness, violation of Law, fraud or misrepresentation by any member of the Parent Group or the SpinCo Group, or any of their respective directors, officers, employees, agents, Subsidiaries or Affiliates;
(iii)    Transfer and Assignment of Parent Assets. Parent and SpinCo shall cause SpinCo and the SpinCo Designees to contribute, assign, transfer, convey and deliver to Parent or certain members of the Parent Group designated by Parent, and Parent or such other members of the Parent Group shall accept from SpinCo and the SpinCo Designees, all of SpinCo’s and such SpinCo Designees’ respective direct or indirect right, title and interest in and to all Parent Assets held by SpinCo or a SpinCo Designee; and
(iv)    Acceptance and Assumption of Parent Liabilities. Parent and certain members of the Parent Group designated by Parent shall accept and assume and agree faithfully to perform, discharge and fulfill all of the Parent Liabilities held by SpinCo or any SpinCo Designee and Parent and the applicable members of the Parent Group shall be responsible for all Parent Liabilities in accordance with their respective terms, regardless of when or where such Parent Liabilities arose or arise, whether the facts on which they are based occurred prior to or subsequent to the Effective Time, where or against whom such Parent Liabilities are asserted or determined (including any such Parent Liabilities arising out of claims made by Parent’s or SpinCo’s respective directors, officers, employees, agents, Subsidiaries or Affiliates against any member of
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the Parent Group or the SpinCo Group) or whether asserted or determined prior to the date hereof, and regardless of whether arising from or alleged to arise from negligence, recklessness, violation of Law, fraud or misrepresentation by any member of the Parent Group or the SpinCo Group, or any of their respective directors, officers, employees, agents, Subsidiaries or Affiliates.
(b)    Transfer Documents. In furtherance of the contribution, assignment, transfer, conveyance and delivery of the Assets and the assumption of the Liabilities in accordance with Section 2.1(a), (i) each Party shall execute and deliver, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to execute and deliver, to the other Party, such bills of sale, quitclaim deeds, stock powers, certificates of title, assignments of contracts and other instruments of transfer, conveyance and assignment as and to the extent necessary to evidence the transfer, conveyance and assignment of all of such Party’s and the applicable members of its Group’s right, title and interest in and to such Assets to the other Party and the applicable members of its Group in accordance with Section 2.1(a), and (ii) each Party shall execute and deliver, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to execute and deliver, to the other Party, such assumptions of contracts and other instruments of assumption as and to the extent necessary to evidence the valid and effective assumption of the Liabilities by such Party and the applicable members of its Group in accordance with Section 2.1(a). All of the foregoing documents contemplated by this Section 2.1(b) shall be referred to collectively herein as the “Transfer Documents.”
(c)    Misallocations. In the event that at any time or from time to time (whether prior to, at or after the Effective Time), one Party (or any member of such Party’s Group) shall receive or otherwise possess any Asset that is allocated to the other Party (or any member of such Party’s Group) pursuant to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, such Party shall promptly transfer, or cause to be transferred, such Asset to the Party so entitled thereto (or to any member of such Party’s Group), and such Party (or member of such Party’s Group) so entitled thereto shall accept such Asset; provided that, cash and cash equivalents received prior to the Effective Time shall not be subject to the requirements of this sentence. Prior to any such transfer, the Person receiving or possessing such Asset shall hold such Asset in trust for such other Person. In the event that at any time or from time to time (whether prior to, at or after the Effective Time), one Party hereto (or any member of such Party’s Group) shall receive or otherwise assume or be liable for any Liability that is allocated to the other Party (or any member of such Party’s Group) pursuant to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, such other Party shall promptly assume, or cause to be assumed, such Liability and agree to faithfully perform or discharge such Liability in accordance with this Agreement.
(d)    Waiver of Bulk-Sale and Bulk-Transfer Laws. To the extent permissible under applicable Law, SpinCo hereby waives compliance by each and every member of the Parent Group with the requirements and provisions of any “bulk-sale” or “bulk-transfer” Laws of any jurisdiction that may otherwise be applicable with respect to the transfer or sale of any or all of the SpinCo Assets to any member of the SpinCo Group. To the extent permissible under applicable Law, Parent hereby waives compliance by each and every member of the SpinCo Group with the requirements and provisions of any “bulk-sale” or “bulk-transfer” Laws of any
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jurisdiction that may otherwise be applicable with respect to the transfer or sale of any or all of the Parent Assets to any member of the Parent Group.
(e)    Electronic Transfer. All transferred SpinCo Assets and Parent Assets, including transferred Technology, that can be delivered by electronic transmission will be so delivered or made available to SpinCo, Parent or their respective designees (as applicable), in an electronic form to be reasonably determined by the Parties.
2.2    SpinCo Assets; Parent Assets.
(a)    SpinCo Assets. For the purposes of this Agreement, “SpinCo Assets” shall mean:
(i)    all issued and outstanding capital stock or other equity interests of the Transferred Entities that are owned by either Party or any members of its Group as of the Effective Time;
(ii)    except as otherwise contemplated or set forth in this Section 2.2(a), all Assets of either Party or any members of its Group included or reflected as assets of the SpinCo Group on the SpinCo Balance Sheet, subject to any dispositions of such Assets subsequent to the date of the SpinCo Balance Sheet; provided that the amounts set forth on the SpinCo Balance Sheet with respect to any Assets shall not be treated as minimum amounts or limitations on the amount of such Assets that are included in the definition of SpinCo Assets pursuant to this clause (ii);
(iii)    except as otherwise contemplated or set forth in this Section 2.2(a), all Assets of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time that are of a nature or type that would have resulted in such Assets being included as Assets of SpinCo or members of the SpinCo Group on a pro forma combined balance sheet of the SpinCo Group or any notes or subledgers thereto as of the Effective Time (were such balance sheet, notes and subledgers to be prepared on a basis consistent with the determination of the Assets included on the SpinCo Balance Sheet), it being understood that (x) the SpinCo Balance Sheet shall be used to determine the types of, and methodologies used to determine, those Assets that are included in the definition of SpinCo Assets pursuant to this clause (iii) and (y) the amounts set forth on the SpinCo Balance Sheet with respect to any Assets shall not be treated as minimum amounts or limitations on the amount of such Assets that are included in the definition of SpinCo Assets pursuant to this clause (iii);
(iv)    all Assets of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time that are expressly provided by this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement as Assets to be transferred to SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group;
(v)    all SpinCo Contracts as of the Effective Time and all rights, interests or claims of either Party or any of the members of its Group thereunder as of the Effective Time;
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(vi)    the SpinCo Intellectual Property as of the Effective Time, including any goodwill appurtenant to any Trademarks included in the SpinCo Intellectual Property and the right to any damages for the infringement of the SpinCo Intellectual Property following the Effective Time;
(vii)    the SpinCo IT and SpinCo Technology as of the Effective Time;
(viii)    all SpinCo Permits as of the Effective Time and all rights, interests or claims of either Party or any of the members of its Group thereunder as of the Effective Time;
(ix)    all cash and cash equivalents of SpinCo or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time (after giving effect to the Cash Transfer) in an amount equal to the Target Cash Amount;
(x)    all SpinCo Real Property as of the Effective Time;
(xi)    all Assets of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time that are exclusively related to the SpinCo Business;
(xii)    all rights, interests and claims of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time with respect to Information exclusively related to the SpinCo Assets, the SpinCo Liabilities, the SpinCo Business or the Transferred Entities and, subject to the provisions of the applicable Ancillary Agreements, a non-exclusive right to all Information to the extent related to, but not exclusively related to, the SpinCo Assets, the SpinCo Liabilities, the SpinCo Business or the Transferred Entities; and
(xiii)    any and all Assets set forth on Schedule 2.2(a)(xiii).
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the SpinCo Assets shall not in any event include any Asset referred to in clauses (i) through (vii) of Section 2.2(b).
(b)    Parent Assets. For the purposes of this Agreement, “Parent Assets” shall mean all Assets of either Party or the members of its Group as of the Effective Time, other than the SpinCo Assets, it being understood that, notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Parent Assets shall include:
(i)    all Assets that are expressly provided or contemplated by this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement (or the Schedules hereto or thereto) as Assets to be retained by Parent or any other member of the Parent Group;
(ii)    all contracts and agreements of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time (other than the SpinCo Contracts);
(iii)    (x) the Intellectual Property Rights set forth on Schedule 2.2(b)(iii), and (y) all Intellectual Property Rights of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time (other than, in the case of this clause (y), the SpinCo Intellectual Property);
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(iv)    (x) the Technology set forth on Schedule 2.2(b)(iv), (y) all Technology of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time and (z) copies of all SpinCo Technology, other than, in the case of this clauses (y) and (z), the copies of such Technology that are SpinCo Technology;
(v)    all Information Technology of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time (other than the SpinCo IT);
(vi)    all Permits of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time (other than the SpinCo Permits);
(vii)    all cash and cash equivalents of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time (including cash in respect of the Cash Transfer) (other than cash and cash equivalents of SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group as of the Effective Time in an aggregate amount equal to the Target Cash Amount);
(viii)    all Real Property of either Party or any of the members of its Group as of the Effective Time (other than the SpinCo Real Property); and
(ix)    any and all Assets set forth on Schedule 2.2(b)(ix).
2.3    SpinCo Liabilities; Parent Liabilities.
(a)    SpinCo Liabilities. For the purposes of this Agreement, “SpinCo Liabilities” shall mean the following Liabilities of either Party or any of the members of its Group:
(i)    all Liabilities included or reflected as liabilities or obligations of SpinCo or the members of the SpinCo Group on the SpinCo Balance Sheet, subject to any discharge of such Liabilities subsequent to the date of the SpinCo Balance Sheet; provided that the amounts set forth on the SpinCo Balance Sheet with respect to any Liabilities shall not be treated as minimum amounts or limitations on the amount of such Liabilities that are included in the definition of SpinCo Liabilities pursuant to this clause (i);
(ii)    all Liabilities as of the Effective Time that are of a nature or type that would have resulted in such Liabilities being included or reflected as liabilities or obligations of SpinCo or the members of the SpinCo Group on a pro forma combined balance sheet of the SpinCo Group or any notes or subledgers thereto as of the Effective Time (were such balance sheet, notes and subledgers to be prepared on a basis consistent with the determination of the Liabilities included on the SpinCo Balance Sheet), it being understood that (x) the SpinCo Balance Sheet shall be used to determine the types of, and methodologies used to determine, those Liabilities that are included in the definition of SpinCo Liabilities pursuant to this clause (ii) and (y) the amounts set forth on the SpinCo Balance Sheet with respect to any Liabilities shall not be treated as minimum amounts or limitations on the amount of such Liabilities that are included in the definition of SpinCo Liabilities pursuant to this clause (ii);
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(iii)    all Liabilities, including any Environmental Liabilities, to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the actions, inactions, events, omissions, conditions, facts or circumstances occurring or existing prior to the Effective Time (whether or not such Liabilities cease being contingent, mature, become known, are asserted or foreseen, or accrue, in each case before, at or after the Effective Time), in each case to the extent that such Liabilities relate to, arise out of or result from the SpinCo Business or a SpinCo Asset;
(iv)    any and all Liabilities that are expressly provided by this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement (or the Schedules hereto or thereto) as Liabilities to be assumed by SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group, and all agreements, obligations and Liabilities of any member of the SpinCo Group under this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements;
(v)    all Liabilities to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the SpinCo Contracts, the SpinCo Intellectual Property, the SpinCo Technology, the SpinCo Permits, the SpinCo Real Property or the SpinCo Financing Arrangements;
(vi)    any and all Liabilities set forth on Schedule 2.3(a)(vi); and
(vii)    all Liabilities arising out of claims made by any Third Party (including Parent’s or SpinCo’s respective directors, officers, stockholders, employees and agents) against any member of the Parent Group or the SpinCo Group to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the SpinCo Business or the SpinCo Assets or the other business, operations, activities or Liabilities of SpinCo referred to in clauses (i) through (vi) above.
(b)    Parent Liabilities. For the purposes of this Agreement, “Parent Liabilities” shall mean (i) all Liabilities to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from actions, inactions, events, omissions, conditions, facts or circumstances occurring or existing prior to the Effective Time (whether or not such Liabilities cease being contingent, mature, become known, are asserted or foreseen, or accrue, in each case before, at or after the Effective Time) of any member of the Parent Group and, prior to the Effective Time, any member of the SpinCo Group, in each case that are not SpinCo Liabilities, including any and all Liabilities set forth on Schedule 2.3(b), and (ii) all Liabilities arising out of claims made by any Third Party (including Parent’s or SpinCo’s respective directors, officers, stockholders, employees and agents) against any member of the Parent Group or the SpinCo Group to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the Parent Business or the Parent Assets.
2.4    Approvals and Notifications.
(a)    Approvals and Notifications for SpinCo Assets and Liabilities. To the extent that the transfer or assignment of any SpinCo Asset, the assumption of any SpinCo Liability, the Separation or the Distribution requires any Approvals or Notifications, the Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain or make such Approvals or Notifications as soon as reasonably practicable; provided, however, that, except to the extent expressly provided in this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements or as otherwise agreed in writing between
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Parent and SpinCo, neither Parent nor SpinCo shall be obligated to contribute capital or pay any consideration in any form (including providing any letter of credit, guaranty or other financial accommodation) to any Person in order to obtain or make such Approvals or Notifications.
(b)    Delayed SpinCo Transfers. If and to the extent that the valid, complete and perfected transfer or assignment to the SpinCo Group of any SpinCo Asset or assumption by the SpinCo Group of any SpinCo Liability in connection with the Separation or the Distribution would be a violation of applicable Law or require any Approval or Notification that has not been obtained or made by the Effective Time then, unless the Parties shall otherwise mutually determine, the transfer or assignment to the SpinCo Group of such SpinCo Assets or the assumption by the SpinCo Group of such SpinCo Liabilities, as the case may be, shall be automatically deemed deferred and any such purported transfer, assignment or assumption shall be null and void until such time as all legal impediments are removed or such Approval or Notification has been obtained or made. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any such SpinCo Assets or SpinCo Liabilities shall continue to constitute SpinCo Assets and SpinCo Liabilities for all other purposes of this Agreement.
(c)    Treatment of Delayed SpinCo Assets and Delayed SpinCo Liabilities. If any transfer or assignment of any SpinCo Asset (or a portion thereof) or any assumption of any SpinCo Liability (or a portion thereof) intended to be transferred, assigned or assumed hereunder, as the case may be, is not consummated on or prior to the Effective Time, whether as a result of the provisions of Section 2.4(b) or for any other reason (any such SpinCo Asset (or a portion thereof), a “Delayed SpinCo Asset” and any such SpinCo Liability (or a portion thereof), a “Delayed SpinCo Liability”), then, insofar as reasonably possible and subject to applicable Law, the member of the Parent Group retaining such Delayed SpinCo Asset or such Delayed SpinCo Liability, as the case may be, shall thereafter hold such Delayed SpinCo Asset or Delayed SpinCo Liability, as the case may be, for the use and benefit of the member of the SpinCo Group entitled thereto (at the expense of the member of the SpinCo Group entitled thereto). In addition, the member of the Parent Group retaining such Delayed SpinCo Asset or such Delayed SpinCo Liability shall, insofar as reasonably possible and to the extent permitted by applicable Law, treat such Delayed SpinCo Asset or Delayed SpinCo Liability in the ordinary course of business in accordance with SpinCo Group past practice and take such other actions as may be reasonably requested by the member of the SpinCo Group to whom such Delayed SpinCo Asset is to be transferred or assigned, or which will assume such Delayed SpinCo Liability, as the case may be, in order to place such member of the SpinCo Group in a substantially similar position as if such Delayed SpinCo Asset or Delayed SpinCo Liability had been transferred, assigned or assumed as contemplated hereby and so that all the benefits and burdens relating to such Delayed SpinCo Asset or Delayed SpinCo Liability, as the case may be, including use, risk of loss, potential for gain, and dominion, control and command over such Delayed SpinCo Asset or Delayed SpinCo Liability, as the case may be, and all costs and expenses related thereto, shall inure from and after the Effective Time to the SpinCo Group.
(d)    Transfer of Delayed SpinCo Assets and Delayed SpinCo Liabilities. If and when the Approvals or Notifications, the absence of which caused the deferral of transfer or assignment of any Delayed SpinCo Asset or the deferral of assumption of any Delayed SpinCo Liability pursuant to Section 2.4(b), are obtained or made, and, if and when any other legal
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impediments for the transfer or assignment of any Delayed SpinCo Asset or the assumption of any Delayed SpinCo Liability have been removed, the transfer or assignment of the applicable Delayed SpinCo Asset or the assumption of the applicable Delayed SpinCo Liability, as the case may be, shall be effected in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and/or the applicable Ancillary Agreement.
(e)    Costs for Delayed SpinCo Assets and Delayed SpinCo Liabilities. Any member of the Parent Group retaining a Delayed SpinCo Asset or Delayed SpinCo Liability due to the deferral of the transfer or assignment of such Delayed SpinCo Asset or the deferral of the assumption of such Delayed SpinCo Liability, as the case may be, shall not be obligated, in connection with the foregoing, to expend any money, unless the necessary funds are advanced (or otherwise made available) by SpinCo or the member of the SpinCo Group entitled to the Delayed SpinCo Asset or Delayed SpinCo Liability, other than reasonable out-of-pocket expenses, attorneys’ fees and recording or similar fees, all of which shall be promptly reimbursed by SpinCo or the member of the SpinCo Group entitled to such Delayed SpinCo Asset or Delayed SpinCo Liability.
(f)    Approvals and Notifications for Parent Assets and Liabilities. To the extent that the transfer or assignment of any Parent Asset, the assumption of any Parent Liability, the Separation or the Distribution requires any Approvals or Notifications, the Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain or make such Approvals or Notifications as soon as reasonably practicable; provided, however, that, except to the extent expressly provided in this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements or as otherwise agreed in writing between Parent and SpinCo, neither Parent nor SpinCo shall be obligated to contribute capital or pay any consideration in any form (including providing any letter of credit, guaranty or other financial accommodation) to any Person in order to obtain or make such Approvals or Notifications.
(g)    Delayed Parent Transfers. If and to the extent that the valid, complete and perfected transfer or assignment to the Parent Group of any Parent Asset or assumption by the Parent Group of any Parent Liability in connection with the Separation or the Distribution would be a violation of applicable Law or require any Approval or Notification that has not been obtained or made by the Effective Time then, unless the Parties shall otherwise mutually determine, the transfer or assignment to the Parent Group of such Parent Assets or the assumption by the Parent Group of such Parent Liabilities, as the case may be, shall be automatically deemed deferred and any such purported transfer, assignment or assumption shall be null and void until such time as all legal impediments are removed or such Approval or Notification has been obtained or made. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any such Parent Assets or Parent Liabilities shall continue to constitute Parent Assets and Parent Liabilities for all other purposes of this Agreement.
(h)    Treatment of Delayed Parent Assets and Delayed Parent Liabilities. If any transfer or assignment of any Parent Asset (or a portion thereof) or any assumption of any Parent Liability (or a portion thereof) intended to be transferred, assigned or assumed hereunder, as the case may be, is not consummated on or prior to the Effective Time whether as a result of the provisions of Section 2.4(g) or for any other reason (any such Parent Asset (or a portion thereof), a “Delayed Parent Asset” and any such Parent Liability (or a portion thereof), a
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Delayed Parent Liability”), then, insofar as reasonably possible and subject to applicable Law, the member of the SpinCo Group retaining such Delayed Parent Asset or such Delayed Parent Liability, as the case may be, shall thereafter hold such Delayed Parent Asset or Delayed Parent Liability, as the case may be, for the use and benefit of the member of the Parent Group entitled thereto (at the expense of the member of the Parent Group entitled thereto). In addition, the member of the SpinCo Group retaining such Delayed Parent Asset or such Delayed Parent Liability shall, insofar as reasonably possible and to the extent permitted by applicable Law, treat such Delayed Parent Asset or Delayed Parent Liability in the ordinary course of business in accordance with Parent Group past practice and take such other actions as may be reasonably requested by the member of the Parent Group to which such Delayed Parent Asset is to be transferred or assigned, or which will assume such Delayed Parent Liability, as the case may be, in order to place such member of the Parent Group in a substantially similar position as if such Delayed Parent Asset or Delayed Parent Liability had been transferred, assigned or assumed and so that all the benefits and burdens relating to such Delayed Parent Asset or Delayed Parent Liability, as the case may be, including use, risk of loss, potential for gain, and dominion, control and command over such Delayed Parent Asset or Delayed Parent Liability, as the case may be, and all costs and expenses related thereto, shall inure from and after the Effective Time to the Parent Group.
(i)    Transfer of Delayed Parent Assets and Delayed Parent Liabilities. If and when the Approvals or Notifications, the absence of which caused the deferral of transfer or assignment of any Delayed Parent Asset or the deferral of assumption of any Delayed Parent Liability pursuant to Section 2.4(g), are obtained or made, and, if and when any other legal impediments for the transfer or assignment of any Delayed Parent Asset or the assumption of any Delayed Parent Liability have been removed, the transfer or assignment of the applicable Delayed Parent Asset or the assumption of the applicable Delayed Parent Liability, as the case may be, shall be effected in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and/or the applicable Ancillary Agreement.
(j)    Costs for Delayed Parent Assets and Delayed Parent Liabilities. Any member of the SpinCo Group retaining a Delayed Parent Asset or Delayed Parent Liability due to the deferral of the transfer or assignment of such Delayed Parent Asset or the deferral of the assumption of such Delayed Parent Liability, as the case may be, shall not be obligated, in connection with the foregoing, to expend any money, unless the necessary funds are advanced (or otherwise made available) by Parent or the member of the Parent Group entitled to the Delayed Parent Asset or Delayed Parent Liability, other than reasonable out-of-pocket expenses, attorneys’ fees and recording or similar fees, all of which shall be promptly reimbursed by Parent or the member of the Parent Group entitled to such Delayed Parent Asset or Delayed Parent Liability.
2.5    Novation of Liabilities.
(a)    Novation of SpinCo Liabilities.
(i)    Each of Parent and SpinCo, at the request of the other, shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain, or to cause to be obtained, as soon as reasonably practicable, any consent, substitution, approval or amendment required to
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novate or assign all SpinCo Liabilities and obtain in writing the unconditional release of each member of the Parent Group that is a party to any such arrangements, so that, in any such case, the members of the SpinCo Group shall be solely responsible for such SpinCo Liabilities; provided, however, that, except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements, neither Parent nor SpinCo shall be obligated to contribute any capital or pay any consideration in any form (including providing any letter of credit, guaranty or other financial accommodation) to any Third Party from whom any such consent, substitution, approval, amendment or release is requested.
(ii)    If Parent or SpinCo is unable to obtain, or to cause to be obtained, any such required consent, substitution, approval, amendment or release and the applicable member of the Parent Group continues to be bound by such agreement, lease, license or other obligation or Liability (each, an “Unreleased SpinCo Liability”), SpinCo shall, to the extent not prohibited by Law, as indemnitor, guarantor, agent or subcontractor for such member of the Parent Group, as the case may be, (x) pay, perform and discharge fully all the obligations or other Liabilities of such member of the Parent Group that constitute Unreleased SpinCo Liabilities from and after the Effective Time and (y) use commercially reasonable efforts to effect such payment, performance or discharge prior to any demand for such payment, performance or discharge is permitted to be made by the obligee thereunder on any member of the Parent Group. If and when any such consent, substitution, approval, amendment or release shall be obtained or the Unreleased SpinCo Liabilities shall otherwise become assignable or able to be novated, Parent shall promptly assign, or cause to be assigned, and SpinCo or the applicable SpinCo Group member shall assume, such Unreleased SpinCo Liabilities without exchange of further consideration.
(b)    Novation of Parent Liabilities.
(i)    Each of Parent and SpinCo, at the request of the other, shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain, or to cause to be obtained, as soon as reasonably practicable, any consent, substitution, approval or amendment required to novate or assign all Parent Liabilities and obtain in writing the unconditional release of each member of the SpinCo Group that is a party to any such arrangements, so that, in any such case, the members of the Parent Group shall be solely responsible for such Parent Liabilities; provided, however, that, except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements, neither Parent nor SpinCo shall be obligated to contribute any capital or pay any consideration in any form (including providing any letter of credit, guaranty or other financial accommodation) to any Third Party from whom any such consent, substitution, approval, amendment or release is requested.
(ii)    If Parent or SpinCo is unable to obtain, or to cause to be obtained, any such required consent, substitution, approval, amendment or release and the applicable member of the SpinCo Group continues to be bound by such agreement, lease, license or other obligation or Liability (each, an “Unreleased Parent Liability”), Parent
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shall, to the extent not prohibited by Law, as indemnitor, guarantor, agent or subcontractor for such member of the SpinCo Group, as the case may be, (x) pay, perform and discharge fully all the obligations or other Liabilities of such member of the SpinCo Group that constitute Unreleased Parent Liabilities from and after the Effective Time and (y) use commercially reasonable efforts to effect such payment, performance or discharge prior to any demand for such payment, performance or discharge is permitted to be made by the obligee thereunder on any member of the SpinCo Group. If and when any such consent, substitution, approval, amendment or release shall be obtained or the Unreleased Parent Liabilities shall otherwise become assignable or able to be novated, SpinCo shall promptly assign, or cause to be assigned, and Parent or the applicable Parent Group member shall assume, such Unreleased Parent Liabilities without exchange of further consideration.
2.6    Release of Guarantees. In furtherance of, and not in limitation of, the obligations set forth in Section 2.5:
(a)    On or prior to the Effective Time or as soon as practicable thereafter, each of Parent and SpinCo shall, at the request of the other Party and with the reasonable cooperation of such other Party and the applicable member(s) of such other Party’s Group, use commercially reasonable efforts to (i) have any member(s) of the Parent Group removed as guarantor of or obligor for any SpinCo Liability to the extent that such guarantee or obligation relates to SpinCo Liabilities, including the removal of any Security Interest on or in any Parent Asset that may serve as collateral or security for any such SpinCo Liability, and (ii) have any member(s) of the SpinCo Group removed as guarantor of or obligor for any Parent Liability to the extent that such guarantee or obligation relates to Parent Liabilities, including the removal of any Security Interest on or in any SpinCo Asset that may serve as collateral or security for any such Parent Liability.
(b)    To the extent required to obtain a release from a guarantee of:
(i)    any member of the Parent Group, SpinCo shall execute a guarantee agreement substantially in the form of the existing guarantee or such other form as is agreed to by the relevant parties to such guarantee agreement, which agreement shall include the removal of any Security Interest on or in any Parent Asset that may serve as collateral or security for any SpinCo Liability, except to the extent that such existing guarantee contains representations, covenants or other terms or provisions either (x) with which SpinCo would be reasonably unable to comply or (y) which SpinCo would not reasonably be able to avoid breaching; and
(ii)    any member of the SpinCo Group, Parent shall execute a guarantee agreement substantially in the form of the existing guarantee or such other form as is agreed to by the relevant parties to such guarantee agreement, which agreement shall include the removal of any Security Interest on or in any SpinCo Asset that may serve as collateral or security for any Parent Liability, except to the extent that such existing guarantee contains representations, covenants or other terms or provisions either (x) with which Parent would be reasonably unable to comply or (y) which Parent would not reasonably be able to avoid breaching.
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(c)    If Parent or SpinCo is unable to obtain, or to cause to be obtained, any such required removal or release as set forth in clauses (a) and (b) of this Section 2.6, (i) the Party or the relevant member of its Group that has assumed the Liability with respect to such guarantee shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless the guarantor or obligor against or from any Liability arising from or relating thereto in accordance with the provisions of Article IV and shall, as agent or subcontractor for such guarantor or obligor, pay, perform and discharge fully all the obligations or other Liabilities of such guarantor or obligor thereunder, and (ii) each of Parent and SpinCo, on behalf of itself and the other members of their respective Groups, agree not to renew or extend the term of, increase any obligations under, or transfer to a Third Party, any loan, guarantee, lease, contract or other obligation for which the other Party or a member of its Group is or may be liable, unless all obligations of such other Party and the members of such other Party’s Group with respect thereto are thereupon terminated by documentation satisfactory in form and substance to such other Party.
2.7    Termination of Agreements.
(a)    Except as set forth in Section 2.7(b), in furtherance of the releases and other provisions of Section 4.1, SpinCo and each member of the SpinCo Group, on the one hand, and Parent and each member of the Parent Group, on the other hand, hereby terminate any and all agreements, arrangements, commitments or understandings, whether or not in writing, between or among SpinCo and/or any member of the SpinCo Group, on the one hand, and Parent and/or any member of the Parent Group, on the other hand, effective as of the Effective Time. No such terminated agreement, arrangement, commitment or understanding (including any provision thereof which purports to survive termination) shall be of any further force or effect after the Effective Time. Each Party shall, at the reasonable request of the other Party, take, or cause to be taken, such other actions as may be necessary to effect the foregoing.
(b)    The provisions of Section 2.7(a) shall not apply to any of the following agreements, arrangements, commitments or understandings (or to any of the provisions thereof): (i) this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements (and each other agreement or instrument expressly contemplated by this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement to be entered into by any of the Parties or any of the members of their respective Groups or to be continued from and after the Effective Time); (ii) any agreements, arrangements, commitments or understandings listed or described on Schedule 2.7(b)(ii); (iii) any agreements, arrangements, commitments or understandings to which any Third Party is a party thereto (including for the avoidance of doubt, any Shared Contracts); (iv) any intercompany accounts payable or accounts receivable accrued as of the Effective Time that are reflected in the books and records of the Parties or otherwise documented in writing in accordance with past practices, which shall be settled in the manner contemplated by Section 2.7(c); and (v) any agreements, arrangements, commitments or understandings to which any non-wholly owned Subsidiary of Parent or SpinCo, as the case may be, is a party (it being understood that directors’ qualifying shares or similar interests will be disregarded for purposes of determining whether a Subsidiary is wholly owned).
(c)    All of the intercompany accounts receivable and accounts payable between any member of the Parent Group, on the one hand, and any member of the SpinCo Group, on the other hand, outstanding as of the Effective Time shall, at the Effective Time or as
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promptly as practicable after the Effective Time, be repaid, settled or otherwise eliminated (including by means of cash transfers) as determined by Parent in its sole discretion prior to the Effective Time or as mutually and in good faith determined by Parent and SpinCo after the Effective Time.
2.8    Treatment of Shared Contracts.
(a)    Subject to applicable Law and without limiting the generality of the obligations set forth in Section 2.1, unless the Parties otherwise agree in writing or the benefits of any contract, agreement, arrangement, commitment or understanding described in this Section 2.8 are expressly conveyed to the applicable Party pursuant to this Agreement or an Ancillary Agreement, any contract or agreement, a portion of which is a SpinCo Contract, but the remainder of which is a Parent Asset (any such contract or agreement, including those set forth on Schedule 2.8, a “Shared Contract”), shall be assigned in relevant part to the applicable member(s) of the applicable Group, if so assignable, or appropriately amended prior to, on or after the Effective Time, so that each Party or the member of its Group shall, as of the Effective Time, (i) be entitled to the rights and benefits, (ii) assume the related portion of any Liabilities, inuring to its respective businesses and (iii) take any actions set forth on Schedule 2.8 with respect to such Shared Contract; provided, however, that (x) in no event shall any member of any Group be required to assign (or amend) any Shared Contract in its entirety or to assign a portion of any Shared Contract that is not assignable (or cannot be amended) by its terms (including any terms imposing consents or conditions on an assignment where such consents or conditions have not been obtained or fulfilled) and (y) if any Shared Contract cannot be so partially assigned by its terms or otherwise, or cannot be amended or if such assignment or amendment would impair the benefit the parties thereto derive from such Shared Contract, then the Parties shall, and shall cause each of the members of their respective Groups to, take such other reasonable and permissible actions (including by providing prompt notice to the other Party with respect to any relevant claim of Liability or other relevant matters arising in connection with a Shared Contract so as to allow such other Party the ability to exercise any applicable rights under such Shared Contract) to cause a member of the SpinCo Group or the Parent Group, as the case may be, to receive the rights and benefits of that portion of each Shared Contract that relates to the SpinCo Business or the Parent Business, as the case may be (in each case, to the extent so related), as if such Shared Contract had been assigned to a member of the applicable Group (or amended to allow a member of the applicable Group to exercise applicable rights under such Shared Contract) pursuant to this Section 2.8, and to bear the burden of the corresponding Liabilities (including any Liabilities that may arise by reason of such arrangement), as if such Liabilities had been assumed by a member of the applicable Group pursuant to this Section 2.8.
(b)    Each of Parent and SpinCo shall, and shall cause the members of its Group to, (i) treat for all Tax purposes the portion of each Shared Contract inuring to its respective businesses as an Asset owned by, and/or a Liability of, as applicable, such Party, or the members of its Group, as applicable, not later than the Effective Time, and (ii) neither report nor take any Tax position (on a Tax Return or otherwise) inconsistent with such treatment (unless required by applicable Law).
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(c)    Nothing in this Section 2.8 shall require any member of any Group to make any non-de minimis payment (except to the extent advanced, assumed or agreed in advance to be reimbursed by any member of the other Group), incur any non-de minimis obligation or grant any non-de minimis concession for the benefit of any member of any other Group in order to effect any transaction contemplated by this Section 2.8.
2.9    Bank Accounts; Cash Balances.
(a)    Each Party agrees to take, or cause the members of its Group to take, at the Effective Time (or such earlier time as the Parties may agree), all actions necessary to amend all contracts or agreements governing each bank and brokerage account owned by SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group (collectively, the “SpinCo Accounts”) and all contracts or agreements governing each bank or brokerage account owned by Parent or any other member of the Parent Group (collectively, the “Parent Accounts”) so that each such SpinCo Account and Parent Account, if currently Linked (whether by automatic withdrawal, automatic deposit or any other authorization to transfer funds from or to, hereinafter “Linked”) to any Parent Account or SpinCo Account, respectively, is de-Linked from such Parent Account or SpinCo Account, respectively.
(b)    It is intended that, following consummation of the actions contemplated by Section 2.9(a), there will be in place a cash management process pursuant to which the SpinCo Accounts will be managed and funds collected will be transferred into one (1) or more accounts maintained by SpinCo or a member of the SpinCo Group.
(c)    It is intended that, following consummation of the actions contemplated by Section 2.9(a), there will continue to be in place a cash management process pursuant to which the Parent Accounts will be managed and funds collected will be transferred into one (1) or more accounts maintained by Parent or a member of the Parent Group.
(d)    With respect to any outstanding checks issued or payments initiated by Parent, SpinCo, or any of the members of their respective Groups prior to the Effective Time, such outstanding checks and payments shall be honored following the Effective Time by the Person or Group owning the account on which the check is drawn or from which the payment was initiated, respectively.
(e)    As between Parent and SpinCo (and the members of their respective Groups), all payments made and reimbursements received after the Effective Time by either Party (or member of its Group) that relate to a business, Asset or Liability of the other Party (or member of its Group), shall be held by such Party in trust for the use and benefit of the Party entitled thereto and, promptly following receipt by such Party of any such payment or reimbursement, such Party shall pay over, or shall cause the applicable member of its Group to pay over to the other Party, the amount of such payment or reimbursement without right of set-off.
(f)    It is understood and agreed that, effective as of the Effective Time (and after giving effect to the Cash Transfer), SpinCo and members of the SpinCo Group shall have
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(following the adjustments (if any) contemplated by this Section 2.9) cash and cash equivalents in an aggregate amount that equals the Target Cash Amount.
(g)    Within fifteen (15) days after the Distribution Date, SpinCo shall cause to be prepared in good faith and delivered to Parent a statement (the “Statement”) setting forth cash and cash equivalents (net of any overdrafts) held by each member of the SpinCo Group as of the Effective Time (the aggregate amount of such cash and cash equivalents, the “Final Cash Balance”).
(h)    Parent shall have ten (10) days to review the Statement delivered by SpinCo from the date of its receipt thereof (the “Review Period”). During the Review Period, Parent shall have reasonable access during normal business hours to the books and records, personnel and advisors of SpinCo to the extent reasonably required in connection with such review. If Parent objects to any aspect of SpinCo’s Statement, Parent shall deliver a written notice of objection (an “Objection Notice”) to SpinCo prior to the expiration of its Review Period setting forth in reasonable detail the basis for any such objection. If Parent delivers an Objection Notice to SpinCo prior to the expiration of its Review Period, the Parties shall for a period of five (5) days thereafter (the “Resolution Period”) attempt in good faith to resolve the matters set forth in such Objection Notice, and any written resolution, signed by both Parties, as to any such matter shall be final, binding, conclusive and non-appealable for all purposes of this Agreement. If Parent does not deliver an Objection Notice in accordance with this paragraph (h) of this Section 2.9 prior to the expiration of its Review Period, Parent shall be deemed to have agreed to the Statement delivered by SpinCo in its entirety, which Preliminary Statement shall be final, binding, conclusive and non-appealable for all purposes of this Agreement.
(i)    If, at the conclusion of a Resolution Period, Parent and SpinCo have not reached an agreement with respect to all disputed matters set forth in the applicable Objection Notice, within five (5) days thereafter, Parent and SpinCo shall submit for resolution those matters remaining in dispute to PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (the “Neutral Arbitrator”). The Neutral Arbitrator shall act as an arbitrator to resolve (based solely on the written and oral presentations of Parent and SpinCo and not by independent review) only those matters submitted to it in accordance with the first sentence of this paragraph (j) of this Section 2.9. Parent and SpinCo shall direct the Neutral Arbitrator to render a resolution of all such disputed matters as promptly as practicable and in any event within thirty (30) days after its engagement. With respect to each disputed matter, the Neutral Arbitrator’s determination, if not in accordance with the position of either Parent or SpinCo, shall not be in excess of the higher, nor less than the lower, of the amounts set forth in the applicable Statement or Objection Notice, as applicable. The resolution of the Neutral Arbitrator shall be set forth in a written statement delivered to each of Parent and SpinCo and shall be final, binding, conclusive and non-appealable for all purposes of this Agreement. A Statement, once modified and/or agreed to in accordance with paragraph (h) or this paragraph (j) of this Section 2.9, shall be final, binding, conclusive and non-appealable for all purposes of this Agreement. All fees and expenses relating to the work performed by the Neutral Arbitrator with respect hereto shall be shared equally between Parent and SpinCo. Except as provided in the immediately preceding sentence, all other costs and expenses incurred by the parties in connection with resolving any dispute under this Section 2.9 shall be borne by the Party incurring such cost or expense.
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(j)    If the Final Cash Balance exceeds the Target Cash Amount, then SpinCo shall pay or cause to be paid an amount in cash equal to such difference to Parent by wire transfer of immediately available funds to an account or accounts designated in writing by Parent to SpinCo within five (5) Business Days after the date of delivery of the final, binding, conclusive and non-appealable Statement. If the Final Cash Balance is less than the Target Cash Amount, then Parent shall pay or cause to be paid an amount in cash equal to such absolute value of the difference to SpinCo by wire transfer of immediately available funds to an account or accounts designated in writing by SpinCo to Parent within five (5) Business Days after the date of delivery of the final, binding, conclusive and non-appealable Statement. Any such payment shall be treated by the Parties for all purposes as an adjustment to the Cash Transfer.
2.10    Ancillary Agreements. Effective on or prior to the Effective Time, each of Parent and SpinCo will, or will cause the applicable members of their Groups to, execute and deliver all Ancillary Agreements to which it is a party.
2.11    Disclaimer of Representations and Warranties. EACH OF PARENT (ON BEHALF OF ITSELF AND EACH MEMBER OF THE PARENT GROUP) AND SPINCO (ON BEHALF OF ITSELF AND EACH MEMBER OF THE SPINCO GROUP) UNDERSTANDS AND AGREES THAT, EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH HEREIN OR IN ANY ANCILLARY AGREEMENT, NO PARTY TO THIS AGREEMENT, ANY ANCILLARY AGREEMENT OR ANY OTHER AGREEMENT OR DOCUMENT CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT, ANY ANCILLARY AGREEMENT OR OTHERWISE, IS REPRESENTING OR WARRANTING IN ANY WAY AS TO: (A) THE ASSETS, BUSINESSES OR LIABILITIES TRANSFERRED OR ASSUMED AS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY OR THEREBY, (B) ANY CONSENTS OR APPROVALS REQUIRED IN CONNECTION THEREWITH, (C) THE VALUE OR FREEDOM FROM ANY SECURITY INTERESTS OF, OR ANY OTHER MATTER CONCERNING, ANY ASSETS OF SUCH PARTY, (D) THE ABSENCE OF ANY DEFENSES OR RIGHT OF SET-OFF OR FREEDOM FROM COUNTERCLAIM WITH RESPECT TO ANY CLAIM OR OTHER ASSET, INCLUDING ANY ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, OF ANY PARTY, OR (E) THE LEGAL SUFFICIENCY OF ANY ASSIGNMENT, DOCUMENT OR INSTRUMENT DELIVERED HEREUNDER TO CONVEY TITLE TO ANY ASSET OR THING OF VALUE UPON THE EXECUTION, DELIVERY AND FILING HEREOF OR THEREOF. EXCEPT AS MAY EXPRESSLY BE SET FORTH HEREIN OR IN ANY ANCILLARY AGREEMENT, ALL SUCH ASSETS ARE BEING TRANSFERRED ON AN “AS IS,” “WHERE IS” BASIS (AND, IN THE CASE OF ANY REAL PROPERTY, BY MEANS OF A QUITCLAIM OR SIMILAR FORM OF DEED OR CONVEYANCE), AND THE RESPECTIVE TRANSFEREES SHALL BEAR THE ECONOMIC AND LEGAL RISKS THAT (I) ANY CONVEYANCE WILL PROVE TO BE INSUFFICIENT TO VEST IN THE TRANSFEREE GOOD AND MARKETABLE TITLE, FREE AND CLEAR OF ANY SECURITY INTEREST, AND (II) ANY NECESSARY APPROVALS OR NOTIFICATIONS ARE NOT OBTAINED OR MADE OR THAT ANY REQUIREMENTS OF LAWS OR JUDGMENTS ARE NOT COMPLIED WITH.
2.12    SpinCo Financing Arrangements; SpinCo Debt Incurrence.
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(a)    Prior to the Effective Time and pursuant to the Plan of Reorganization, (i) SpinCo and/or other members of the SpinCo Group will enter into one or more financing arrangements and agreements, as set forth on Schedule 2.12 (the “SpinCo Financing Arrangements”), pursuant to which it or they shall borrow prior to the Effective Time a principal amount of not less than $800,000,000 (the “SpinCo Debt”) and (ii) SpinCo and/or other members of the SpinCo Group shall distribute, convey or otherwise transfer in the manner determined by Parent some or all (as determined by Parent) of the proceeds of the SpinCo Debt to Parent as partial consideration for the transfer of the SpinCo Assets to SpinCo in the Contribution pursuant to Section 2.1 (such distribution, conveyance or transfer, the “Cash Transfer”). Parent and SpinCo agree to take, and shall cause the respective members of their Group to take, all necessary actions to assure the full release and discharge of Parent and the other members of the Parent Group from all liabilities and other obligations pursuant to the SpinCo Financing Arrangements as of no later than the Effective Time. The Parties agree that SpinCo or another member of the SpinCo Group, as the case may be, and not Parent or any member of the Parent Group, are and shall be responsible for all costs and expenses incurred in connection with the SpinCo Financing Arrangements.
(b)    Prior the Effective Time, Parent and SpinCo shall cooperate in the preparation of all materials as may be necessary or advisable to execute the SpinCo Financing Arrangements.
2.13    Financial Information Certifications. Parent’s disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting (as each is contemplated by the Exchange Act) are currently applicable to SpinCo as its wholly-owned Subsidiary (and not as an reporting company under the Exchange Act). In order to enable the principal executive officer and principal financial officer of SpinCo to make the certifications required of them under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 following the Distribution in respect of any quarterly or annual fiscal period of SpinCo that begins on or prior to the Distribution Date in respect of which financial statements are not included in the Form 10 (a “Straddle Period”), upon twenty (20) Business Days’ advance written request by SpinCo, Parent shall provide SpinCo with one (1) or more certifications with respect to such disclosure controls and procedures and the effectiveness thereof and whether there were any changes in the internal controls over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the internal control over financing reporting, which certification(s) shall (x) be with respect to the applicable Straddle Period (it being understood that no certification need be provided with respect to any period or portion of any period after the Distribution Date) and (y) be in substantially the same form as those that had been provided by officers or employees of Parent in similar certifications delivered prior to the Distribution Date, with such changes thereto as Parent may reasonably determine. Such certification(s) shall be provided by Parent (and not by any officer or employee in their individual capacity).
ARTICLE III
THE DISTRIBUTION
3.1    Sole and Absolute Discretion; Cooperation.
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(a)    Parent shall, in its sole and absolute discretion, determine the terms of the Distribution, including the form, structure and terms of any transaction(s) and/or offering(s) to effect the Distribution and the timing and conditions to the consummation of the Distribution. In addition, Parent may, at any time and from time to time until the consummation of the Distribution, modify or change the terms of the Distribution, including by accelerating or delaying the timing of the consummation of all or part of the Distribution. Nothing shall in any way limit Parent’s right to terminate this Agreement or the Distribution as set forth in Article IX or alter the consequences of any such termination from those specified in Article IX.
(b)    SpinCo shall cooperate with Parent to accomplish the Distribution and shall, at Parent’s direction, promptly take any and all actions necessary or desirable to effect the Distribution, including in respect of the registration under the Exchange Act of SpinCo Shares on the Form 10. Parent shall select any investment bank or manager in connection with the Distribution, as well as any financial printer, solicitation and/or exchange agent and financial, legal, accounting and other advisors for Parent. SpinCo and Parent, as the case may be, will provide to the Distribution Agent any information required in order to complete the Distribution.
3.2    Actions Prior to the Distribution. Prior to the Effective Time and subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, the Parties shall take, or cause to be taken, the following actions in connection with the Distribution:
(a)    Notice to NYSE. Parent shall, to the extent possible, give the NYSE not less than ten (10) days’ advance notice of the Record Date in compliance with Rule 10b-17 under the Exchange Act.
(b)    SpinCo Certificate of Incorporation and SpinCo Bylaws. On or prior to the Distribution Date, Parent and SpinCo shall take all necessary actions so that, as of the Effective Time, the SpinCo Certificate of Incorporation and the SpinCo Bylaws shall become the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of SpinCo, respectively.
(c)    SpinCo Directors and Officers. On or prior to the Distribution Date, Parent and SpinCo shall take all necessary actions so that as of the Effective Time: (i) the directors and executive officers of SpinCo shall be those set forth in the Information Statement made available to the Record Holders prior to the Distribution Date, unless otherwise agreed by the Parties; (ii) each individual referred to in clause (i), with the exception of Bradley S. Jacobs, shall have resigned from his or her position, if any, as a member of the Parent Board and/or as an executive officer of Parent; and (iii) SpinCo shall have such other officers as SpinCo shall appoint.
(d)    NYSE Listing. SpinCo shall prepare and file, and shall use its best efforts to have approved, an application for the listing of the SpinCo Shares to be distributed in the Distribution on the NYSE, subject to official notice of distribution.
(e)    Securities Law Matters. SpinCo shall file any amendments or supplements to the Form 10 as may be necessary or advisable in order to cause the Form 10 to become and remain effective as required by the SEC or federal, state or other applicable securities Laws. Parent and SpinCo shall cooperate in preparing, filing with the SEC and
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causing to become effective registration statements or amendments thereof that are required to reflect the establishment of, or amendments to, any employee benefit and other plans necessary or advisable in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements. Parent and SpinCo will prepare, and SpinCo will, to the extent required under applicable Law, file with the SEC any such documentation and any requisite no-action letters that Parent determines are necessary or desirable to effectuate the Distribution, and Parent and SpinCo shall each use reasonable best efforts to obtain all necessary approvals from the SEC with respect thereto as soon as practicable. Parent and SpinCo shall take all such action as may be necessary or appropriate under the securities or blue sky Laws of the United States (and any comparable Laws under any foreign jurisdiction) in connection with the Distribution.
(f)    Availability of Information Statement. Parent shall, as soon as is reasonably practicable after the Form 10 is declared effective under the Exchange Act and the Parent Board has approved the Distribution, cause the Information Statement to be mailed or otherwise made available to the Record Holders.
(g)    The Distribution Agent. Parent shall enter into a distribution agent agreement with the Distribution Agent or otherwise provide instructions to the Distribution Agent regarding the Distribution.
(h)    Stock-Based Employee Benefit Plans. Parent and SpinCo shall take all actions as may be necessary to approve the grants of adjusted equity awards by Parent (in respect of Parent Shares) and SpinCo (in respect of SpinCo Shares) in connection with the Distribution in order to satisfy the requirements of Rule 16b-3 under the Exchange Act.
3.3    Conditions to the Distribution.
(a)    The consummation of the Distribution will be subject to the satisfaction, or waiver by Parent in its sole and absolute discretion, of the following conditions:
(i)    The SEC shall have declared effective the Form 10; no order suspending the effectiveness of the Form 10 shall be in effect; and no proceedings for such purposes shall have been instituted or threatened by the SEC;
(ii)    The Information Statement shall have been mailed or otherwise made available to the Record Holders;
(iii)    Parent shall have received an opinion from its external tax counsel, satisfactory to the Parent Board in its sole discretion, regarding the qualification of the Contribution and the Distribution, taken together, as a transaction described in Sections 355 and 368(a)(1)(D) of the Code;
(iv)    An independent appraisal firm acceptable to Parent shall have delivered one (1) or more opinions to the Parent Board confirming the solvency and financial viability of Parent immediately prior to the Distribution and of Parent and SpinCo immediately after consummation of the Distribution, and such opinions shall be acceptable to Parent in form and substance in Parent’s sole discretion and such opinions shall not have been withdrawn or rescinded;
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(v)    The transfer of the SpinCo Assets (other than any Delayed SpinCo Asset) and SpinCo Liabilities (other than any Delayed SpinCo Liability) contemplated to be transferred from Parent (or the applicable members of its Group) to SpinCo (or the applicable members of its Group) on or prior to the Distribution shall have occurred as contemplated by Section 2.1, and the transfer of the Parent Assets (other than any Delayed Parent Asset) and Parent Liabilities (other than any Delayed Parent Liability) contemplated to be transferred from SpinCo (or the applicable members of its Group) to Parent (or the applicable members of its Group) on or prior to the Distribution Date shall have occurred as contemplated by Section 2.1, in each case pursuant to the Plan of Reorganization;
(vi)    The actions and filings necessary or appropriate under applicable U.S. federal, U.S. state or other securities Laws or blue sky Laws and the rules and regulations thereunder shall have been taken or made, and, where applicable, have become effective or been accepted by the applicable Governmental Authority;
(vii)    Each of the Ancillary Agreements shall have been duly executed and delivered by the applicable parties thereto;
(viii)    No order, injunction or decree issued by any Governmental Authority of competent jurisdiction or other legal restraint or prohibition preventing the consummation of the Separation, the Distribution or any of the transactions related thereto shall be pending or in effect;
(ix)    The SpinCo Shares to be distributed to the Parent stockholders in the Distribution shall have been approved for listing on the NYSE, subject to official notice of distribution;
(x)    SpinCo and/or other members of the SpinCo Group, as applicable, shall have consummated the SpinCo Financing Arrangements. SpinCo and/or other members of the SpinCo Group shall have issued and incurred the SpinCo Debt on terms satisfactory to Parent in its sole and absolute discretion. Parent shall have received the proceeds from the Cash Transfer. Parent shall be satisfied in its sole and absolute discretion that, as of the Effective Time, it shall have no Liability whatsoever under the SpinCo Financing Arrangements; and
(xi)    No other events or developments shall exist or shall have occurred that, in the judgment of the Parent Board, in its sole and absolute discretion, makes it inadvisable to effect the Separation, the Distribution or the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.
(b)    The foregoing conditions are for the sole benefit of Parent and shall not give rise to or create any duty on the part of Parent or the Parent Board to waive or not waive any such condition or in any way limit Parent’s right to terminate this Agreement as set forth in Article IX or alter the consequences of any such termination from those specified in Article IX. Any determination made by the Parent Board prior to the Distribution concerning the satisfaction or waiver of any or all of the conditions set forth in Section 3.3(a) shall be conclusive and
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binding on the Parties. If Parent waives any material condition, it shall promptly issue a press release disclosing such fact and file a Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC describing such waiver.
3.4    The Distribution.
(a)    Subject to Section 3.3, on or prior to the Effective Time, SpinCo will deliver to the Distribution Agent, for the benefit of the Record Holders, book-entry transfer authorizations for such number of the outstanding SpinCo Shares as is necessary to effect the Distribution, and shall cause the transfer agent for the Parent Shares to instruct the Distribution Agent to distribute at the Effective Time the appropriate number of SpinCo Shares to each such holder or designated transferee or transferees of such holder by way of direct registration in book-entry form. SpinCo will not issue paper stock certificates in respect of the SpinCo Shares. The Distribution shall be effective at the Effective Time.
(b)    Subject to Sections 3.3 and 3.4(c), each Record Holder will be entitled to receive in the Distribution a number of whole SpinCo Shares equal to the number of Parent Shares held by such Record Holder on the Record Date multiplied by the Distribution Ratio.
(c)    For the avoidance of doubt, no fractional shares will be distributed or credited to book-entry accounts in connection with the Distribution.
(d)    Any SpinCo Shares that remain unclaimed by any Record Holder one hundred eighty (180) days after the Distribution Date shall be delivered to SpinCo, and SpinCo or its transfer agent on its behalf shall hold such SpinCo Shares for the account of such Record Holder, and the Parties agree that all obligations to provide such SpinCo Shares shall be obligations of SpinCo, subject in each case to applicable escheat or other abandoned property Laws, and Parent shall have no Liability with respect thereto.
(e)    Until the SpinCo Shares are duly transferred in accordance with this Section 3.4 and applicable Law, from and after the Effective Time, SpinCo will regard the Persons entitled to receive such SpinCo Shares as record holders of SpinCo Shares in accordance with the terms of the Distribution without requiring any action on the part of such Persons. SpinCo agrees that, subject to any transfers of such shares, from and after the Effective Time, (i) each such holder will be entitled to receive all dividends, if any, payable on, and exercise voting rights and all other rights and privileges with respect to, the SpinCo Shares then held by such holder, and (ii) each such holder will be entitled, without any action on the part of such holder, to receive evidence of ownership of the SpinCo Shares then held by such holder.
ARTICLE IV
MUTUAL RELEASES; INDEMNIFICATION
4.1    Release of Pre-Distribution Claims.
(a)    SpinCo Release of Parent. Except as provided in Sections 4.1(c) and 4.1(d), effective as of the Effective Time, SpinCo does hereby, for itself and each other member of the SpinCo Group, and their respective successors and assigns, and, to the extent permitted by Law, all Persons who at any time prior to the Effective Time have been stockholders, directors,
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officers, agents or employees of any member of the SpinCo Group (in each case, in their respective capacities as such), remise, release and forever discharge (i) Parent and the members of the Parent Group, and their respective successors and assigns, (ii) all Persons who at any time prior to the Effective Time have been stockholders, directors, officers, agents or employees of any member of the Parent Group (in each case, in their respective capacities as such), and their respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns, and (iii) all Persons who at any time prior to the Effective Time are or have been stockholders, directors, officers, agents or employees of a Transferred Entity and who are not, as of immediately following the Effective Time, directors, officers or employees of SpinCo or a member of the SpinCo Group, in each case from: (A) all SpinCo Liabilities, (B) all Liabilities arising from or in connection with the transactions and all other activities to implement the Separation and the Distribution and (C) all Liabilities arising from or in connection with actions, inactions, events, omissions, conditions, facts or circumstances occurring or existing prior to the Effective Time (whether or not such Liabilities cease being contingent, mature, become known, are asserted or foreseen, or accrue, in each case before, at or after the Effective Time), in each case to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the SpinCo Business, the SpinCo Assets or the SpinCo Liabilities.
(b)    Parent Release of SpinCo. Except as provided in Sections 4.1(c) and 4.1(d), effective as of the Effective Time, Parent does hereby, for itself and each other member of the Parent Group and their respective successors and assigns, and, to the extent permitted by Law, all Persons who at any time prior to the Effective Time have been stockholders, directors, officers, agents or employees of any member of the Parent Group (in each case, in their respective capacities as such), remise, release and forever discharge (i) SpinCo and the members of the SpinCo Group and their respective successors and assigns, and (ii) all Persons who at any time prior to the Effective Time have been stockholders, directors, officers, agents or employees of any member of the SpinCo Group (in each case, in their respective capacities as such), and their respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns, from (A) all Parent Liabilities, (B) all Liabilities arising from or in connection with the transactions and all other activities to implement the Separation and the Distribution and (C) all Liabilities arising from or in connection with actions, inactions, events, omissions, conditions, facts or circumstances occurring or existing prior to the Effective Time (whether or not such Liabilities cease being contingent, mature, become known, are asserted or foreseen, or accrue, in each case before, at or after the Effective Time), in each case to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the Parent Business, the Parent Assets or the Parent Liabilities.
(c)    Obligations Not Affected. Nothing contained in Section 4.1(a) or 4.1(b) shall impair any right of any Person to enforce this Agreement, any Ancillary Agreement or any agreements, arrangements, commitments or understandings that are specified in Section 2.7(b) or the applicable Schedules thereto as not to terminate as of the Effective Time, in each case in accordance with its terms. Nothing contained in Section 4.1(a) or 4.1(b) shall release any Person from:
(i)    any Liability provided in or resulting from any agreement among any members of the Parent Group or any members of the SpinCo Group that is specified in Section 2.7(b) or the applicable Schedules thereto as not to terminate as of the
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Effective Time, or any other Liability specified in Section 2.7(b) as not to terminate as of the Effective Time;
(ii)    any Liability, contingent or otherwise, assumed, transferred, assigned or allocated to the Group of which such Person is a member in accordance with, or any other Liability of any member of any Group under, this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement;
(iii)    any Liability for the sale, lease, construction or receipt of goods, property or services purchased, obtained or used in the ordinary course of business by a member of one Group from a member of the other Group prior to the Effective Time;
(iv)    any Liability that the Parties may have with respect to indemnification or contribution or other obligation pursuant to this Agreement, any Ancillary Agreement or otherwise for claims brought against the Parties by Third Parties, which Liability shall be governed by the provisions of this Article IV and Article V and, if applicable, the appropriate provisions of the Ancillary Agreements; or
(v)    any Liability the release of which would result in the release of any Person other than a Person released pursuant to this Section 4.1.
In addition, nothing contained in Section 4.1(a) shall release any member of the Parent Group from honoring its existing obligations to indemnify any director, officer or employee of SpinCo who was a director, officer or employee of any member of the Parent Group on or prior to the Effective Time, to the extent such director, officer or employee becomes a named defendant in any Action with respect to which such director, officer or employee was entitled to such indemnification pursuant to such existing obligations; it being understood that, if the underlying obligation giving rise to such Action is a SpinCo Liability, SpinCo shall indemnify Parent for such Liability (including Parent’s costs to indemnify the director, officer or employee) in accordance with the provisions set forth in this Article IV.
(d)    No Claims. SpinCo shall not make, and shall not permit any other member of the SpinCo Group to make, any claim or demand, or commence any Action asserting any claim or demand, including any claim of contribution or any indemnification, against Parent or any other member of the Parent Group, or any other Person released pursuant to Section 4.1(a), with respect to any Liabilities released pursuant to Section 4.1(a). Parent shall not make, and shall not permit any other member of the Parent Group to make, any claim or demand, or commence any Action asserting any claim or demand, including any claim of contribution or any indemnification, against SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group, or any other Person released pursuant to Section 4.1(b), with respect to any Liabilities released pursuant to Section 4.1(b).
(e)    Execution of Further Releases. At any time at or after the Effective Time, at the request of either Party, the other Party shall cause each member of its respective Group to execute and deliver releases reflecting the provisions of this Section 4.1.
4.2    Indemnification by SpinCo. Except as otherwise specifically set forth in this Agreement or in any Ancillary Agreement, to the fullest extent permitted by Law, SpinCo
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shall, and shall cause the other members of the SpinCo Group to, indemnify, defend and hold harmless Parent, each member of the Parent Group and each of their respective past, present and future directors, officers, employees and agents, in each case in their respective capacities as such, and each of the heirs, executors, successors and assigns of any of the foregoing (collectively, the “Parent Indemnitees”), from and against any and all Liabilities of the Parent Indemnitees relating to, arising out of or resulting from, directly or indirectly, any of the following items (without duplication):
(a)    any SpinCo Liability;
(b)    any failure of SpinCo, any other member of the SpinCo Group or any other Person to pay, perform or otherwise promptly discharge any SpinCo Liabilities in accordance with their terms, whether prior to, on or after the Effective Time;
(c)    any breach by SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group of this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements;
(d)    except to the extent it relates to a Parent Liability, any guarantee, indemnification or contribution obligation, surety bond or other credit support agreement, arrangement, commitment or understanding for the benefit of any member of the SpinCo Group by any member of the Parent Group that survives following the Distribution; and
(e)    any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or omission or alleged omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, with respect to all information contained in the Form 10, the Information Statement (as amended or supplemented if SpinCo shall have furnished any amendments or supplements thereto) or any other Disclosure Document, other than the matters described in clause (e) of Section 4.3.
4.3    Indemnification by Parent. Except as otherwise specifically set forth in this Agreement or in any Ancillary Agreement, to the fullest extent permitted by Law, Parent shall, and shall cause the other members of the Parent Group to, indemnify, defend and hold harmless SpinCo, each member of the SpinCo Group and each of their respective past, present and future directors, officers, employees or agents, in each case in their respective capacities as such, and each of the heirs, executors, successors and assigns of any of the foregoing (collectively, the “SpinCo Indemnitees”), from and against any and all Liabilities of the SpinCo Indemnitees relating to, arising out of or resulting from, directly or indirectly, any of the following items (without duplication):
(a)    any Parent Liability;
(b)    any failure of Parent, any other member of the Parent Group or any other Person to pay, perform or otherwise promptly discharge any Parent Liabilities in accordance with their terms, whether prior to, on or after the Effective Time;
(c)    any breach by Parent or any other member of the Parent Group of this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements;
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(d)    except to the extent it relates to a SpinCo Liability, any guarantee, indemnification or contribution obligation, surety bond or other credit support agreement, arrangement, commitment or understanding for the benefit of any member of the Parent Group by any member of the SpinCo Group that survives following the Distribution; and
(e)    any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or omission or alleged omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, with respect to statements made explicitly in Parent’s name in the Form 10, the Information Statement (as amended or supplemented if SpinCo shall have furnished any amendments or supplements thereto) or any other Disclosure Document; it being agreed that the statements set forth on Schedule 4.3(e) shall be the only statements made explicitly in Parent’s name in the Form 10, the Information Statement or any other Disclosure Document, and all other information contained in the Form 10, the Information Statement or any other Disclosure Document shall be deemed to be information supplied by SpinCo.
4.4    Indemnification Obligations Net of Insurance Proceeds and Other Amounts.
(a)    The Parties intend that any Liability subject to indemnification, contribution or reimbursement pursuant to this Article IV or Article V will be net of Insurance Proceeds or other amounts actually recovered (net of any out-of-pocket costs or expenses incurred in the collection thereof) from any Person by or on behalf of the Indemnitee in respect of any indemnifiable Liability. Accordingly, the amount that either Party (an “Indemnifying Party”) is required to pay to any Person entitled to indemnification or contribution hereunder (an “Indemnitee”) will be reduced by any Insurance Proceeds or other amounts actually recovered (net of any out-of-pocket costs or expenses incurred in the collection thereof) from any Person by or on behalf of the Indemnitee in respect of the related Liability. If an Indemnitee receives a payment (an “Indemnity Payment”) required by this Agreement from an Indemnifying Party in respect of any Liability and subsequently receives Insurance Proceeds or any other amounts in respect of such Liability, then within ten (10) days after receipt of such Insurance Proceeds, the Indemnitee will pay to the Indemnifying Party an amount equal to the excess of the Indemnity Payment received over the amount of the Indemnity Payment that would have been due if the Insurance Proceeds or such other amounts (net of any out-of-pocket costs or expenses incurred in the collection thereof) had been received, realized or recovered before the Indemnity Payment was made.
(b)    The Parties agree that an insurer that would otherwise be obligated to pay any claim shall not be relieved of the responsibility with respect thereto or, solely by virtue of any provision contained in this Agreement or in any Ancillary Agreement, have any subrogation rights with respect thereto, it being understood that no insurer or any other Third Party shall be entitled to a “windfall” (i.e., a benefit they would not be entitled to receive in the absence of the indemnification provisions) by virtue of the indemnification and contribution provisions hereof. Each Party shall, and shall cause the members of its Group to, use commercially reasonable efforts (taking into account the probability of success on the merits and the cost of expending such efforts, including attorneys’ fees and expenses) to collect or recover any Insurance Proceeds
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that may be collectible or recoverable respecting the Liabilities for which indemnification or contribution may be available under this Article IV. Notwithstanding the foregoing, an Indemnifying Party may not delay making any indemnification payment required under the terms of this Agreement, or otherwise satisfying any indemnification obligation, pending the outcome of any Action to collect or recover Insurance Proceeds, and an Indemnitee need not attempt to collect any Insurance Proceeds prior to making a claim for indemnification or contribution or receiving any Indemnity Payment otherwise owed to it under this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.
4.5    Procedures for Indemnification of Third-Party Claims.
(a)    Notice of Claims. If, at or following the Effective Time, an Indemnitee shall receive notice or otherwise learn of the assertion by a Person (including any Governmental Authority) who is not a member of the Parent Group or the SpinCo Group of any claim or of the commencement by any such Person of any Action (collectively, a “Third-Party Claim”) with respect to which an Indemnifying Party may be obligated to provide indemnification to such Indemnitee pursuant to Section 4.2 or 4.3, or any other Section of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, such Indemnitee shall give such Indemnifying Party written notice thereof as soon as practicable, but in any event within fourteen (14) days (or sooner if the nature of the Third-Party Claim so requires) after becoming aware of such Third-Party Claim. Any such notice shall describe the Third-Party Claim in reasonable detail, including the facts and circumstances giving rise to such claim for indemnification, and include copies of all notices and documents (including court papers) received by the Indemnitee relating to the Third-Party Claim. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the failure of an Indemnitee to provide notice in accordance with this Section 4.5(a) shall not relieve an Indemnifying Party of its indemnification obligations under this Agreement, except to the extent to which the Indemnifying Party is materially prejudiced by the Indemnitee’s failure to provide notice in accordance with this Section 4.5(a).
(b)    Control of Defense. An Indemnifying Party may elect to defend (and seek to settle or compromise), at its own expense and with its own counsel, any Third-Party Claim; provided that, prior to the Indemnifying Party assuming and controlling the defense of such Third-Party Claim, it shall first confirm to the Indemnitee in writing that, assuming the facts presented to the Indemnifying Party by the Indemnitee are true, the Indemnifying Party shall indemnify the Indemnitee for any such damages to the extent resulting from, or arising out of, such Third-Party-Claim. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Indemnifying Party assumes such defense and, in the course of defending such Third-Party Claim, (i) the Indemnifying Party discovers that the facts presented at the time the Indemnifying Party acknowledged its indemnification obligation in respect of such Third-Party Claim were not true in all material respects and (ii) such untruth provides a reasonable basis for asserting that the Indemnifying Party does not have an indemnification obligation in respect of such Third-Party Claim, then (A) the Indemnifying Party shall not be bound by such acknowledgment, (B) the Indemnifying Party shall promptly thereafter provide the Indemnitee written notice of its assertion that it does not have an indemnification obligation in respect of such Third-Party Claim and (C) the Indemnitee shall have the right to assume the defense of such Third-Party Claim. Within thirty (30) days after the receipt of a notice from an Indemnitee in accordance with Section 4.5(a) (or sooner, if the nature of the Third-Party Claim so requires), the Indemnifying Party shall provide written
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notice to the Indemnitee indicating whether the Indemnifying Party shall assume responsibility for defending the Third-Party Claim. If an Indemnifying Party elects not to assume responsibility for defending any Third-Party Claim or fails to notify an Indemnitee of its election within thirty (30) days after receipt of the notice from an Indemnitee as provided in Section 4.5(a), then the Indemnitee that is the subject of such Third-Party Claim shall be entitled to continue to conduct and control the defense of such Third-Party Claim.
(c)    Allocation of Defense Costs. If an Indemnifying Party has elected to assume the defense of a Third-Party Claim, then such Indemnifying Party shall be solely liable for all fees and expenses incurred by it in connection with the defense of such Third-Party Claim and shall not be entitled to seek any indemnification or reimbursement from the Indemnitee for any such fees or expenses incurred by the Indemnifying Party during the course of the defense of such Third-Party Claim by such Indemnifying Party, regardless of any subsequent decision by the Indemnifying Party to reject or otherwise abandon its assumption of such defense. If an Indemnifying Party elects not to assume responsibility for defending any Third-Party Claim or fails to notify an Indemnitee of its election within thirty (30) days after receipt of a notice from an Indemnitee as provided in Section 4.5(a), and the Indemnitee conducts and controls the defense of such Third-Party Claim and the Indemnifying Party has an indemnification obligation with respect to such Third-Party Claim, then the Indemnifying Party shall be liable for all reasonable, documented fees and expenses incurred by the Indemnitee in connection with the defense of such Third-Party Claim.
(d)    Right to Monitor and Participate. An Indemnitee that does not conduct and control the defense of any Third-Party Claim, or an Indemnifying Party that does not elect to defend any Third-Party Claim as contemplated hereby, nevertheless shall have the right to employ separate counsel (including local counsel as necessary) of its own choosing to monitor and participate in (but not control) the defense of any Third-Party Claim for which it is a potential Indemnitee or Indemnifying Party, as applicable, but the fees and expenses of such counsel shall be at the expense of such Indemnitee or Indemnifying Party, as the case may be, and the provisions of Section 4.5(c) shall not apply to such fees and expenses. Notwithstanding the foregoing, but subject to Sections 6.7 and 6.8, such Party shall cooperate with the Party entitled to conduct and control the defense of such Third-Party Claim in such defense and make available to the controlling Party, at the non-controlling Party’s expense, all witnesses, information and materials in such Party’s possession or under such Party’s control relating thereto as are reasonably required by the controlling Party. In addition to the foregoing, if any Indemnitee reasonably determines in good faith that such Indemnitee and the Indemnifying Party have actual or potential differing defenses or conflicts of interest between them that make joint representation inappropriate, then the Indemnitee shall have the right to employ separate counsel (including local counsel) and to participate in (but not control) the defense, compromise, or settlement thereof, and in such case the Indemnifying Party shall bear the reasonable, documented fees and expenses of such counsel for all Indemnitees.
(e)    No Settlement. Neither Party may settle or compromise any Third-Party Claim for which either Party is seeking to be indemnified hereunder without the prior written consent of the other Party, which consent may not be unreasonably withheld, unless such settlement or compromise is solely for monetary damages that are fully payable by the settling or
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compromising Party, does not involve any admission, finding or determination of wrongdoing or violation of Law by the other Party and provides for a full, unconditional and irrevocable release of the other Party from all Liability in connection with the Third-Party Claim. The Parties hereby agree that if a Party delivers the other Party a written notice containing a proposal to settle or compromise a Third-Party Claim for which either Party is seeking to be indemnified hereunder and the Party receiving such proposal does not respond in any manner to the Party presenting such proposal within ten (10) business days (or within any such shorter time period that may be required by applicable Law or court order) after receipt of such proposal, then the Party receiving such proposal shall be deemed to have consented to the terms of such proposal.
4.6    Additional Matters.
(a)    Timing of Payments. Indemnification or contribution payments in respect of any Liabilities for which an Indemnitee is entitled to indemnification or contribution under this Article IV shall be paid reasonably promptly (but in any event within forty-five (45) days after the final determination of the amount that the Indemnitee is entitled to indemnification or contribution under this Article IV) by the Indemnifying Party to the Indemnitee as such Liabilities are incurred upon demand by the Indemnitee, including reasonably satisfactory documentation setting forth the basis for the amount of such indemnification or contribution payment, including documentation with respect to calculations made and consideration of any Insurance Proceeds that actually reduce the amount of such Liabilities. The indemnity and contribution provisions contained in this Article IV shall remain operative and in full force and effect, regardless of (i) any investigation made by or on behalf of any Indemnitee, and (ii) the knowledge by the Indemnitee of Liabilities for which it might be entitled to indemnification hereunder.
(b)    Notice of Direct Claims. Any claim for indemnification or contribution under this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement that does not result from a Third-Party Claim shall be asserted by written notice given by the Indemnitee to the applicable Indemnifying Party; provided that the failure by an Indemnitee to so assert any such claim shall not prejudice the ability of the Indemnitee to do so at a later time, except to the extent (if any) that the Indemnifying Party is materially prejudiced thereby. Such Indemnifying Party shall have a period of thirty (30) days after the receipt of such notice within which to respond thereto. If such Indemnifying Party does not respond within such thirty (30)-day period, such specified claim shall be conclusively deemed a Liability of the Indemnifying Party under this Section 4.6(b) or, in the case of any written notice in which the amount of the claim (or any portion thereof) is estimated, on such later date when the amount of the claim (or such portion thereof) becomes finally determined. If such Indemnifying Party does not respond within such thirty (30)-day period or rejects such claim in whole or in part, such Indemnitee shall, subject to the provisions of Article VII, be free to pursue such remedies as may be available to such party as contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements, as applicable, without prejudice to its continuing rights to pursue indemnification or contribution hereunder.
(c)    Pursuit of Claims Against Third Parties. If (i) a Party incurs any Liability arising out of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, (ii) an adequate legal or equitable remedy is not available for any reason against the other Party to satisfy the Liability incurred by
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the incurring Party and (iii) a legal or equitable remedy may be available to the other Party against a Third Party for such Liability, then the other Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cooperate with the incurring Party, at the incurring Party’s expense, to permit the incurring Party to obtain the benefits of such legal or equitable remedy against the Third Party.
(d)    Subrogation. In the event of payment by or on behalf of any Indemnifying Party to any Indemnitee in connection with any Third-Party Claim, such Indemnifying Party shall be subrogated to and shall stand in the place of such Indemnitee as to any events or circumstances in respect of which such Indemnitee may have any right, defense or claim relating to such Third-Party Claim against any claimant or plaintiff asserting such Third-Party Claim or against any other Person. Such Indemnitee shall cooperate with such Indemnifying Party in a reasonable manner, and at the cost and expense of such Indemnifying Party, in prosecuting any subrogated right, defense or claim.
(e)    Substitution. In the event of an Action in which the Indemnifying Party is not a named defendant, if either the Indemnitee or Indemnifying Party shall so request, the Parties shall endeavor to substitute the Indemnifying Party for the named defendant. If such substitution or addition cannot be achieved for any reason or is not requested, the named defendant shall allow the Indemnifying Party to manage the Action as set forth in Section 4.5 and this Section 4.6, and the Indemnifying Party shall fully indemnify the named defendant against all reasonable costs of defending the Action (including court costs, sanctions imposed by a court, attorneys’ fees, experts fees and all other external expenses), the costs of any judgment or settlement and the cost of any interest or penalties relating to any judgment or settlement.
(f)    Tax Matters Agreement Coordination. The above provisions of this Section 4.6 and the provisions of Section 4.2 through Section 4.10 (other than this Section 4.6(f)) shall not apply to Taxes and Tax matters. It is understood and agreed that Taxes and Tax matters, including the control of Tax-related proceedings, shall be governed by the Tax Matters Agreement. In the case of any conflict or inconsistency between this Agreement and the Tax Matters Agreement in relation to any matters addressed by the Tax Matters Agreement, the Tax Matters Agreement shall prevail.
4.7    Right of Contribution.
(a)    Contribution. If any right of indemnification contained in Section 4.2 or Section 4.3 is held unenforceable or is unavailable for any reason, or is insufficient to hold harmless an Indemnitee in respect of any Liability for which such Indemnitee is entitled to indemnification hereunder, then the Indemnifying Party shall contribute to the amounts paid or payable by the Indemnitees as a result of such Liability (or actions in respect thereof) in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect the relative fault of the Indemnifying Party and the members of its Group, on the one hand, and the Indemnitees entitled to contribution, on the other hand, as well as any other relevant equitable considerations.
(b)    Allocation of Relative Fault. Solely for purposes of determining relative fault pursuant to this Section 4.7: (i) any fault associated with the business conducted with the Delayed SpinCo Assets or Delayed SpinCo Liabilities (except for the gross negligence or intentional misconduct of a member of the Parent Group) or with the ownership, operation or
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activities of the SpinCo Business prior to the Effective Time shall be deemed to be the fault of SpinCo and the other members of the SpinCo Group, and no such fault shall be deemed to be the fault of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group; (ii) any fault associated with the business conducted with Delayed Parent Assets or Delayed Parent Liabilities (except for the gross negligence or intentional misconduct of a member of the SpinCo Group) shall be deemed to be the fault of Parent and the other members of the Parent Group, and no such fault shall be deemed to be the fault of SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group; and (iii) any fault associated with the ownership, operation or activities of the Parent Business prior to the Effective Time shall be deemed to be the fault of Parent and the other members of the Parent Group, and no such fault shall be deemed to be the fault of SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group.
4.8    Covenant Not to Sue. Each Party hereby covenants and agrees that none of it, the members of such Party’s Group or any Person claiming through it shall bring suit or otherwise assert any claim against any Indemnitee, or assert a defense against any claim asserted by any Indemnitee, before any court, arbitrator, mediator or administrative agency anywhere in the world, alleging that: (a) the assumption of any SpinCo Liabilities by SpinCo or a member of the SpinCo Group on the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements is void or unenforceable for any reason; (b) the retention of any Parent Liabilities by Parent or a member of the Parent Group on the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements is void or unenforceable for any reason; or (c) the provisions of this Article IV are void or unenforceable for any reason.
4.9    Remedies Cumulative. The remedies provided in this Article IV shall be cumulative and, subject to the provisions of Article VIII, shall not preclude assertion by any Indemnitee of any other rights or the seeking of any and all other remedies against any Indemnifying Party.
4.10    Survival of Indemnities. The rights and obligations of each of Parent and SpinCo and their respective Indemnitees under this Article IV shall survive (a) the sale or other transfer by either Party or any member of its Group of any assets or businesses or the assignment by it of any Liabilities or (b) any merger, consolidation, business combination, sale of all or substantially all of its Assets, restructuring, recapitalization, reorganization or similar transaction involving either Party or any of the members of its Group.
ARTICLE V
CERTAIN OTHER MATTERS
5.1    Insurance Matters.
(a)    Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, Parent and SpinCo agree to cooperate in good faith to attempt to implement an orderly transition of applicable insurance coverage from the date hereof through the Effective Time. In no event shall Parent or any other member of the Parent Group or any Parent Indemnitee have any Liability or obligation whatsoever to any member of the SpinCo Group in the event that any Policy or other Policy-related contract shall be terminated or otherwise cease to be in effect for any reason, shall be
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unavailable or inadequate to cover any Liability of any member of the SpinCo Group for any reason whatsoever or shall not be renewed or extended beyond the current expiration date.
(b)    From and after the Effective Time, with respect to any losses, damages and Liability incurred by any member of the SpinCo Group prior to the Effective Time that constitutes a SpinCo Liability, at the request of SpinCo, Parent will use commercially reasonable efforts to pursue claims, at SpinCo’s sole cost and expense (to the extent not otherwise covered by such insurance policies then in effect prior to the Effective date), on behalf of the applicable member of the SpinCo Group under (with such member of the SpinCo Group entitled to all Insurance Proceeds resulting from or arising out of any such claims) Policies of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group in place immediately prior to the Effective Time (and any extended reporting periods for claims-made Policies of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group) and historical Policies of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group (such Policies, collectively, the “Parent Policies”), but solely to the extent that such Parent Policies provided coverage for the applicable member of the SpinCo Group prior to the Effective Time; provided that such obligation of Parent to make claims on behalf of the applicable member of the SpinCo Group under such Parent Policies shall be subject to the terms and conditions of such Parent Policies, including any limits on coverage or scope, any deductibles, self-insured retentions and other fees and expenses, and shall be subject to the following additional conditions:
(i)    SpinCo shall provide written notification to Parent of any request for Parent to pursue a claim on behalf of the applicable member of the SpinCo Group pursuant to this Section 5.1(b), and Parent shall use commercially reasonable efforts to pursue such claim, at SpinCo’s sole cost and expense (to the extent not otherwise covered by such insurance policies then in effect prior to the Effective date), as promptly as is reasonably practicable;
(ii)    SpinCo and the other members of the SpinCo Group shall indemnify, hold harmless and reimburse Parent and the other members of the Parent Group for any deductibles, self-insured retention, retrospective premium payments, indemnity payments, settlements, judgments, legal fees, allocated claims expenses, claim handling fees and expenses, and other expenses incurred by Parent or any other member of the Parent Group to the extent resulting from any pursuit of any claims on behalf of SpinCo or any other members of the SpinCo Group, whether such claims are pursued on behalf of SpinCo or any other members of the SpinCo Group, employees of SpinCo or any other members of the SpinCo Group, or Third Parties;
(iii)    SpinCo shall, and shall cause the other members of the SpinCo Group to, cooperate with and assist Parent and the other members of the Parent Group and share such Information as is reasonably necessary in order to permit Parent and the other members of the Parent Group to manage and conduct the insurance matters contemplated by this Section 5.1; and
(iv)    SpinCo shall exclusively bear (and neither Parent nor any other member of the Parent Group shall have any obligation to repay or reimburse SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group for) and shall be liable for all excluded, uninsured, uncovered, unavailable or uncollectible amounts of all such claims pursued on
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behalf of SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group under the Parent Policies as provided for in this Section 5.1(b). In the event a Parent Policy aggregate is exhausted, or believed likely to be exhausted, due to noticed claims, the SpinCo Group, on the one hand, and the Parent Group, on the other hand, shall be responsible for their pro rata portion of the reinstatement premium, if any, based upon the losses of such Group submitted to Parent’s insurance carrier(s) (including any submissions prior to the Effective Time). To the extent that the SpinCo Group or the Parent Group is allocated more than its pro rata portion of such premium due to the timing of losses submitted to Parent’s insurance carrier(s), the other party shall promptly pay the first party an amount so that each Group has been properly allocated its pro rata portion of the reinstatement premium. Subject to the following sentence, Parent may elect not to reinstate the Parent Policy aggregate. In the event that Parent elects not to reinstate the Parent Policy aggregate, it shall provide prompt written notice to SpinCo, and SpinCo may direct Parent in writing to, and Parent shall, in such case reinstate the Parent Policy aggregate; provided that SpinCo shall be responsible for all reinstatement premiums and other costs associated with such reinstatement.
In the event that any member of the Parent Group incurs any losses, damages or Liability prior to or in respect of the period prior to the Effective Time for which such member of the Parent Group is entitled to coverage under the Policies of SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group, the same process pursuant to this Section 5.1(b) shall apply, substituting “Parent” for “SpinCo” and “SpinCo” for “Parent”, as applicable.
(c)    Except as provided in Section 5.1(b), from and after the Effective Time, neither SpinCo nor any member of the SpinCo Group shall have any rights to or under any of the Parent Policies. At the Effective Time, SpinCo shall have in effect all insurance programs required to comply with the contractual obligations of SpinCo and the SpinCo Group and such other Policies required by Law or as reasonably necessary or appropriate for companies operating a business similar to SpinCo’s.
(d)    In connection with Parent’s pursuit of a claim on behalf of SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group under any Parent Policy pursuant to this Section 5.1, Parent shall not be required to take any action that would be reasonably likely to: (i) have an adverse impact on the then-current relationship between Parent or any member of the Parent Group, on the one hand, and the applicable insurance company, on the other hand; (ii) result in the applicable insurance company terminating or reducing coverage, or increasing the amount of any premium owed by Parent or any other member of the Parent Group under the applicable Parent Policy; or (iii) otherwise compromise, jeopardize or interfere with the rights of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group under the applicable Parent Policy.
(e)    All payments and reimbursements by SpinCo pursuant to this Section 5.1 shall be made within thirty (30) days after SpinCo’s receipt of an invoice therefor from Parent. If Parent incurs costs to enforce SpinCo’s obligations herein, SpinCo agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Parent for such enforcement costs, including reasonable attorneys’ fees pursuant to Section 4.6. Parent shall retain the exclusive right to control the Parent Policies and the insurance programs of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group, including the right to
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exhaust, settle, release, commute, buy back or otherwise resolve disputes with respect to any such Parent Policies and programs and to amend, modify or waive any rights under any such Parent Policies and programs, notwithstanding whether any such Parent Policies or programs apply to any SpinCo Liabilities and/or claims SpinCo has made or could make in the future, and no member of the SpinCo Group shall erode, exhaust, settle, release, commute, buy back or otherwise resolve disputes with insurers of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group with respect to any of the Parent Policies and the insurance programs of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group, or amend, modify or waive any rights under any such Parent Policies and programs. No member of the Parent Group shall have any obligation to secure extended reporting for any claims under any Parent Policy for any acts or omissions of any member of the SpinCo Group incurred prior to the Effective Time.
(f)    This Agreement shall not be considered as an attempted assignment of any Policy or other Policy-related contract and shall not be construed to waive any right or remedy of any member of the Parent Group in respect of any Policy or other Policy-related contract.
(g)    SpinCo does hereby, for itself and each other member of the SpinCo Group, agree that no member of the Parent Group shall have any Liability whatsoever as a result of the Parent Policies or the insurance practices of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group as in effect at any time, including as a result of the level or scope of any insurance, the creditworthiness of any insurance carrier, the terms and conditions of any policy, or the adequacy or timeliness of any notice to any insurance carrier with respect to any claim or potential claim or otherwise.
5.2    Late Payments. Except as expressly provided to the contrary in this Agreement or in any Ancillary Agreement, any amount not paid when due pursuant to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement (and any amounts billed or otherwise invoiced or demanded and properly payable that are not paid within thirty (30) days after receipt of such bill, invoice or other demand) shall accrue interest at a rate per annum equal to the Prime Rate plus two percent (2%).
5.3    Inducement. SpinCo acknowledges and agrees that Parent’s willingness to cause, effect and consummate the Separation and the Distribution has been conditioned upon and induced by SpinCo’s covenants and agreements in this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements, including SpinCo’s assumption of the SpinCo Liabilities pursuant to the Separation and the provisions of this Agreement and SpinCo’s covenants and agreements contained in Article IV.
5.4    Post-Effective Time Conduct. The Parties acknowledge that, after the Effective Time, each Party shall be independent of the other Party, with responsibility for its own actions and inactions and its own Liabilities relating to, arising out of or resulting from the conduct of its business, operations and activities following the Effective Time, except as may otherwise be provided in any Ancillary Agreement, and each Party shall (except as otherwise provided in Article IV) use commercially reasonable efforts to prevent such Liabilities from being inappropriately borne by the other Party.
5.5    Use of Parent Names.
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(a)    Except as expressly provided in this Section 5.5, SpinCo agrees that neither SpinCo nor any other member of the SpinCo Group shall use, or have or acquire the right to use or any other rights in, the Parent Names.
(b)    As soon as reasonably practicable after the Effective Time, SpinCo shall cause any member of the SpinCo Group having a name, trademark, service mark or logo that includes the Parent Names (“Corporate Names”) to change its name to a name that does not include any Parent Name, including making any legal filings necessary to effect such change. In any event within sixty (60) days after the Effective Time, SpinCo shall file at the applicable local registry all documentation required to effect a name change.
(c)    Except as provided in Section 5.5(b) with respect to the change of Corporate Names, the SpinCo Group may continue temporarily to use the Parent Names following the Effective Time, to the extent and in substantially the same manner as used immediately prior to Effective Time, so long as SpinCo shall, and shall cause it’s other members of the SpinCo Group to, (i) immediately after the Effective Time, cease to hold itself out as having any affiliation with the Parent Group and (ii) use reasonable best efforts to minimize and eliminate use of the Parent Names by the SpinCo Group as soon as practicable; provided, that as soon as practicable after the Effective Time (and in any event within six (6) months thereafter), SpinCo shall, and shall cause it’s the other members of the SpinCo Group to (i) cease and discontinue use of all Parent Names and (ii) complete the removal of the Parent Names from all products, services, platforms, websites, signage, vehicles, properties, technical information, stationery and promotional or other marketing materials and other assets.
(d)    Any use of the Parent Names authorized in this Section 5.5 shall be subject to (x) compliance with the Parent Group’s reasonable quality control requirements and guidelines in effect for the Parent Names and (y) to the extent practicable, the placement of a reasonably appropriate disclaimer on any materials bearing the Parent Names (including stationery, business cards, signage, advertising materials, inventory, packaging, product, service and training literature, and other similar materials) identifying in a readily observable manner that the members of the SpinCo Group are no longer Affiliates of the Parent Group. Any and all goodwill arising from the use of the Parent Names as described in this Section 5.5 shall inure to the sole and exclusive benefit of the Parent Group.
(e)    Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in this Section 5.5 shall preclude either Group from making any reference to the Marks of the other Group in internal historical, tax, employment or similar records or for purposes of disclosures as are reasonably necessary and appropriate to describe the historical relationship of the Parties.
5.6    Non-Competition.
(a)    Non-Competition. Each Party covenants and agrees that, from the Effective Time until the second (2nd) anniversary of the Distribution Date (the “Non-Compete Period”), neither Party will, and will cause each other member of its respective Group not to, directly or indirectly, own, invest in, operate, manage, control, participate or engage in any Prohibited Business (as applicable) without the prior written consent of the other Party; provided, that nothing in this Section 5.6(a) will prohibit (i) the ownership by Parent or SpinCo, as the case
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may be, or any member of its respective Group, of debt, equity or any other class of securities of any Person that owns, invests in, operates, manages, controls, participates or engages directly or indirectly in a Prohibited Business (as applicable), provided ownership of such securities (either directly, indirectly or upon conversion) is less than 5% of such class of securities of such Person or (ii) exercising its rights or performing or complying with its obligations under this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that a merger, acquisition, consolidation or other business combination with or from an affiliated Person that directly or indirectly owns, invests in, operates, manages, controls, participates or engages in a Prohibited Business (so long as such Prohibited Business represents less than 40% of such Person’s consolidated assets or revenue) results in Parent or SpinCo, as the case may be, directly or indirectly owning, investing in, operating, managing, controlling, participating or engaging in a Prohibited Business in breach of this Section 5.6(a) at the time of such transaction, such transaction (and resulting operations of such business) shall not be deemed a breach of this Section 5.6(a) if such party uses commercially reasonable efforts to cure such breach as promptly as practicable (by divestiture or otherwise).
(b)    Remedies; Enforcement. Each Party acknowledges and agrees that (i) injury to the other Party from any breach of the obligations of such party set forth in this Section 5.6 would be irreparable and impossible to measure and (ii) the remedies at law for any breach or threatened breach of this Section 5.6, including monetary damages, would therefore be inadequate compensation for any loss and the other Party shall have the right to specific performance and injunctive or other equitable relief in accordance with Section 10.13, in addition to any and all other rights and remedies at law or in equity, and all such rights and remedies shall be cumulative. Each Party understands and acknowledges that the restrictive covenants and other agreements contained in this Section 5.6 are an essential part of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby. It is the intent of the Parties that the provisions of this Section 5.6 shall be enforced to the fullest extent permissible under applicable Law applied in each jurisdiction in which enforcement is sought. If any particular provision or portion of this Section 5.6 shall be adjudicated to be invalid or unenforceable, such provision or portion thereof shall be deemed amended to the minimum extent necessary to render such provision or portion valid and enforceable, such amendment to apply only with respect to the operation of such provision or portion thereof in the particular jurisdiction in which such adjudication is made.
ARTICLE VI
EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION; CONFIDENTIALITY
6.1    Agreement for Exchange of Information.
(a)    Subject to Section 6.9 and any other applicable confidentiality obligations, each of Parent and SpinCo, on behalf of itself and each member of its Group, agrees to use commercially reasonable efforts to provide or make available, or cause to be provided or made available, to the other Party and the members of such other Party’s Group, at any time before, on or after the Effective Time, as soon as reasonably practicable after written request therefor, any information (or a copy thereof) in the possession or under the control of such Party or its Group that the requesting Party or its Group requests and, with respect to clause (iii), access to the
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facilities, systems, infrastructure and personnel of such Party or its Group, in each case to the extent that (i) such information relates to the SpinCo Business, or any SpinCo Asset or SpinCo Liability, if SpinCo is the requesting Party, or to the Parent Business, or any Parent Asset or Parent Liability, if Parent is the requesting Party, (ii) such information is required by the requesting Party to comply with its obligations under this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement or (iii) such information is required by the requesting Party to comply with any laws or regulations or stock exchange rules or obligations imposed by any Governmental Authority, including, without limitation, the obligation to verify the accuracy of internal controls over information technology reporting of financial data and related processes employed in connection with verifying compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; provided, however, that, in the event that the Party to whom the request has been made determines that any such provision of information could be detrimental to the Party providing the information, violate any Law or agreement, or waive any privilege available under applicable Law, including any attorney-client privilege, then the Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to permit compliance with such obligations to the extent and in a manner that avoids any such harm or consequence.  The Party providing information pursuant to this Section 6.1 shall only be obligated to provide such information in the form, condition and format in which it then exists, and in no event shall such Party be required to perform any improvement, modification, conversion, updating or reformatting of any such information, and nothing in this Section 6.1 shall expand the obligations of any Party under Section 6.4. Each Party shall cause its and its Subsidiaries’ employees to, and shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cause its Representatives’ employees to, when on the property of any Party or its Subsidiaries, or when given access to any facilities, systems, infrastructure or personnel of the other Party or any members of its Group, conform to the policies and procedures of such Party and its Group concerning health, safety, conduct and security that are made known or provided to the accessing Party from time to time.
(b)    Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, until the end of Parent’s fiscal year during which the Distribution Date occurs (and for a reasonable period of time afterwards as required for each Party to prepare consolidated financial statements or complete a financial statement audit for the fiscal year during which the Distribution Date occurs), each Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cooperate with the other Party’s information requests to enable (i) the other Party to meet its timetable for dissemination of its earnings releases, financial statements and management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures and its internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Items 307 and 308, respectively, of Regulation S-K promulgated under the Exchange Act and (ii) the other Party’s accountants to timely complete their review of the quarterly financial statements and audit of the annual financial statements, including, to the extent applicable to such Party, its auditor’s audit of its internal control over financial reporting and management’s assessment thereof in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the SEC’s and Public Company Accounting Oversight Board’s rules and auditing standards thereunder and any other applicable Laws.
(c)    Subject to any limitation imposed by applicable Law and to the extent that it has not done so before the Effective Time, Parent shall transfer to SpinCo any employment
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records (including any Form I-9, Form W-2 or other IRS forms) with respect to SpinCo Group Employees and Former SpinCo Group Employees and other records reasonably required by SpinCo to enable SpinCo to properly carry out its obligations under this Agreement. Such transfer of records generally shall occur as soon as administratively practicable at or after the Effective Time. Each Party shall permit the other Party reasonable access to its employee records, to the extent reasonably necessary for such accessing Party to carry out its obligations hereunder.
6.2    Ownership of Information. The provision of any information pursuant to Section 6.1 or Section 6.7 shall not affect the ownership of such information (which shall be determined solely in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements), or constitute a grant of rights in or to any such information.
6.3    Compensation for Providing Information. The Party requesting information after the Effective Time agrees to reimburse the other Party for the reasonable costs, if any, of creating, gathering, copying, transporting and otherwise complying with the request with respect to such information (including any reasonable costs and expenses incurred in any review of information for purposes of protecting the Privileged Information of the providing Party or in connection with the restoration of backup media for purposes of providing the requested information). Except as may be otherwise specifically provided elsewhere in this Agreement, any Ancillary Agreement or any other agreement between the Parties, such costs shall be computed in accordance with the providing Party’s standard methodology and procedures.
6.4    Record Retention.
(a)    To facilitate the possible exchange of information pursuant to this Article VI and other provisions of this Agreement after the Effective Time, the Parties agree to use commercially reasonable efforts, which shall be no less rigorous than those used for retention of such Party’s own information, to retain all information in their respective possession or control at the Effective Time, including all Employee-related information, in accordance with the policies of Parent as in effect at the Effective Time or such other policies as may be adopted by Parent after the Effective Time (provided, in the case of SpinCo, that Parent notifies SpinCo of any such change). Notwithstanding the foregoing, Section 9.01 of the Tax Matters Agreement will govern the retention of Tax-related records, and Section 7.02(a) of the Employee Matters Agreement will govern the retention of employment- and benefits-related records.
(b)    Each Party shall preserve and keep all documents subject to a litigation hold as of the date of this Agreement until such Party has been notified that such litigation hold is no longer applicable.
6.5    Limitations of Liability. Neither Party shall have any Liability to the other Party in the event that any information exchanged or provided pursuant to this Agreement is found to be inaccurate in the absence of gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct by the Party providing such information. Neither Party shall have any Liability to any other Party if any information is destroyed after commercially reasonable efforts by such Party to comply with the provisions of Section 6.4.
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6.6    Other Agreements Providing for Exchange of Information.
(a)    The rights and obligations granted under this Article VI are subject to any specific limitations, qualifications or additional provisions on the sharing, exchange, retention or confidential treatment of information set forth in any Ancillary Agreement.
(b)    Any Party that receives, pursuant to a request for information in accordance with this Article VI, Tangible Information that is not relevant to its request shall, at the request of the providing Party, (i) return it to the providing Party or, at the providing Party’s request, destroy such Tangible Information and (ii) deliver to the providing Party written confirmation that such Tangible Information was returned or destroyed, as the case may be, which confirmation shall be signed by an authorized representative of the requesting Party.
6.7    Production of Witnesses; Records; Cooperation.
(a)    After the Effective Time, except in the case of a Dispute between Parent and SpinCo, or any members of their respective Groups, each Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to make available to the other Party, upon written request, the former, current and future directors, officers, employees, other personnel and agents of the members of its respective Group as witnesses and any books, records or other documents within its control or which it otherwise has the ability to make available without undue burden, to the extent that any such person (giving consideration to business demands of such directors, officers, employees, other personnel and agents) or books, records or other documents may reasonably be required in connection with any Action in which the requesting Party (or member of its Group) may from time to time be involved, regardless of whether such Action is a matter with respect to which indemnification may be sought hereunder. The requesting Party shall bear all costs and expenses in connection therewith.
(b)    If an Indemnifying Party chooses to defend or to seek to compromise or settle any Third-Party Claim, the other Party shall make available to such Indemnifying Party, upon written request, the former, current and future directors, officers, employees, other personnel and agents of the members of its respective Group as witnesses and any books, records or other documents within its control or which it otherwise has the ability to make available without undue burden, to the extent that any such person (giving consideration to business demands of such directors, officers, employees, other personnel and agents) or books, records or other documents may reasonably be required in connection with such defense, settlement or compromise, or such prosecution, evaluation or pursuit, as the case may be, and shall otherwise cooperate in such defense, settlement or compromise, or such prosecution, evaluation or pursuit, as the case may be.
(c)    Without limiting the foregoing, the Parties shall cooperate and consult to the extent reasonably necessary with respect to any Actions.
(d)    Without limiting any provision of this Section 6.7, each of the Parties agrees to cooperate, and to cause each member of its respective Group to cooperate, with each other in the defense of any infringement or similar claim with respect to any Intellectual Property Rights and shall not claim to acknowledge, or permit any member of its respective Group to
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claim to acknowledge, the validity or infringing use of any Intellectual Property Rights of a Third Party in a manner that would hamper or undermine the defense of such infringement or similar claim.
(e)    The obligation of the Parties to provide witnesses pursuant to this Section 6.7 is intended to be interpreted in a manner so as to facilitate cooperation and shall include the obligation to provide as witnesses directors, officers, employees, other personnel and agents without regard to whether such person or the employer of such person could assert a possible business conflict (subject to the exception set forth in the first sentence of Section 6.7(a)).
(f)    Without limiting any provision of this Section 6.7, each Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cooperate and work together to unify, consolidate and share (to the extent permissible under applicable privacy/data protection Laws) all relevant documents, resolutions, government filings, data, payroll, employment and benefit plan information on regular timetables and cooperate as needed with respect to (i) any claims under or audit of or litigation with respect to any employee benefit plan, policy or arrangement contemplated by this Agreement, (ii) efforts to seek a determination letter, private letter ruling or advisory opinion from the IRS or U.S. Department of Labor on behalf of any employee benefit plan, policy or arrangement contemplated by this Agreement, (iii) any filings that are required to be made or supplemented to the IRS, U.S. Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, U.S. Department of Labor or any other Governmental Authority, and (iv) any audits by a Governmental Authority or corrective actions, relating to any Benefit Plan, labor or payroll practices; provided, however, that requests for cooperation must be reasonable and not interfere with daily business operations.
6.8    Privileged Matters.
(a)    The Parties recognize that legal and other professional services that have been and will be provided prior to the Effective Time have been and will be rendered for the collective benefit of each of the members of the Parent Group and the SpinCo Group, and that each of the members of the Parent Group and the SpinCo Group should be deemed to be the client with respect to such services for the purposes of asserting all privileges that may be asserted under applicable Law in connection therewith. The Parties recognize that legal and other professional services will be provided following the Effective Time, which services will be rendered solely for the benefit of the Parent Group or the SpinCo Group, as the case may be. In furtherance of the foregoing, each Party shall authorize the delivery to and/or retention by the other Party of materials existing as of the Effective Time that are necessary for such other Party to perform such services.
(b)    The Parties agree as follows:
(i)    Parent shall be entitled, in perpetuity, to control the assertion or waiver of all privileges and immunities in connection with any Privileged Information that relates solely to the Parent Business and not to the SpinCo Business, whether or not the Privileged Information is in the possession or under the control of any member of the Parent Group or any member of the SpinCo Group. Parent shall also be entitled, in perpetuity, to control the assertion or waiver of all privileges and immunities in
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connection with any Privileged Information that relates solely to any Parent Liabilities resulting from any Actions that are now pending or may be asserted in the future, whether or not the Privileged Information is in the possession or under the control of any member of the Parent Group or any member of the SpinCo Group.
(ii)    SpinCo shall be entitled, in perpetuity, to control the assertion or waiver of all privileges and immunities in connection with any Privileged Information that relates solely to the SpinCo Business and not to the Parent Business, whether or not the Privileged Information is in the possession or under the control of any member of the SpinCo Group or any member of the Parent Group. SpinCo shall also be entitled, in perpetuity, to control the assertion or waiver of all privileges and immunities in connection with any Privileged Information that relates solely to any SpinCo Liabilities resulting from any Actions that are now pending or may be asserted in the future, whether or not the Privileged Information is in the possession or under the control of any member of the SpinCo Group or any member of the Parent Group.
(iii)    If the Parties do not agree as to whether certain information is Privileged Information, then such information shall be treated as Privileged Information, and the Party that believes that such information is Privileged Information shall be entitled to control the assertion or waiver of all privileges and immunities in connection with any such information, unless the Parties otherwise agree.  The Parties shall use the procedures set forth in Article VII to resolve any disputes as to whether any information relates solely to the Parent Business, solely to the SpinCo Business, or to both the Parent Business and the SpinCo Business.
(c)    Subject to the remaining provisions of this Section 6.8, the Parties agree that they shall have a shared privilege or immunity with respect to all privileges and immunities not allocated pursuant to Section 6.8(b) and all privileges and immunities relating to any Actions or other matters that involve both Parties (or one (1) or more members of their respective Groups) and in respect of which both Parties have Liabilities under this Agreement, and that no such shared privilege or immunity may be waived by either Party without the consent of the other Party.
(d)    If any Dispute arises between the Parties or any members of their respective Groups regarding whether a privilege or immunity should be waived to protect or advance the interests of either Party and/or any member of their respective Groups, each Party agrees that it shall (i) negotiate with the other Party in good faith, (ii) endeavor to minimize any prejudice to the rights of the other Party and (iii) not unreasonably withhold consent to any request for waiver by the other Party.  Further, each Party specifically agrees that it shall not withhold its consent to the waiver of a privilege or immunity for any purpose, except in good faith to protect its own legitimate interests.
(e)    In the event of any Dispute between Parent and SpinCo, or any members of their respective Groups, either Party may waive a privilege in which the other Party or member of such other Party’s Group has a shared privilege, without obtaining consent pursuant to Section 6.8(c); provided that the Parties intend such waiver of a shared privilege to be effective only as to the use of information with respect to the Action between the Parties and/or
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the applicable members of their respective Groups, and is not intended to operate as a waiver of the shared privilege with respect to any Third Party.
(f)    Upon receipt by either Party, or by any member of its respective Group, of any subpoena, discovery or other request that may reasonably be expected to result in the production or disclosure of Privileged Information subject to a shared privilege or immunity or as to which another Party has the sole right hereunder to assert a privilege or immunity, or if either Party obtains knowledge that any of its, or any member of its respective Group’s, current or former directors, officers, agents or employees has received any subpoena, discovery or other request that may reasonably be expected to result in the production or disclosure of such Privileged Information, such Party shall promptly notify the other Party of the existence of the request (which notice shall be delivered to such other Party no later than five (5) business days following the receipt of any such subpoena, discovery or other request) and shall provide the other Party a reasonable opportunity to review the Privileged Information and to assert any rights it or they may have under this Section 6.8 or otherwise, to prevent the production or disclosure of such Privileged Information.
(g)    Any furnishing of, or access or transfer of, any information pursuant to this Agreement is made in reliance on the agreement between Parent and SpinCo set forth in this Section 6.8 and in Section 6.9 to maintain the confidentiality of Privileged Information and to assert and maintain all applicable privileges and immunities. The Parties agree that their respective rights to any access to information, witnesses and other Persons, the furnishing of notices and documents and other cooperative efforts between the Parties contemplated by this Agreement, and the transfer of Privileged Information between the Parties and members of their respective Groups as needed pursuant to this Agreement, shall not be deemed a waiver of any privilege that has been or may be asserted under this Agreement or otherwise.
(h)    In connection with any matter contemplated by Section 6.7 or this Section 6.8, the Parties agree to, and to cause the applicable members of their Group to, use commercially reasonable efforts to maintain their respective separate and joint privileges and immunities, including by executing joint defense and/or common interest agreements where necessary or useful for this purpose.
6.9    Confidentiality.
(a)    Confidentiality. Subject to Section 6.10, from and after the Effective Time until the five (5)-year anniversary of the Effective Time, each of Parent and SpinCo, on behalf of itself and each member of its respective Group, agrees to hold, and to cause its respective Representatives to hold, in strict confidence, with at least the same degree of care that applies to Parent’s confidential and proprietary information pursuant to policies in effect as of the Effective Time, all confidential and proprietary information concerning the other Party or any member of the other Party’s Group or their respective businesses that is either in its possession (including confidential and proprietary information in its possession prior to the date hereof) or furnished by any such other Party or any member of such Party’s Group or their respective Representatives at any time pursuant to this Agreement, any Ancillary Agreement or otherwise, and shall not use any such confidential and proprietary information other than for such purposes as shall be expressly permitted hereunder or thereunder, except, in each case, to the extent that such
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confidential and proprietary information has been (i) in the public domain or generally available to the public, other than as a result of a disclosure by such Party or any member of such Party’s Group or any of their respective Representatives in violation of this Agreement, (ii) later lawfully acquired from other sources by such Party (or any member of such Party’s Group), which sources are not themselves bound by a confidentiality obligation or other contractual, legal or fiduciary obligation of confidentiality with respect to such confidential and proprietary information, or (iii) independently developed or generated without reference to or use of any confidential or proprietary information of the other Party or any member of such Party’s Group. If any confidential and proprietary information of one Party or any member of its Group is disclosed to the other Party or any member of such other Party’s Group in connection with providing services to such first Party or any member of such first Party’s Group under this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, then such disclosed confidential and proprietary information shall be used only as required to perform such services.
(b)    No Release; Return or Destruction. Each Party agrees not to release or disclose, or permit to be released or disclosed, any information addressed in Section 6.9(a) to any other Person, except its Representatives who need to know such information in their capacities as such (who shall be advised of their obligations hereunder with respect to such information), and except in compliance with Section 6.10. Without limiting the foregoing, when any such information is no longer needed for the purposes contemplated by this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, and is no longer subject to any legal hold or other document preservation obligation, each Party will promptly after request of the other Party either return to the other Party all such information in a tangible form (including all copies thereof and all notes, extracts or summaries based thereon) or notify the other Party in writing that it has destroyed such information (and such copies thereof and such notes, extracts or summaries based thereon); provided, that the Parties may retain electronic backup versions of such information maintained on routine computer system backup tapes, disks or other backup storage devices; provided, further, that any such information so retained shall remain subject to the confidentiality provisions of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.
(c)    Third-Party Information; Privacy or Data Protection Laws. Each Party acknowledges that it and members of its Group may presently have and, following the Effective Time, may gain access to or possession of confidential or proprietary information of, or legally protected personal information relating to, Third Parties (i) that was received under privacy policies and/or confidentiality or non-disclosure agreements entered into between such Third Parties, on the one hand, and the other Party or members of such other Party’s Group, on the other hand, prior to the Effective Time, or (ii) that, as between the two (2) Parties, was originally collected by the other Party or members of such other Party’s Group and that may be subject to and protected by privacy policies, as well as privacy, data protection or other applicable Laws. Each Party agrees that it shall hold, protect and use, and shall cause the members of its Group and its and their respective Representatives to hold, protect and use, in strict confidence the confidential and proprietary information of, or legally protected personal information relating to, Third Parties in accordance with privacy policies and privacy, data protection or other applicable Laws and the terms of any agreements that were either entered into before the Effective Time or affirmative commitments or representations that were made before the Effective Time by,
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between or among the other Party or members of the other Party’s Group, on the one hand, and such Third Parties, on the other hand.
6.10    Protective Arrangements. In the event that a Party or any member of its Group either determines on the advice of its counsel that it is required to disclose any information pursuant to applicable Law or receives any request or demand under lawful process or from any Governmental Authority to disclose or provide information of the other Party (or any member of the other Party’s Group) that is subject to the confidentiality provisions hereof, such Party shall notify the other Party (to the extent legally permitted) as promptly as practicable under the circumstances prior to disclosing or providing such information and shall cooperate, at the expense of the other Party, in seeking any appropriate protective order requested by the other Party. In the event that such other Party fails to receive such appropriate protective order in a timely manner and the Party receiving the request or demand reasonably determines that its failure to disclose or provide such information shall actually prejudice the Party receiving the request or demand, then the Party that received such request or demand may thereafter disclose or provide information to the extent required by such Law (as so advised by its counsel) or by lawful process or such Governmental Authority, and the disclosing Party shall promptly provide the other Party with a copy of the information so disclosed, in the same form and format so disclosed, together with a list of all Persons to whom such information was disclosed, in each case to the extent legally permitted.
ARTICLE VII
DISPUTE RESOLUTION
7.1    Good Faith Officer Negotiation. Subject to Section 7.4, either Party seeking resolution of any dispute, controversy or claim arising out of or relating to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement (including regarding whether any Assets are SpinCo Assets, any Liabilities are SpinCo Liabilities or the validity, interpretation, breach or termination of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement) (a “Dispute”), shall provide written notice thereof to the other Party (the “Officer Negotiation Request”). Within fifteen (15) days after the delivery of the Officer Negotiation Request, the Parties shall attempt to resolve the Dispute through good faith negotiation. All such negotiations shall be conducted by executives who hold, at a minimum, the title of Senior Vice President and who have authority to settle the Dispute. All such negotiations shall be confidential and shall be treated as compromise and settlement negotiations for purposes of applicable rules of evidence. If the Parties are unable for any reason to resolve a Dispute within fifteen (15) days after receipt of the Officer Negotiation Request, and such fifteen (15)-day period is not extended by mutual written consent of the Parties, the Chief Executive Officers of the Parties shall enter into good faith negotiations in accordance with Section 7.2.
7.2    CEO Negotiation. If any Dispute is not resolved pursuant to Section 7.1, the Party that delivered the Officer Negotiation Request shall provide written notice of such Dispute to the Chief Executive Officer of each Party (a “CEO Negotiation Request”). As soon as reasonably practicable following receipt of a CEO Negotiation Request, the Chief Executive Officers of the Parties shall begin conducting good faith negotiations with respect to such Dispute. All such negotiations shall be confidential and shall be treated as compromise and
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settlement negotiations for purposes of applicable rules of evidence. If the Chief Executive Officers of the Parties are unable for any reason to resolve a Dispute within fifteen (15) days after receipt of a CEO Negotiation Request, and such fifteen (15)-day period is not extended by mutual written consent of the Parties, the Dispute shall be submitted to arbitration in accordance with Section 7.3.
7.3    Arbitration.
(a)    In the event that a Dispute has not been resolved within fifteen (15) days after the receipt of a CEO Negotiation Request in accordance with Section 7.2, or within such longer period as the Parties may agree in writing, then such Dispute shall, upon the written request of a Party (the “Arbitration Request”), be submitted to be finally resolved by binding arbitration. The JAMS Streamlined Arbitration Rules and Procedures (“JAMS Streamlined Rules”) in effect at the time of the arbitration shall govern the arbitration, except as they may be modified herein or by mutual written agreement of the Parties. The arbitration shall be held in (i) New York City, New York or (ii) such other place as the Parties may mutually agree in writing. Unless otherwise agreed by the Parties in writing, any Dispute to be decided pursuant to this Section 7.3 will be decided (x) before a sole arbitrator if the amount in dispute, inclusive of all claims and counterclaims, totals less than $10,000,000, or (y) by a panel of three (3) arbitrators if the amount in dispute, inclusive of all claims and counterclaims, totals $10,000,000 or more.
(b)    The panel of three (3) arbitrators will be chosen as follows: (i) within fifteen (15) days from the date of the receipt of the Arbitration Request, each Party will name an arbitrator; and (ii) the two (2) Party-appointed arbitrators will thereafter, within thirty (30) days from the date on which the second (2nd) of the two (2) arbitrators was named, name a third (3rd), independent arbitrator who will act as chairperson of the arbitral tribunal. In the event that either Party fails to name an arbitrator within fifteen (15) days from the date of receipt of the Arbitration Request, then upon written application by either Party, that arbitrator shall be appointed pursuant to the JAMS Streamlined Rules. In the event that the two (2) Party-appointed arbitrators fail to appoint the third (3rd), then the third (3rd) independent arbitrator will be appointed pursuant to the JAMS Streamlined Rules. If the arbitration will be before a sole independent arbitrator, then the sole independent arbitrator will be appointed by agreement of the Parties within fifteen (15) days from the date of receipt of the Arbitration Request. If the Parties cannot agree to a sole independent arbitrator during such fifteen (15)-day period, then upon written application by either party, the sole independent arbitrator will be appointed pursuant to the JAMS Streamlined Rules.
(c)    The arbitrator(s) will have the right to award, on an interim basis, or include in the final award, any relief that it deems proper in the circumstances, including money damages (with interest on unpaid amounts from the due date), injunctive relief (including specific performance) and attorneys’ fees and costs; provided that the arbitrator(s) will not award any relief not specifically requested by the Parties and, in any event, will not award any indirect, punitive, exemplary, remote, speculative or similar damages in excess of compensatory damages of the other arising in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby (other than any such Liability with respect to a Third-Party Claim). Upon selection of the arbitrator(s) following any grant of interim relief by a special arbitrator or court pursuant to Section 7.4, the arbitrator(s)
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may affirm or disaffirm that relief, and the Parties will seek modification or rescission of the order entered by the court as necessary to accord with the decision of the arbitrator(s). The award of the arbitrator(s) shall be final and binding on the Parties, and may be enforced in any court of competent jurisdiction. The initiation of arbitration pursuant to this Article VII will toll the applicable statute of limitations for the duration of any such proceedings. Notwithstanding applicable state law, the arbitration and this agreement to arbitrate shall be governed by the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 1, et seq.
7.4    Litigation and Unilateral Commencement of Arbitration. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Article VII, (a) a Party may seek preliminary provisional or injunctive judicial relief with respect to a Dispute without first complying with the procedures set forth in Section 7.1, Section 7.2 and Section 7.3 if such action is reasonably necessary to avoid irreparable damage, and (b) either Party may initiate arbitration before the expiration of the periods specified in Section 7.1, Section 7.2 and Section 7.2 if such Party has submitted an Officer Negotiation Request, a CEO Negotiation Request and/or an Arbitration Request and the other Party has failed to comply with Section 7.1, Section 7.2 and/or Section 7.3 in good faith with respect to such negotiation and/or the commencement and engagement in arbitration. In such event, the other Party may commence and prosecute such arbitration unilaterally in accordance with the provisions of the JAMS Streamlined Rules.
7.5    Conduct During Dispute Resolution Process. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the Parties shall, and shall cause the respective members of their Groups to, continue to honor all commitments under this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to the extent required by such agreements during the course of dispute resolution pursuant to the provisions of this Article VII, unless such commitments are the specific subject of the Dispute at issue.
7.6    Dispute Resolution Coordination. Except to the extent otherwise provided in Section 14 of the Tax Matters Agreement, the provisions of this Article VII (other than this Section 7.6) shall not apply with respect to the resolution of any dispute, controversy or claim arising out of or relating to Taxes or Tax matters (it being understood and agreed that the resolution of any dispute, controversy or claim arising out of or relating to Taxes or Tax matters shall be governed by the Tax Matters Agreement).
ARTICLE VIII
FURTHER ASSURANCES AND ADDITIONAL COVENANTS
8.1    Further Assurances.
(a)    In addition to the actions specifically provided for elsewhere in this Agreement, each of the Parties shall use reasonable best efforts, prior to, on and after the Effective Time, to take, or cause to be taken, all actions, and to do, or cause to be done, all things, reasonably necessary, proper or advisable under applicable Laws, regulations and agreements to consummate and make effective the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements.
(b)    Without limiting the foregoing, prior to, on and after the Effective Time, each Party hereto shall cooperate with the other Party, and without any further consideration, but
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at the expense of the requesting Party, to execute and deliver, or use reasonable best efforts to cause to be executed and delivered, all instruments, including instruments of conveyance, assignment and transfer, and to make all filings with, and to obtain all Approvals or Notifications of, any Governmental Authority or any other Person under any permit, license, agreement, indenture or other instrument (including any consents or Governmental Approvals), and to take all such other actions as such Party may reasonably be requested to take by the other Party from time to time, consistent with the terms of this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements, in order to effectuate the provisions and purposes of this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements and the transfers of the SpinCo Assets and the Parent Assets and the assignment and assumption of the SpinCo Liabilities and the Parent Liabilities and the other transactions contemplated hereby and thereby. Without limiting the foregoing, each Party will, at the reasonable request, cost and expense of the other Party, take such other actions as may be reasonably necessary to vest in such other Party good and marketable title to the Assets allocated to such Party under this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements, free and clear of any Security Interest, if and to the extent it is practicable to do so.
(c)    On or prior to the Effective Time, Parent and SpinCo in their respective capacities as direct and indirect stockholders of the members of their Groups, shall each ratify any actions that are reasonably necessary or desirable to be taken by Parent, SpinCo or any of the members of their respective Groups, as the case may be, to effectuate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements.
(d)    Parent and SpinCo, and each of the members of their respective Groups, waive (and agree not to assert against any of the others) any claim or demand that any of them may have against any of the others for any Liabilities or other claims relating to or arising out of: (i) the failure of SpinCo or any other member of the SpinCo Group, on the one hand, or of Parent or any other member of the Parent Group, on the other hand, to provide any notification or disclosure required under any state Environmental Law in connection with the Separation or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the transfer by any member of any Group to any member of the other Group of ownership or operational control of any Assets not previously owned or operated by such transferee; or (ii) any inadequate, incorrect or incomplete notification or disclosure under any such state Environmental Law by the applicable transferor. To the extent any Liability to any Governmental Authority or any Third Party arises out of any action or inaction described in clauses (i) or (ii) above, the transferee of the applicable Asset hereby assumes and agrees to pay any such Liability.
ARTICLE IX
TERMINATION
9.1    Termination. This Agreement and all Ancillary Agreements may be terminated and the Distribution may be amended, modified or abandoned at any time prior to the Effective Time by Parent, in its sole and absolute discretion, without the approval or consent of any other Person, including SpinCo. After the Effective Time, this Agreement may not be terminated, except by an agreement in writing signed by a duly authorized officer of each of the Parties.
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9.2    Effect of Termination. In the event of any termination of this Agreement prior to the Effective Time, no Party (nor any of its directors, officers or employees) shall have any Liability or further obligation to the other Party by reason of this Agreement.
ARTICLE X
MISCELLANEOUS
10.1    Counterparts; Entire Agreement; Corporate Power.
(a)    This Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement may be executed in one or more counterparts, all of which shall be considered one and the same agreement, and shall become effective when one or more counterparts have been signed by each of the Parties and delivered to the other Party.
(b)    This Agreement, the Ancillary Agreements and the Exhibits, Schedules and appendices hereto and thereto contain the entire agreement between the Parties with respect to the subject matter hereof, supersede all previous agreements, negotiations, discussions, writings, understandings, commitments and conversations with respect to such subject matter, and there are no agreements or understandings between the Parties other than those set forth or referred to herein or therein. This Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements together govern the arrangements in connection with the Separation and the Distribution and would not have been entered into independently.
(c)    Parent represents on behalf of itself and each other member of the Parent Group, and SpinCo represents on behalf of itself and each other member of the SpinCo Group, as follows:
(i)    each such Person has the requisite corporate or other power and authority and has taken all corporate or other action necessary in order to execute, deliver and perform this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which it is a party and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby; and
(ii)    this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement to which it is a party has been duly executed and delivered by it and constitutes a valid and binding agreement of it enforceable in accordance with the terms thereof.
(d)    Each Party acknowledges that it and each other Party is executing certain of the Ancillary Agreements by facsimile, stamp or mechanical signature, and that delivery of an executed counterpart of a signature page to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement (whether executed by manual, stamp or mechanical signature) by facsimile or by e-mail in portable document format (.pdf) shall be effective as delivery of such executed counterpart of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement. Each Party expressly adopts and confirms each such facsimile, stamp or mechanical signature (regardless of whether delivered in person, by mail, by courier, by facsimile or by e-mail in portable document format (.pdf)) made in its respective name as if it were a manual signature delivered in person, agrees that it will not assert that any such signature or delivery is not adequate to bind such Party to the same extent as if it were signed manually and delivered in person and agrees that, at the reasonable request of the other Party at any time, it will as promptly as reasonably practicable cause each such Ancillary
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Agreement to be manually executed (any such execution to be as of the date of the initial date thereof) and delivered in person, by mail or by courier.
10.2    Governing Law. This Agreement and, unless expressly provided therein, each Ancillary Agreement (and any claims or disputes arising out of or related hereto or thereto or to the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby or to the inducement of any party to enter herein and therein, whether for breach of contract, tortious conduct or otherwise and whether predicated on common law, statute or otherwise) shall be governed by and construed and interpreted in accordance with the Laws of the State of Delaware irrespective of the choice of laws principles of the State of Delaware, including all matters of validity, construction, effect, enforceability, performance and remedies.
10.3    Assignability. Except as set forth in any Ancillary Agreement, this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the Parties and the parties thereto, respectively, and their respective successors and permitted assigns; provided, however, that neither Party nor any such party thereto may assign its rights or delegate its obligations under this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement without the express prior written consent of the other Party hereto or other parties thereto, as applicable. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no such consent shall be required for the assignment of a Party’s rights and obligations under this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements (except as may be otherwise provided in any such Ancillary Agreement) in whole (i.e., the assignment of a Party’s rights and obligations under this Agreement and all Ancillary Agreements at the same time) in connection with a change of control or a sale of all or substantially all of a Party (or its assets) so long as the resulting, surviving or transferee Person assumes all the obligations of the relevant party thereto by operation of Law or pursuant to an agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the other Party.
10.4    Third Party Beneficiaries. Except for the indemnification rights under this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement of any Parent Indemnitee or SpinCo Indemnitee in their respective capacities as such, (a) the provisions of this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement are solely for the benefit of the Parties and are not intended to confer upon any Person except the Parties any rights or remedies hereunder, and (b) there are no Third Party beneficiaries of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement and neither this Agreement nor any Ancillary Agreement shall provide any Third Party with any remedy, claim, Liability, reimbursement, claim of action or other right in excess of those existing without reference to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.
10.5    Notices. All notices, requests, claims, demands or other communications under this Agreement and, to the extent applicable and unless otherwise provided therein, under each of the Ancillary Agreements, shall be in writing and shall be given or made (and except as provided herein, shall be deemed to have been duly given or made upon receipt) by delivery in person, by overnight courier service, by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by electronic mail (“e-mail”), so long as confirmation of receipt of such e-mail is requested and received, to the respective Parties at the following addresses (or at such other address for a Party as shall be specified in a notice given in accordance with this Section 10.5):
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If to Parent, to:
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Five American Lane
Greenwich, Connecticut 06831
Attention: Deputy Chief Financial Officer, Ravi Tulsyan
E-mail:     ravi.tulsyan@xpo.com
with a copy (which shall not constitute notice), to:
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
51 West 52nd Street
New York, New York 10019
Attention:Adam O. Emmerich
Viktor Sapezhnikov
E-mail:AOEmmerich@wlrk.com
VSapezhnikov@wlrk.com
If to SpinCo (prior to the Effective Time), to:
GXO Logistics, Inc.
Two American Lane
Greenwich, Connecticut 06831
Attention:Chief Legal Officer, Karlis Kirsis
E-mail:Karlis.Kirsis@gxo.com
with a copy (which shall not constitute notice), to:
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
51 West 52nd Street
New York, New York 10019
Attention:Adam O. Emmerich
Viktor Sapezhnikov
E-mail:AOEmmerich@wlrk.com
VSapezhnikov@wlrk.com
If to SpinCo (from and after the Effective Time), to:
GXO Logistics, Inc.
Two American Lane
Greenwich, Connecticut 06831
Attention: Chief Legal Officer, Karlis Kirsis
E-mail:Karlis.Kirsis@gxo.com
with a copy (which shall not constitute notice), to:
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
51 West 52nd Street
New York, New York 10019
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Attention:Adam O. Emmerich
Viktor Sapezhnikov
E-mail:AOEmmerich@wlrk.com
VSapezhnikov@wlrk.com
A Party may, by notice to the other Party, change the address to which such notices are to be given or made.
10.6    Severability. If any provision of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement or the application thereof to any Person or circumstance is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, void or unenforceable, the remaining provisions hereof or thereof, or the application of such provision to Persons or circumstances or in jurisdictions other than those as to which it has been held invalid or unenforceable, shall remain in full force and effect and shall in no way be affected, impaired or invalidated thereby. Upon such determination, the Parties shall negotiate in good faith in an effort to agree upon such a suitable and equitable provision to effect the original intent of the Parties.
10.7    Force Majeure. No Party shall be deemed in default of this Agreement or, unless otherwise expressly provided therein, any Ancillary Agreement for any delay or failure to fulfill any obligation (other than a payment obligation) hereunder or thereunder so long as and to the extent to which any delay or failure in the fulfillment of such obligation is prevented, frustrated, hindered or delayed as a consequence of circumstances of Force Majeure. In the event of any such excused delay, the time for performance of such obligations (other than a payment obligation) shall be extended for a period equal to the time lost by reason of the delay. A Party claiming the benefit of this provision shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after the occurrence of any such event, (a) provide written notice to the other Party of the nature and extent of any such Force Majeure condition and (b) use commercially reasonable efforts to remove any such causes and resume performance under this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements, as applicable, as soon as reasonably practicable.
10.8    No Set-Off. Except as expressly set forth in any Ancillary Agreement or as otherwise mutually agreed to in writing by the Parties, neither Party nor any member of such Party’s group shall have any right of set-off or other similar rights with respect to (a) any amounts received pursuant to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement or (b) any other amounts claimed to be owed to the other Party or any member of its Group arising out of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.
10.9    Expenses. Except as otherwise expressly set forth in this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, or as otherwise agreed to in writing by the Parties, all fees, costs and expenses incurred on or prior to the Effective Time in connection with the preparation, execution, delivery and implementation of this Agreement, including the Separation and the Distribution, and any Ancillary Agreement, the Separation, the Form 10, the Plan of Reorganization and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby will be borne by the Party or its applicable Subsidiary incurring such fees, costs or expenses. The Parties agree that certain specified costs and expenses shall be allocated between the Parties as set forth on Schedule 10.9.
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10.10    Headings. The article, section and paragraph headings contained in this Agreement and in the Ancillary Agreements are for reference purposes only and shall not affect in any way the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.
10.11    Survival of Covenants. Except as expressly set forth in this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, the covenants, representations and warranties contained in this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement, and Liability for the breach of any obligations contained herein, shall survive the Separation and the Distribution and shall remain in full force and effect.
10.12    Waivers of Default. Waiver by a Party of any default by the other Party of any provision of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement shall not be deemed a waiver by the waiving Party of any subsequent or other default, nor shall it prejudice the rights of the other Party. No failure or delay by a Party in exercising any right, power or privilege under this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall a single or partial exercise thereof prejudice any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right, power or privilege.
10.13    Specific Performance. Subject to the provisions of Article VII, in the event of any actual or threatened default in, or breach of, any of the terms, conditions and provisions of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, the Party or Parties who are, or are to be, thereby aggrieved shall have the right to specific performance and injunctive or other equitable relief in respect of its or their rights under this Agreement or such Ancillary Agreement, in addition to any and all other rights and remedies at law or in equity, and all such rights and remedies shall be cumulative. The Parties agree that the remedies at law for any breach or threatened breach, including monetary damages, are inadequate compensation for any loss and that any defense in any action for specific performance that a remedy at law would be adequate is waived. Any requirements for the securing or posting of any bond with such remedy are waived by each of the Parties.
10.14    Amendments. No provisions of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement shall be deemed waived, amended, supplemented or modified by a Party, unless such waiver, amendment, supplement or modification is in writing and signed by the authorized representative of the Party against whom it is sought to enforce such waiver, amendment, supplement or modification.
10.15    Interpretation. In this Agreement and in any Ancillary Agreement: (a) words in the singular shall be deemed to include the plural and vice versa and words of one gender shall be deemed to include the other genders as the context requires; (b) the terms “hereof,” “herein,” and “herewith” and words of similar import shall, unless otherwise stated, be construed to refer to this Agreement (or the applicable Ancillary Agreement) as a whole (including all of the Schedules, Exhibits and Appendices hereto and thereto) and not to any particular provision of this Agreement (or such Ancillary Agreement); (c) Article, Section, Schedule, Exhibit and Appendix references are to the Articles, Sections, Schedules, Exhibits and Appendices to this Agreement (or the applicable Ancillary Agreement), unless otherwise specified; (d) unless otherwise stated, all references to any agreement (including this Agreement and each Ancillary Agreement) shall be deemed to include the exhibits, schedules and annexes
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(including all Schedules, Exhibits and Appendixes) to such agreement; (e) the word “including” and words of similar import when used in this Agreement (or the applicable Ancillary Agreement) shall mean “including, without limitation,” unless otherwise specified; (f) the word “or” shall not be exclusive; (g) unless otherwise specified in a particular case, the word “days” refers to calendar days; (h) references to “business day” shall mean any day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or a day on which banking institutions are generally authorized or required by law to close in the United States or New York, New York; (i) references herein to this Agreement or any other agreement contemplated herein shall be deemed to refer to this Agreement or such other agreement as of the date on which it is executed and as it may be amended, modified or supplemented thereafter, unless otherwise specified; and (j) unless expressly stated to the contrary in this Agreement or in any Ancillary Agreement, all references to “the date hereof,” “the date of this Agreement,” “hereby” and “hereupon” and words of similar import shall all be references to August 1, 2021.
10.16    Limitations of Liability. Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, neither SpinCo or any member of the SpinCo Group, on the one hand, nor Parent or any member of the Parent Group, on the other hand, shall be liable under this Agreement to the other for any indirect, incidental, punitive, exemplary, remote, speculative or similar damages in excess of compensatory damages of the other arising in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby (other than any such Liability with respect to a Third-Party Claim).
10.17    Performance. Parent will cause to be performed, and hereby guarantees the performance of, all actions, agreements and obligations set forth in this Agreement or in any Ancillary Agreement to be performed by any member of the Parent Group. SpinCo will cause to be performed, and hereby guarantees the performance of, all actions, agreements and obligations set forth in this Agreement or in any Ancillary Agreement to be performed by any member of the SpinCo Group. Each Party (including its permitted successors and assigns) further agrees that it will (a) give timely notice of the terms, conditions and continuing obligations contained in this Agreement and any applicable Ancillary Agreement to all of the other members of its Group and (b) cause all of the other members of its Group not to take any action or fail to take any such action inconsistent with such Party’s obligations under this Agreement, any Ancillary Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby.
10.18    Mutual Drafting. This Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements shall be deemed to be the joint work product of the Parties and any rule of construction that a document shall be interpreted or construed against a drafter of such document shall not be applicable.
10.19    Ancillary Agreements.
(a)    In the event of any conflict or inconsistency between the terms of this Agreement and the terms of the Transition Services Agreement, the Tax Matters Agreement, the Employee Matters Agreement or the Intellectual Property License Agreement (each, a “Specified Ancillary Agreement”), the terms of the applicable Specified Ancillary Agreement, shall control with respect to the subject matter addressed by such Specified Ancillary Agreement to the extent of such conflict or inconsistency.
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(b)    In the event of any conflict or inconsistency between the terms of this Agreement or any Specified Ancillary Agreement, on the one hand, and any Transfer Document, on the other hand, including with respect to the allocation of Assets and Liabilities as among the Parties or the members of their respective Groups, this Agreement or such Specified Ancillary Agreement shall control.
[Remainder of page intentionally left blank]

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have caused this Separation and Distribution Agreement to be executed by their duly authorized representatives as of the date first written above.
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
By:/s/ Ravi Tulsyan
Name:Ravi Tulsyan
Title:Deputy Chief Financial Officer & Treasurer
GXO LOGISTICS, INC.
By:/s/ Karlis P. Kirsis
Name:Karlis P. Kirsis
Title:Chief Legal Officer

[Signature Page to Separation and Distribution Agreement]
Document
Exhibit 10.1


TRANSITION SERVICES AGREEMENT
BY AND BETWEEN
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
AND
GXO LOGISTICS, INC.
DATED AS OF AUGUST 1, 2021



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS
2
Section 1.01    Definitions
2
ARTICLE II SERVICES
5
Section 2.01    Services.
5
Section 2.02    Performance of Services.
7
Section 2.03    Charges for Services
9
Section 2.04    Reimbursement for Out-of-Pocket Costs and Expenses
9
Section 2.05    Changes in the Performance of Services.
9
Section 2.06    Transitional Nature of Services
10
Section 2.07    Subcontracting
10
Section 2.08    Contract Manager
11
ARTICLE III OTHER ARRANGEMENTS
11
Section 3.01    Access.
11
ARTICLE IV BILLING; TAXES
12
Section 4.01    Late Payments
13
Section 4.02    Taxes.
13
Section 4.03    No Set-Off
13
Section 4.04    Audit Rights
13
ARTICLE V TERM AND TERMINATION
14
Section 5.01    Term
14
Section 5.02    Early Termination.
14
Section 5.03    Interdependencies
15
Section 5.04    Effect of Termination
16
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Section 5.05    Information Transmission
16
ARTICLE VI CONFIDENTIALITY; PROTECTIVE ARRANGEMENTS
16
Section 6.01    Parent and SpinCo Obligations
16
Section 6.02    No Release; Return or Destruction
17
Section 6.03    Privacy and Data Protection Laws
17
Section 6.04    Protective Arrangements
17
ARTICLE VII LIMITED LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATION
18
Section 7.01    Limitations on Liability.
18
Section 7.02    Obligation to Re-Perform; Liabilities
19
Section 7.03    Third-Party Claims
19
Section 7.04    Provider Indemnity
19
Section 7.05    Recipient Indemnity
19
Section 7.06    Indemnification Procedures
20
ARTICLE VIII MISCELLANEOUS
20
Section 8.01    Mutual Cooperation
20
Section 8.02    Further Assurances
20
Section 8.03    Audit Assistance
20
Section 8.04    Title to Intellectual Property
21
Section 8.05    Independent Contractors
21
Section 8.06    Counterparts; Entire Agreement; Corporate Power.
21
Section 8.07    Governing Law
22
Section 8.08    Assignability
22
Section 8.09    Notices
23
Section 8.10    Severability
25
Section 8.11    Force Majeure
25
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Section 8.12    Headings
25
Section 8.13    Survival of Covenants
25
Section 8.14    Waivers of Default
26
Section 8.15    Dispute Resolution.
26
Section 8.16    Specific Performance
27
Section 8.17    Amendments
27
Section 8.18    Precedence of Schedules
27
Section 8.19    Interpretation
27
Section 8.20    Mutual Drafting
28
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TRANSITION SERVICES AGREEMENT
This TRANSITION SERVICES AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”) is entered into as of August 1, 2021, by and between XPO Logistics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Parent”), and GXO Logistics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“SpinCo”).
R E C I T A L S:
WHEREAS, the board of directors of Parent (the “Parent Board”) has determined that it is in the best interests of Parent and its stockholders to create a new publicly traded company that shall operate the SpinCo Business;
WHEREAS, in furtherance of the foregoing, the Parent Board has determined that it is appropriate and desirable to separate the SpinCo Business from the Parent Business (the “Separation”) and, following the Separation, make a distribution, on a pro rata basis, to holders of Parent Shares on the Record Date of all the outstanding SpinCo Shares owned by Parent (the “Distribution”);
WHEREAS, SpinCo has been incorporated solely for these purposes and has not engaged in activities, except in connection with the Separation and the Distribution;
WHEREAS, SpinCo and Parent have prepared, and SpinCo has filed with the SEC, the Form 10, which includes the Information Statement, and which sets forth disclosures concerning SpinCo, the Separation and the Distribution;
WHEREAS, to effectuate the Separation and the Distribution, Parent and SpinCo have entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of August 1, 2021 (the “Separation and Distribution Agreement”);
WHEREAS, to facilitate and provide for an orderly transition in connection with the Separation and the Distribution, the Parties desire to enter into this Agreement to set forth the terms and conditions pursuant to which each of the Parties shall provide Services to the other Party for a transitional period; and
WHEREAS, the Parties acknowledge that this Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement, and the other Ancillary Agreements represent the integrated agreement of Parent and SpinCo relating to the Separation and the Distribution, are being entered together, and would not have been entered independently.
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements, provisions and covenants contained in this Agreement, and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the Parties, intending to be legally bound, hereby agree as follows:



ARTICLE I
DEFINITIONS
Section 1.01    Definitions. For purposes of this Agreement (including the Recitals hereof), the following terms have the following meanings, and capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning ascribed to them in the Separation and Distribution Agreement:
Action” has the meaning in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Additional Services” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.01(b).
Affiliate” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.
Ancillary Agreements” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Charge” and “Charges” have the meaning set forth in Section 2.03.
Confidential Information” means all Information that is either confidential or proprietary.
Contract Manager” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.08.
Dispute” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.16(a).
Distribution” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Distribution Date” means the date of the consummation of the Distribution, which shall be determined by the Parent Board in its sole and absolute discretion.
Effective Time” means 12:01 a.m., New York City time, on the Distribution Date.
e-mail” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.10
Force Majeure” means, with respect to a Party, an event beyond the reasonable control of such Party (or any Person acting on its behalf), which event (a) does not arise or result from the fault or negligence of such Party (or any Person acting on its behalf) and (b) by its nature would not reasonably have been foreseen by such Party (or such Person), or, if it would reasonably have been foreseen, was unavoidable, and includes acts of God, acts of civil or military authority, embargoes, epidemics, pandemics, war, riots, insurrections, fires, explosions, earthquakes, floods, unusually severe weather conditions, labor problems or unavailability of
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parts, or, in the case of computer systems, any significant and prolonged failure in electrical or air conditioning equipment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) the receipt by a Party of an unsolicited takeover offer or other acquisition proposal, even if unforeseen or unavoidable, and such Party’s response thereto and (ii) the inability to obtain sufficient funds needed for the performance of a Party’s obligation hereunder, shall not be deemed an event of Force Majeure.
Governmental Authority” has the meaning in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Information” has the meaning in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Interest Payment” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.02.
Law” has the meaning in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Level of Service” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.02(c).
Liabilities” has the meaning in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Non-Income Taxes” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.03(a).
Parent” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.
Parent Board” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Parent Business” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Parent Shares” means the shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of Parent.
Party” or “Parties” means the parties to this Agreement.
Person” has the meaning in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Project Work” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.01(c).
Provider” means, with respect to any Service, the Party providing such Service.
Provider Indemnitees” has the meaning set forth in Section 7.03.
Recipient” means, with respect to any Service, the Party receiving such Service.
Recipient Indemnitees” has the meaning set forth in Section 7.04.
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Record Date” means the close of business on the date to be determined by the Parent Board as the record date for determining holders of Parent Shares entitled to receive SpinCo Shares pursuant to the Distribution.
Representatives” has the meaning in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Separation” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Separation and Distribution Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Service Baseline Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.02(c).
Service Period” means, with respect to any Service, the period commencing on the Distribution Date and ending on the earliest to occur of (a) the date that a Party terminates the provision of such Service pursuant to Section 5.02 and (b) the earlier of the date, if any, specified for termination of such Service on the Schedules hereto or twelve months from the Effective Date.
Services” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.01(a).
SpinCo” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.
SpinCo Business” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
SpinCo Change of Control” means the first of the following events, if any, to occur following the Distribution Date:
(i)    the acquisition by any person, entity or “group” (as defined in Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act) of beneficial ownership of fifty percent (50%) or more of the combined voting power of SpinCo’s then-outstanding voting securities, other than any such acquisition by SpinCo, any of its Subsidiaries, any employee benefit plan of SpinCo or any of its Subsidiaries, or any Affiliates of any of the foregoing;
(ii)    the merger, consolidation or other similar transaction involving SpinCo, as a result of which persons who were stockholders of SpinCo immediately prior to such merger, consolidation, or other similar transaction do not, immediately thereafter, own, directly or indirectly, more than fifty percent (50%) of the combined voting power entitled to vote generally in the election of directors of the merged or consolidated company; or
(iii)    the sale, transfer or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of SpinCo and its Subsidiaries.
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SpinCo Shares” means the shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of SpinCo.
Subsidiary” has the meaning in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Tax” has the meaning in the Tax Matters Agreement.
Tax Matters Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Taxing Authority” has the meaning in the Tax Matters Agreement.
Termination Charges” shall mean, with respect to the termination of any Service pursuant to Section 4.02(a)(i), the sum of (a) any and all costs, fees and expenses (other than any severance or retention costs) payable by Provider of such Service to a Third Party principally because of the early termination of such Service; provided, however, that Provider shall use commercially reasonable efforts to minimize any costs, fees or expenses payable to any Third Party in connection with such early termination of such Service and credit any such reductions against the Termination Charges payable by Recipient; and (b) any additional severance and retention costs, if any, because of the early termination of such Service that Provider of such terminated Service incurs to employees who had been retained primarily to provide such terminated Service (it being agreed that the costs set forth in this clause (b) shall only be the amount, if any, in excess of the severance and retention costs that such Provider would have paid to such employees if the Service had been provided for the full period during which such Service would have been provided hereunder but for such early termination).
Third Party” means any Person other than the Parties or any of their respective Affiliates.
Third-Party Claim” means any Action commenced by any Third Party against any Party or any of its Affiliates.
ARTICLE II
SERVICES
Section 2.01    Services.
(a)    Commencing as of the Effective Time, Provider agrees to provide, or to cause one or more of its Subsidiaries to provide, to Recipient, or any Subsidiary of Recipient, the applicable services (the “Services”) set forth on the Schedules hereto.
(b)    After the date of this Agreement, if (i) SpinCo identifies a service that Parent provided to SpinCo during the last sixty (60) days prior to the Distribution Date that SpinCo reasonably needs in order for the SpinCo Business to continue to operate in substantially
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the same manner in which the SpinCo Business operated during the last sixty (60) days prior to the Distribution Date, and such service was not included on the Schedules hereto (other than because the Parties agreed such service shall not be provided), or (ii) Parent identifies a service that SpinCo provided to Parent during the last sixty (60) days prior to the Distribution Date that Parent reasonably needs in order for the Parent Business to continue to operate in substantially the same manner in which the Parent Business operated during the last sixty (60) days prior to the Distribution Date, and such service was not included on the Schedules hereto (other than because the Parties agreed such service shall not be provided) then, in each case, if such Party provides written notice to the other Party within sixty (60) days after the Distribution Date requesting such additional services, then the Party receiving such notice shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to provide such requested additional services (such requested additional services, the “Additional Services”); provided, however, that neither Party shall be obligated to provide any Additional Service if it does not, in its commercially reasonable judgment, have adequate resources to provide such Additional Service or if the provision of such Additional Service would significantly disrupt the operation of such Party’s or its Subsidiaries’ businesses; and provided, further, that a Party shall not be required to provide any Additional Services if the Parties, acting reasonably and in good faith, are unable to reach agreement on the terms thereof (including with respect to Charges therefor). In connection with any request for Additional Services in accordance with this Section 2.01(b), the Parties shall negotiate in good faith the terms of a supplement to the applicable Schedule, which terms shall be consistent with the terms of, and the pricing methodology used for, similar Services provided under this Agreement. Upon the mutual written agreement of the Parties, the supplement to the applicable Schedule shall describe in reasonable detail the nature, scope, Service Period(s), termination provisions and other terms applicable to such Additional Services in a manner similar to that in which the Services are described in the existing Schedules. Each supplement to the applicable Schedule, as agreed to in writing by the Parties, shall be deemed part of this Agreement as of the date of such agreement and the Additional Services set forth therein shall be deemed “Services” provided under this Agreement, in each case subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement.
(c)    After the date of this Agreement, if SpinCo identifies in good faith that additional work project support or resources are reasonably required to transition off the Services, including with respect to any migration, and such service was not included on the Schedules hereto (other than because the Parties agreed such service shall not be provided) and does qualify as “Additional Services” pursuant to Section 2.01(b), then, if SpinCo provides written notice to Parent during the Term hereof requesting such additional work project support or resources, Parent shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to provide such requested additional work project support or resources (such requested additional work project support or resources, the “Project Work”); provided, however, that Parent shall be obligated to provide any
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Project Work if it does not, in its commercially reasonable judgment, have adequate resources to provide such Project Work or if the provision of such Project Work would significantly disrupt the operation of Parent’s or its Subsidiaries’ businesses; and provided, further, that Parent shall not be required to provide any Project Work if the Parties, acting reasonably and in good faith, are unable to reach agreement on the terms thereof (it being agreed that the Charges for such Project Work that is to be performed by employees of Parent shall be billed at the rate set forth in the Schedules hereto under the heading “Project Work”). Upon the mutual written agreement of the Parties, the supplement to the applicable Schedule shall describe in reasonable detail the nature, scope, Service Period(s), termination provisions and other terms applicable to such Project Work in a manner similar to that in which the Services are described in the existing Schedules. Each supplement to the applicable Schedule, as agreed to in writing by the Parties, shall be deemed part of this Agreement as of the date of such agreement and the Project Work set forth therein shall be deemed “Services” provided under this Agreement, in each case subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement.
(d)    It is not the intent of Provider to render, nor of Recipient to receive from Provider, professional advice or opinions, whether with regard to Tax, generally accepted accounting principles, legal, treasury, finance, employment or other business and financial matters, technical advice, whether with regard to information technology or other matters; Recipient shall not rely on, or construe, any Service rendered by or on behalf of Provider as such professional advice or opinions or technical advice; and Recipient shall seek all third-party professional advice and opinions or technical advice as it may desire or need from persons other than Provider or its Affiliates.
Section 2.02    Performance of Services.
(a)    Subject to Section 2.05, Provider shall perform, or shall cause one or more of its Subsidiaries to perform (directly, through one or more of its Subsidiaries, or through a Third Party service provider in accordance herewith), all Services to be provided in a manner that is substantially similar in all material respects to the analogous services provided by or on behalf of Provider or any of its Subsidiaries to its applicable functional group or Subsidiary during the twelve (12)-month period ending on the last day of Provider’s last fiscal quarter completed on or prior to the date of the Distribution Date (the “Service Baseline Period”) and that in any event, conforms in all material respects with the terms of the Schedules hereto.
(b)    Nothing in this Agreement shall require Provider to perform or cause to be performed any Service to the extent that the manner of such performance would constitute a violation of any applicable Law or any existing contract or agreement with a Third Party. If Provider is or becomes aware that any such violation is reasonably likely, Provider shall use commercially reasonable efforts to promptly advise Recipient of such potential violation, and Provider and Recipient will mutually seek an alternative that addresses such potential violation.
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The Parties agree to cooperate in good faith and use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain any necessary Third Party consents required under any existing contract or agreement with a Third Party to allow Provider to perform, or cause to be performed, all Services to be provided hereunder in accordance with the standards set forth in this Section 2.02. Recipient shall reimburse Provider for all reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses (if any) incurred by Provider or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with obtaining any such Third Party consent that is required to allow Provider to perform or cause to be performed such Services. If, with respect to a Service, the Parties, despite the use of such commercially reasonable efforts, are unable to obtain a required Third Party consent, or the performance of such Service by Provider would constitute a violation of any applicable Law, Provider shall have no obligation whatsoever to perform or cause to be performed such Service.
(c)    Unless otherwise provided with respect to a specific Service on the Schedules hereto, Provider shall not be obligated to perform or cause to be performed any Service in a manner that is more burdensome in any material respect (with respect to service quality or quantity) than analogous services provided by Provider or its applicable functional group or Subsidiary (collectively referred to as the “Level of Service”) during the Service Baseline Period. If Recipient requests that Provider perform or cause to be performed any Service that exceeds the Level of Service during the Service Baseline Period, then the Parties shall cooperate and negotiate in good faith to determine whether Provider will be required to provide such requested increased Level of Service. If the Parties determine that Provider shall provide the requested increased Level of Service, then such increased Level of Service shall be documented in a written agreement signed by the Parties. Each amended section of the Schedules hereto, as agreed in writing by the Parties, shall be deemed part of this Agreement as of the date of such written agreement, and the Level of Service increases set forth in such written agreement shall be deemed a part of the “Services” provided under this Agreement, in each case subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement.
(d)    (i) Neither Provider nor any of its Subsidiaries shall be required to perform or cause to be performed any of the Services for the benefit of any Third Party or any other Person other than Recipient and its Subsidiaries, and (ii) EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED IN SECTION 6.04, RECIPIENT ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT ALL SERVICES ARE PROVIDED ON AN “AS-IS” BASIS, THAT RECIPIENT ASSUMES ALL RISK AND LIABILITY ARISING FROM OR RELATING TO ITS USE OF AND RELIANCE UPON THE SERVICES, AND THAT PROVIDER MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR GRANTS ANY WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, EITHER IN FACT OR BY OPERATION OF LAW, BY STATUTE OR OTHERWISE, WITH RESPECT TO THE SERVICES. PROVIDER SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES, WHETHER WRITTEN OR ORAL, OR EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE OR PURPOSE
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OR THE NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS OF THIRD PARTIES.
(e)    Each Party shall be responsible for its own compliance with any and all Laws applicable to its performance under this Agreement. No Party shall knowingly take any action in violation of any such applicable Law that results in Liability being imposed on the other Party.
Section 2.03    Charges for Services. Unless otherwise provided with respect to a specific Service on the Schedules hereto, Recipient shall pay Provider a fee (either one (1)-time or recurring) for such Services (or category of Services, as applicable) (each fee, a “Charge” and, collectively, “Charges”), which Charges shall be set forth on the applicable Schedules hereto, or if not so set forth, then, unless otherwise provided with respect to a specific Service on the Schedule hereto, based upon the cost of providing such Services. During the term of this Agreement, the amount of a Charge for any Service may be modified to the extent of (a) any adjustments mutually agreed by the Parties, (b) any adjustments due to a change in Level of Service requested by Recipient and agreed by Provider, and (c) any adjustment in the rates or charges imposed by any Third-Party service provider that is providing Services; provided that Provider will use commercially reasonable efforts to notify Recipient of any such material change in rates as promptly as practicable. Together with any invoice for Charges, Provider shall provide Recipient with reasonable documentation, including any additional documentation reasonably requested by Recipient to the extent that such documentation is in Provider’s or its Subsidiaries’ possession or control, to support the calculation of such Charges.
Section 2.04    Reimbursement for Out-of-Pocket Costs and Expenses. In addition to any increase to a Charge contemplated by Section 2.02(c) and Section 2.03, Recipient shall reimburse Provider for reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred by Provider or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with providing the Services (including reasonable travel-related expenses) to the extent that such costs and expenses are not reflected in the Charges for such Services; provided, however, that any such cost or expense in excess of ten thousand dollars ($10,000.00) that is not consistent with historical practice between the Parties for any individual Service (including business travel and related expenses) shall require advance written approval of Recipient; provided, further, that if Recipient does not provide such advance written approval and the incurrence of such cost or expense is reasonably necessary for Provider to provide such Service in accordance with the standards set forth in this Agreement, Provider shall not be required to perform such Service. Any authorized travel-related expenses incurred in performing the Services shall be charged to Recipient in accordance with Provider’s then-applicable business travel policies.
Section 2.05    Changes in the Performance of Services.
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(a)    Notwithstanding the foregoing, Provider may make changes from time to time in the manner of performing the Services if Provider is making similar changes in performing analogous services for itself and if Provider furnishes to Recipient reasonable prior written notice (in content and timing) of such changes; provided, that if such change shall materially adversely affect the timeliness or quality of, or the Charges for, the applicable Service, the Parties shall cooperate in good faith to agree on modifications to such Services as are commercially reasonable in consideration of the circumstances.
(b)    Subject to the limitations on Additional Services or Project Work set forth in Section 2.02(b), Recipient may request a change to a Service by submitting a request in writing to Provider describing the proposed change in reasonable detail. Provider shall respond to the request as soon as reasonably practicable, and the Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to agree to such request, unless the change requested would adversely impact the cost, liability, or risk associated with providing or receiving the applicable Service, or cause any other disruption or adverse impact on the business or operations of Recipient or its Affiliates. Each agreed upon change shall be documented by an amendment in writing to the applicable Schedule.
Section 2.06    Transitional Nature of Services. The Parties acknowledge the transitional nature of the Services and agree to cooperate in good faith and to use commercially reasonable efforts to avoid a disruption in the transition of the Services from Provider to Recipient (or its designee). Recipient agrees to use commercially reasonable efforts to reduce or eliminate its and its Affiliates’ dependency on each Service to the extent and as soon as is reasonably practicable.
Section 2.07    Subcontracting. Provider may hire or engage one or more Third Parties to perform any or all of its obligations under this Agreement; provided, however, that (a) Provider shall use substantially the same degree of care (but at least reasonable care) in selecting each such Third Party as it would if such Third Party was being retained to provide similar services to Provider and (b) Provider shall in all cases remain responsible (as primary obligor) for all of its obligations under this Agreement with respect to the scope of the Services, the performance standard for Services set forth in Sections 2.02(a), 2.02(b) and 2.02(c) and the content of the Services provided to Recipient. Provider shall be liable for any breach of its obligations under this Agreement by any Third-Party service provider engaged by Provider. Subject to the confidentiality provisions set forth in Article V, Provider shall, and shall cause its Affiliates to, provide, upon fifteen (15) business days’ prior written notice, any Information within Provider’s or its Affiliates’ control that Recipient reasonably requests in connection with any Services being provided to Recipient by a Third Party, including any applicable invoices, agreements documenting the arrangements between such Third Party and Provider and other supporting documentation; provided, further, that Recipient may make no more than one (1) such request per Third Party during any calendar quarter.
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Section 2.08    Contract Manager. Each Party shall appoint an individual to act as its primary point of operational contact for the administration and operation of this Agreement (each, a “Contract Manager”) who shall have overall responsibility for coordinating all activities undertaken by such Party hereunder, for acting as a day-to-day contact with the other Party, and for making available to the other Party the data, facilities, resources and other support services required for the performance of the services in accordance with the terms of this Agreement; provided that for each Service, the Contract Manager shall be permitted to delegate the foregoing responsibilities for such Service to an individual identified on the Schedules, and such representative shall be deemed to be the Contract Manager with respect to such Service. The initial Contract Managers for the Parties are set forth on the applicable Schedules. The Parties may change their respective Contract Managers from time to time upon notice to the other Party in accordance herewith.
ARTICLE III
OTHER ARRANGEMENTS
Section 3.01    Access.
(a)    Upon reasonable advance written notice, SpinCo shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, allow Parent and its Subsidiaries and their respective Representatives reasonable access to the facilities of SpinCo and its Subsidiaries that is necessary for Parent and its Subsidiaries to fulfill their obligations under this Agreement. In addition to the foregoing right of access, SpinCo shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, afford Parent, its Subsidiaries and their respective Representatives, upon reasonable advance written notice, reasonable access during normal business hours to the facilities, Information, systems, infrastructure and personnel of SpinCo and its Subsidiaries as reasonably necessary for Parent to verify the adequacy of internal controls over information technology, reporting of financial data and related processes employed in connection with the Services being provided by SpinCo or its Subsidiaries, including in connection with verifying compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; provided that (i) such access shall not unreasonably interfere with any of the business or operations of SpinCo or any of its Subsidiaries and (ii) in the event that SpinCo determines that providing such access could violate any applicable Law or agreement or waive any attorney-client privilege, then the Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to permit such access in a manner that avoids any such consequence. Parent agrees that all of its and its Subsidiaries’ employees shall, and that it shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cause its Representatives’ employees to, when on the property of SpinCo or its Subsidiaries, or when given access to any facilities, Information, systems, infrastructure or personnel of SpinCo or its Subsidiaries, conform to the policies and procedures of SpinCo and its Subsidiaries, as applicable, concerning health, safety, conduct and security which are made known or provided to Parent from time to time.
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(b)    Upon reasonable advance written notice, Parent shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, allow SpinCo and its Subsidiaries and their respective Representatives reasonable access to the facilities of Parent and its Subsidiaries that is necessary for SpinCo and its Subsidiaries to fulfill their obligations under this Agreement. In addition to the foregoing right of access, Parent shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, afford SpinCo, its Subsidiaries and their respective Representatives, upon reasonable advance written notice, reasonable access during normal business hours to the facilities, Information, systems, infrastructure and personnel of Parent and its Subsidiaries as reasonably necessary for SpinCo to verify the adequacy of internal controls over information technology, reporting of financial data and related processes employed in connection with the Services being provided by Parent or its Subsidiaries, including in connection with verifying compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; provided that (i) such access shall not unreasonably interfere with any of the business or operations of Parent or any of its Subsidiaries and (ii) in the event that Parent determines that providing such access could violate any applicable Law or agreement or waive any attorney-client privilege, then the Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to permit such access in a manner that avoids any such consequence. SpinCo agrees that all of its and its Subsidiaries’ employees shall, and that it shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cause its Representatives’ employees to, when on the property of Parent or its Subsidiaries, or when given access to any facilities, Information, systems, infrastructure or personnel of Parent or its Subsidiaries, conform to the policies and procedures of Parent and its Subsidiaries, as applicable, concerning health, safety, conduct and security which are made known or provided to SpinCo from time to time.
ARTICLE IV
BILLING; TAXES
Setion 4.01.    Procedure. Recipient shall pay, or cause to be paid to, Provider the fees for the Services as set forth in this Agreement, including, as applicable, on the Schedules, and, without duplication, all other costs incurred by Provider as set forth in this Agreement. Amounts payable pursuant to this Agreement shall be paid by wire transfer or Automated Clearing House payment (or such other method of payment as may be agreed between the Parties from time to time) to Provider (as directed by Provider), which amounts shall be due (a) in the case of recurring fees, on a quarterly basis on or prior to the first (1st) day of the calendar quarter for which the applicable Service is to be provided, and (b) in the case of all other amounts, within thirty (30) days of Recipient’s receipt of each invoice for Charges, including reasonable documentation pursuant to Section 2.03. All amounts due and payable hereunder shall be paid in U.S. dollars. In the event of any billing dispute, Recipient shall promptly pay any undisputed amount.
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Section 4.01    Late Payments. Charges not paid when due (including any undisputed amounts) pursuant to this Agreement (and any amounts billed or otherwise invoiced or demanded and properly payable that are not paid within thirty (30) days of the receipt of such bill, invoice or other demand) shall accrue interest at a rate per annum equal to the Prime Rate plus two percent (2%) (the “Interest Payment”).
Section 4.02    Taxes.
(a)    Without limiting any provisions of this Agreement, Recipient shall be responsible for and shall pay any and all excise, sales, use, value-added, goods and services, transfer, stamp, documentary, filing, recordation and other similar Taxes, in each case, imposed or, payable with respect to, or assessed as a result of the provision of Services by Provider or any fees or charges (including any Charges) payable by Recipient pursuant to this Agreement (collectively, “Non-Income Taxes”), but excluding any Taxes measured by reference to net income. The Party required to account for such Non-Income Tax shall provide to the other Party appropriate Tax invoices and, if applicable, evidence of the remittance of the amount of such Non-Income Tax to the relevant Governmental Authority. The Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to minimize Non-Income Taxes and to obtain any refund, return, rebate or the like of any Non-Income Tax, including by filing any necessary exemption or other similar forms, certificates or other similar documents, in each case, to the extent legally permissible.
(b)    Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Agreement, Recipient shall be entitled to deduct and withhold from any payment to Provider any such Taxes that Recipient is required by any applicable Law to withhold. To the extent any amounts are so deducted and withheld, Recipient shall timely pay when due such deducted and withheld amounts to the proper Governmental Authority and promptly provide to Provider evidence of such payment to such Governmental Authority. The Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to minimize withholding Taxes to the extent legally permissible.
(c)    If Provider (i) receives any refund (whether by payment, offset, credit or otherwise) or (ii) utilizes any overpayment, in each case, of Taxes that were borne by Recipient pursuant to this Agreement, then Provider shall promptly pay, or cause to be paid, to Recipient an amount equal to such refund or overpayment, net of any additional Taxes payable by Provider as a result of the receipt of such refund or such overpayment.
Section 4.03    No Set-Off. Except as mutually agreed in writing by the Parties, no Party nor any of its Affiliates shall have any right of set-off or other similar rights with respect to (a) any amounts received pursuant to this Agreement or (b) any other amounts claimed to be owed to the other Party or any of its Subsidiaries arising out of this Agreement.
Section 4.04    Audit Rights. Subject to the confidentiality provisions of this Agreement, each Party shall, and shall cause their respective Affiliates to, provide, upon ten (10) days’ prior
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written notice from the other Party, any Information within such Party’s or its Affiliates’ possession that the requesting Party reasonably requests in connection with any Services being provided to such requesting Party by the other Party or a Third Party service provider, including any applicable invoices or other supporting documentation, and in the case of a Third Party service provider, agreements documenting the arrangements between such Third Party service provider and Provider; provided, however, that each Party shall make no more than one such request during any calendar month. The requesting Party shall reimburse the other Party for any reasonable, documented, out-of-pocket costs incurred in connection with such other Party providing such information.
ARTICLE V
TERM AND TERMINATION
Section 5.01    Term. This Agreement shall commence at the Effective Time and shall terminate upon the earliest to occur of (a) the close of business on the last day of the last Service Period with respect to any Service either Party is obligated to provide to the other Party in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the Schedules hereto and (b) the mutual written agreement of the Parties to terminate this Agreement in its entirety. Unless otherwise terminated pursuant to Section 4.02, this Agreement shall terminate with respect to each Service as of the close of business on the last day of the Service Period for such Service; provided that Recipient may request to extend any Service Period for any Service to the extent reasonably necessary, in order to continue the operations of the Recipient in a manner consistent with its operations during the Service Baseline Period, by providing written notice to the Provider, specifying the requested length of such extension, no later than fifteen (15) days prior to the scheduled end of the Service Period with respect to such Service. Upon receipt of such extension request, the Provider shall continue to perform such Service for the extended period as set out in such extension request on the same terms and conditions as are provided on the applicable Schedule and this Agreement; provided, however, that the cost set forth in the applicable Schedule for the applicable Service shall be increased by twenty percent (20%) with respect to any such Service each three (3) month period occurring after the initial Service Period. Without the prior agreement of the Provider, in no event shall the Recipient be entitled to extend a service for a period that is more than three (3) months after the end of the initial Service Period set forth in the applicable Schedule.
Section 5.02    Early Termination.
(a)    Without prejudice to Recipient’s rights with respect to Force Majeure, Recipient may from time to time terminate this Agreement with respect to the entirety of any Service (but not any portion thereof) (i) for any reason or no reason, upon the giving of at least fifteen (15) days’ prior written notice to Provider; provided, however, that such termination (x) may only be effective as of the last day of a calendar month and (y) shall be subject to the
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obligation to pay any applicable Termination Charges pursuant to Section 5.04, or (ii) if Provider has failed to perform any of its material obligations under this Agreement with respect to such Service, and such failure shall continue to be uncured by Provider for a period of at least thirty (30) days after receipt by Provider of written notice of such failure from Recipient; provided, however, that (i) such termination may only be effective as of the last day of a month and (ii) Recipient shall not be entitled to terminate this Agreement with respect to the applicable Service if, as of the end of such period, there remains a good-faith Dispute between the Parties (undertaken in accordance with the terms of Section 7.16) as to whether Provider has cured the applicable breach.
(b)    Provider may terminate this Agreement with respect to the entirety or portion of any Service at any time upon prior written notice to Recipient, if Recipient has failed to perform any of its material obligations under this Agreement with respect to such Service, including making payment of Charges for such Service when due, and such failure shall continue to be uncured by Recipient for a period of at least thirty (30) days after receipt by Recipient of a written notice of such failure from Provider; provided, however, that Provider shall not be entitled to terminate this Agreement with respect to the applicable Service if, as of the end of such period, there remains a good-faith Dispute between the Parties (undertaken in accordance with the terms of Section 7.16) as to whether Recipient has cured the applicable breach.
(c)    Parent may terminate this Agreement with respect to all Services provided by Parent if there is a SpinCo Change of Control.
(d)    The Schedules hereto shall be updated to reflect any terminated Service.
Section 5.03    Interdependencies. The Parties acknowledge and agree that (a) there may be interdependencies among the Services being provided under this Agreement; (b) upon the request of either Party, the Parties shall cooperate and act in good faith to determine whether (i) any such interdependencies exist with respect to the particular Service that Recipient is seeking to terminate pursuant to Section 5.02, and (ii) in the case of such termination, Provider’s ability to provide a particular Service in accordance with this Agreement would be materially and adversely affected by such termination of another Service; and (c) in the event that the Parties have determined that such interdependencies exist and such termination would materially and adversely affect Provider’s ability to provide a particular Service in accordance with this Agreement, the Parties shall (i) negotiate in good faith to amend the Schedules hereto with respect to such impacted Service prior to such termination, which amendment shall be consistent with the terms of comparable Services, and (ii) if after such negotiation, the Parties are unable to agree on such amendment, Provider’s obligation to provide such Service shall terminate automatically with such termination.
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Section 5.04    Effect of Termination. Upon the termination of any Service pursuant to this Agreement, Provider shall have no further obligation to provide the terminated Service, and Recipient shall have no obligation to pay any future Charges relating to such Service; provided, however, that Recipient shall remain obligated to Provider for (a) the Charges owed and payable in respect of Services provided prior to the effective date of termination for such Service and (b) any applicable Termination Charges (which Termination Charges shall be payable only in the event that Recipient terminates any Service pursuant to Section 5.02(a)(i)). In connection with the termination of any Service, the provisions of this Agreement not relating solely to such terminated Service shall survive any such termination, and in connection with a termination of this Agreement, Article I, this Article V, Article VII and Article VIII, all confidentiality obligations under this Agreement and Liability for all due and unpaid Charges and Termination Charges shall continue to survive indefinitely.
Section 5.05    Information Transmission. Provider, on behalf of itself and its Subsidiaries, shall use commercially reasonable efforts to provide or make available, or cause to be provided or made available, to Recipient, in accordance with Section 6.1 of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and to the extent permissible, any Information received or computed by Provider for the benefit of Recipient concerning the relevant Service during the Service Period as reasonably requested by Recipient; provided, however, that, except as otherwise agreed in writing by the Parties, (a) Provider shall not have any obligation to provide, or cause to be provided, Information in any nonstandard format, (b) Provider and its Subsidiaries shall be reimbursed for their reasonable costs in accordance with Section 6.3 of the Separation and Distribution Agreement for creating, gathering, copying, transporting and otherwise providing such Information and (c) Provider shall use commercially reasonable efforts to maintain any such Information in accordance with Section 6.4 of the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
ARTICLE VI
CONFIDENTIALITY; PROTECTIVE ARRANGEMENTS
Section 6.01    Parent and SpinCo Obligations. Subject to Section 6.04, until the five (5)-year anniversary of the date of the termination of this Agreement in its entirety, each of Parent and SpinCo, on behalf of itself and each of its Subsidiaries, agrees to hold, and to cause its respective Representatives to hold, in strict confidence, with at least the same degree of care that applies to Parent’s Confidential Information pursuant to policies in effect as of the Effective Time, all Confidential Information concerning the other Party or its Subsidiaries or their respective businesses that is either in its possession (including Confidential Information in its possession prior to the date hereof) or furnished by such other Party or such other Party’s Subsidiaries or their respective Representatives at any time pursuant to this Agreement, and shall not use any such Confidential Information other than for such purposes as may be expressly permitted hereunder, except, in each case, to the extent that such Confidential Information (a) is
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in the public domain or is generally available to the public, other than as a result of a disclosure by such Party or any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective Representatives in violation of this Agreement; (b) is lawfully acquired from other sources by such Party or any of its Subsidiaries, which sources are not themselves known by such Party or any of its Subsidiaries to be bound by a confidentiality obligation or other contractual, legal or fiduciary obligation of confidentiality with respect to such Confidential Information; or (c) is independently developed or generated without reference to or use of the Confidential Information of the other Party or any of its Subsidiaries. If any Confidential Information of a Party or any of its Subsidiaries is disclosed to the other Party or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with providing the Services, then such disclosed Confidential Information shall be used only as required to perform such Services.
Section 6.02    No Release; Return or Destruction. Each Party agrees (a) not to release or disclose, or permit to be released or disclosed, any Confidential Information of the other Party pursuant to Section 6.01 to any other Person, except its Representatives who need to know such Confidential Information in their capacities as such (who shall be advised of their obligations hereunder with respect to such Confidential Information) and except in compliance with Section 6.04, and (b) to use commercially reasonable efforts to maintain such Confidential Information in accordance with Section 6.4 of the Separation and Distribution Agreement. Without limiting the foregoing, when any such Confidential Information is no longer needed for the purposes contemplated by the Separation and Distribution Agreement, this Agreement or any other Ancillary Agreements, each Party will promptly after request of the other Party either return to the other Party all such Confidential Information in a tangible form (including all copies thereof and all notes, extracts or summaries based thereon) or notify the other Party in writing that it has destroyed such information (and such copies thereof and such notes, extracts or summaries based thereon); provided that the Parties may retain electronic back-up versions of such Confidential Information maintained on routine computer system back-up tapes, disks or other back-up storage devices; and provided, further, that any such retained back-up information shall remain subject to the confidentiality provisions of this Agreement.
Section 6.03    Privacy and Data Protection Laws. Each Party shall comply with all applicable state, federal and foreign privacy and data protection Laws that are or that may in the future be applicable to the provision of the Services under this Agreement.
Section 6.04    Protective Arrangements. In the event that a Party or any of its Subsidiaries either determines on the advice of its counsel that it is required to disclose any information pursuant to applicable Law or receives any request or demand under lawful process or from any Governmental Authority to disclose or provide information of the other Party (or any of its Subsidiaries) that is subject to the confidentiality provisions hereof, such Party shall notify the other Party (to the extent legally permitted) as promptly as practicable under the circumstances prior to disclosing or providing such information and shall cooperate, at the
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expense of the other Party, in seeking any appropriate protective order requested by the other Party. In the event that such other Party fails to receive such appropriate protective order in a timely manner and the Party receiving the request or demand reasonably determines that its failure to disclose or provide such information shall actually prejudice the Party receiving the request or demand, then the Party that received such request or demand may thereafter disclose or provide information to the extent required by such Law (as so advised by its counsel) or by lawful process or such Governmental Authority, and the disclosing Party shall promptly provide the other Party with a copy of the information so disclosed, in the same form and format so disclosed, together with a list of all Persons to whom such information was disclosed, in each case to the extent legally permitted.
ARTICLE VII
LIMITED LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATION
Section 7.01    Limitations on Liability.
(a)    SUBJECT TO SECTION 7.02 AND EXCEPT FOR THE FAILURE TO PAY FOR SERVICES, THE TOTAL LIABILITIES OF EITHER PARTY AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES AND THEIR RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES, COLLECTIVELY, UNDER THIS AGREEMENT FOR ANY ACT OR FAILURE TO ACT IN CONNECTION HEREWITH (INCLUDING THE PERFORMANCE OR BREACH OF THIS AGREEMENT), OR FROM THE SALE, DELIVERY, PROVISION OR USE OF ANY SERVICES PROVIDED UNDER OR CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE AND STRICT LIABILITY) OR OTHERWISE, SHALL NOT EXCEED 100% OF THE AGGREGATE CHARGES PAID AND PAYABLE UNDER THIS AGREEMENT TO SUCH PARTY IN RESPECT OF SERVICES PROVIDED BY SUCH PARTY UNDER THIS AGREEMENT.
(b)    IN NO EVENT SHALL EITHER PARTY, ITS SUBSIDIARIES OR THEIR RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES BE LIABLE TO THE OTHER PARTY FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY, REMOTE, SPECULATIVE OR SIMILAR DAMAGES IN EXCESS OF COMPENSATORY DAMAGES OF THE OTHER PARTY IN CONNECTION WITH THE PERFORMANCE OF THIS AGREEMENT (OTHER THAN ANY SUCH LIABILITY WITH RESPECT TO A THIRD-PARTY CLAIM), AND EACH PARTY HEREBY WAIVES ON BEHALF OF ITSELF, ITS SUBSIDIARIES AND ITS REPRESENTATIVES ANY CLAIM FOR SUCH DAMAGES, WHETHER ARISING IN CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE.
(c)    The limitations in Section 7.01(a) and Section 7.01(b) shall not apply in respect of any Liability arising out of or in connection with (i) either Party’s Liability for
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breaches of confidentiality under Article V, (ii) the Parties’ respective obligations under Section 7.03 or (iii) the willful misconduct or fraud of or by the Party to be charged.
Section 7.02    Obligation to Re-Perform; Liabilities. In the event of any breach of this Agreement by Provider with respect to the provision of any Services (with respect to which Provider can reasonably be expected to re-perform in a commercially reasonable manner), Provider shall, at the request of Recipient, promptly correct in all material respects such error, defect or breach or re-perform in all material respects such Services at the sole cost and expense of Provider. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the remedy set forth in this Section 7.02 shall be the sole and exclusive remedy of Recipient for any such breach of this Agreement; provided, however, that the foregoing shall not prohibit Recipient from exercising its right to terminate this Agreement in accordance with the provisions of Section 5.02(a) or to seek specific performance in accordance with Section 8.17. Any request for re-performance in accordance with this Section 7.02 by Recipient must be in writing and specify in reasonable detail the particular error, defect or breach, and such request must be made no more than one month from the later of (a) the date on which such breach occurred and (b) the date on which such breach was reasonably discovered by Recipient.
Section 7.03    Third-Party Claims. In addition to (but not in duplication of) its other indemnification obligations (if any) under the Separation and Distribution Agreement, this Agreement or any other Ancillary Agreement, Recipient shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless Provider, its Subsidiaries and each of their respective Representatives, and each of the successors and assigns of any of the foregoing (collectively, the “Provider Indemnitees”), from and against any and all claims of Third Parties relating to, arising out of or resulting from Recipient’s use or receipt of the Services provided by Provider hereunder, other than Third-Party Claims to the extent arising out of the gross negligence, willful misconduct or fraud of any Provider Indemnitee.
Section 7.04    Provider Indemnity. Subject to the limitations in Section 7.01(a) and Section 7.01(b), in addition to (but not in duplication of) its other indemnification obligations (if any) under the Separation and Distribution Agreement, this Agreement or any other Ancillary Agreement, Provider shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless Recipient and its Subsidiaries, and each of the successors and assigns of any of the foregoing (collectively, the “Recipient Indemnitees”), from and against any and all Liabilities to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the sale, delivery or provision of any Services provided by Provider hereunder, but only to the extent that such Liability relates to, arises out of or results from Provider’s gross negligence, bad faith, willful misconduct or fraud with respect to the sale, delivery or provision of any Services provided by Provider hereunder.
Section 7.05    Recipient Indemnity. Subject to the limitations in Section 7.01(a) and Section 7.01(b), in addition to (but not in duplication of) its other indemnification obligations (if
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any) under the Separation and Distribution Agreement, this Agreement or any other Ancillary Agreement, Recipient shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless Provider Indemnitees, from and against any and all Liabilities to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the sale, delivery or provision of any Services provided by Provider hereunder, but only to the extent that such Liability relates to, arises out of or results from Recipient’s gross negligence, bad faith, willful misconduct or fraud with respect to the sale, delivery or provision of any Services provided by Provider hereunder.
Section 7.06    Indemnification Procedures. The procedures for indemnification set forth in Sections 4.5, 4.6 and 4.7 of the Separation and Distribution Agreement shall govern claims for indemnification under this Agreement.
ARTICLE VIII
MISCELLANEOUS
Section 8.01    Mutual Cooperation. Each Party shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, cooperate with the other Party and its Subsidiaries in connection with the performance of the Services hereunder; provided, however, that such cooperation shall not unreasonably disrupt the normal operations of such Party or its Subsidiaries; and, provided, further, that this Section 8.01 shall not require such Party to incur any out-of-pocket costs or expenses, unless and except as expressly provided in this Agreement or otherwise agreed in writing by the Parties.
Section 8.02    Further Assurances. Subject to the terms of this Agreement, each Party shall take, or cause to be taken, any and all reasonable actions, including the execution, acknowledgment, filing and delivery of any and all documents and instruments that any other Party may reasonably request in order to effect the intent and purpose of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby.
Section 8.03    Audit Assistance. Each of the Parties and their respective Subsidiaries are or may be subject to regulation and audit by a Governmental Authority (including a Taxing Authority), standards organizations, customers or other parties to contracts with such Parties or their respective Subsidiaries under applicable Law, standards or contract provisions. If a Governmental Authority, standards organization, customer or other party to a contract with a Party or its Subsidiary exercises its right to examine or audit such Party’s or its Subsidiary’s books, records, documents or accounting practices and procedures pursuant to such applicable Law, standards or contract provisions, and such examination or audit relates to the Services, then the other Party shall provide, at the sole cost and expense of the requesting Party, all assistance reasonably requested by the Party that is subject to the examination or audit in responding to such examination or audits or requests for Information, to the extent that such assistance or Information is within the reasonable control of the cooperating Party and is related to the Services.
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Section 8.04    Title to Intellectual Property. Except as expressly provided for under the terms of this Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement or the Intellectual Property License Agreement, Recipient acknowledges that it shall acquire no right, title or interest (including any license rights or rights of use) in any intellectual property that is owned or licensed by Provider, by reason of the provision of the Services hereunder. Recipient shall not remove or alter any copyright, trademark, confidentiality or other proprietary notices that appear on any intellectual property owned or licensed by Provider, and Recipient shall reproduce any such notices on any and all copies thereof. Recipient shall not attempt to decompile, translate, reverse engineer or make excessive copies of any intellectual property owned or licensed by Provider, and Recipient shall promptly notify Provider of any such attempt, regardless of whether by Recipient or any Third Party, of which Recipient becomes aware.
Section 8.05    Independent Contractors. The Parties each acknowledge and agree that they are separate entities, each of which has entered into this Agreement for independent business reasons. The relationships of the Parties hereunder are those of independent contractors and nothing contained herein shall be deemed to create a joint venture, partnership or any other relationship between the Parties. Employees performing Services hereunder do so on behalf of, under the direction of, and as employees of, Provider, and Recipient shall have no right, power or authority to direct such employees, unless otherwise specified with respect to a particular Service on the Schedules hereto.
Section 8.06    Counterparts; Entire Agreement; Corporate Power.
(a)    This Agreement may be executed in one (1) or more counterparts, all of which shall be considered one (1) and the same agreement, and shall become effective when one (1) or more counterparts have been signed by each of the Parties and delivered to the other Party.
(b)    This Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the other Ancillary Agreements and the Exhibits, Schedules and appendices hereto and thereto contain the entire agreement between the Parties with respect to the subject matter hereof, supersede all previous agreements, negotiations, discussions, writings, understandings, commitments and conversations with respect to such subject matter, and there are no agreements or understandings between the Parties other than those set forth or referred to herein or therein. This Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement, and the other Ancillary Agreements govern the arrangements in connection with the Separation and the Distribution and would not have been entered independently.
(c)    Parent represents on behalf of itself and, to the extent applicable, each of its Subsidiaries, and SpinCo represents on behalf of itself and, to the extent applicable, each of its Subsidiaries, as follows:
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(i)    each such Person has the requisite corporate or other power and authority and has taken all corporate or other action necessary in order to execute, deliver and perform this Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby; and
(ii)    this Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by it and constitutes a valid and binding agreement of it and is enforceable in accordance with the terms hereof.
(d)    Each Party acknowledges and agrees that delivery of an executed counterpart of a signature page to this Agreement (whether executed by manual, stamp or mechanical signature) by facsimile or by e-mail in portable document format (PDF) shall be effective as delivery of such executed counterpart of this Agreement. Each Party expressly adopts and confirms each such facsimile, stamp or mechanical signature (regardless of whether delivered in person, by mail, by courier, by facsimile or by e-mail in portable document format (PDF)) made in its respective name as if it were a manual signature delivered in person, agrees that it will not assert that any such signature or delivery is not adequate to bind such Party to the same extent as if it were signed manually and delivered in person and agrees that, at the reasonable request of the other Party at any time, it will as promptly as reasonably practicable cause this Agreement to be manually executed (any such execution to be as of the date of the initial date thereof) and delivered in person, by mail or by courier.
Section 8.07    Governing Law. This Agreement (and any claims or disputes arising out of or related hereto or to the transactions contemplated hereby or to the inducement of any Party to enter herein, whether for breach of contract, tortious conduct or otherwise and whether predicated on common law, statute or otherwise) shall be governed by and construed and interpreted in accordance with the Laws of the State of Delaware, irrespective of the choice of Laws principles of the State of Delaware, including all matters of validity, construction, effect, enforceability, performance and remedies.
Section 8.08    Assignability. This Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the Parties and their respective successors and permitted assigns; provided, however, that neither Party may assign its rights or delegate its obligations under this Agreement without the express prior written consent of the other Party. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no such consent shall be required for the assignment of a Party’s rights and obligations under the Separation and Distribution Agreement, this Agreement and the other Ancillary Agreements in whole (i.e., the assignment of a Party’s rights and obligations under the Separation and Distribution Agreement, this Agreement and all of the other Ancillary Agreements all at the same time) in connection with a merger, consolidation or other business combination of a Party with or into any other Person or a sale of all or substantially all of the assets of a Party to another Person, in each case so long as the resulting, surviving or acquiring Person assumes all of the obligations of the relevant Party by operation of Law or pursuant to an agreement in form and
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substance reasonably satisfactory to the other Party; provided, further, that, in connection with the acquisition by a purchaser of all or a significant portion of a business unit of Parent or its Affiliates, whether such acquisition is effected by a share purchase or sale of assets, Parent may assign its rights and obligations, in whole or in part, under this Agreement to such purchaser upon the consummation of such acquisition.
Section 8.09.    Third-Party Beneficiaries. Except as provided in Article VII with respect to the Provider Indemnitees and the Recipient Indemnitees in their respective capacities as such, (a) the provisions of this Agreement are solely for the benefit of the Parties and are not intended to confer upon any other Person except the Parties any rights or remedies hereunder; and (b) there are no other third-party beneficiaries of this Agreement and this Agreement shall not provide any other Third Party with any remedy, claim, Liability, reimbursement, claim of action or other right.
Section 8.09    Notices. All notices, requests, claims, demands or other communications under this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be given or made (and except as provided herein shall be deemed to have been duly given or made upon receipt) by delivery in person, by overnight courier service, by certified mail, return receipt requested, by facsimile, or by electronic mail (“e-mail”), so long as confirmation of receipt of such e-mail is requested and received, to the respective Parties at the following addresses (or at such other address for a Party as shall be specified in a notice given in accordance with this Section 8.10):
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If to Parent, to:
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Five American Lane
Greenwich, CT 06831
Attention:Deputy Chief Financial Officer, Ravi Tulsyan
E-mail:ravi.tulsyan@xpo.com
with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
51 West 52nd Street
New York, NY 10019
Attention:Adam O. Emmerich, Esq.
Viktor Sapezhnikov, Esq.
E-mail:AOEmmerich@wlrk.com
VSapezhnikov@wlrk.com
If to SpinCo, to:
GXO Logistics, Inc.
Two American Lane
Greenwich, CT 06831
Attention:Chief Legal Officer, Karlis Kirsis
E-mail:Karlis.Kirsis@gxo.com
with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
51 West 52nd Street
New York, NY 10019
Attention:Adam O. Emmerich, Esq.
Viktor Sapezhnikov, Esq.
E-mail:AOEmmerich@wlrk.com
VSapezhnikov@wlrk.com
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Any Party may, by notice to the other Party, change the address to which such notices are to be given.
Section 8.10    Severability. If any provision of this Agreement or the application thereof to any Person or circumstance is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, void or unenforceable, the remaining provisions hereof, or the application of such provision to Persons or circumstances or in jurisdictions other than those as to which it has been held invalid or unenforceable, shall remain in full force and effect and shall in no way be affected, impaired or invalidated thereby. Upon such determination, the Parties shall negotiate in good faith in an effort to agree upon such a suitable and equitable provision to effect the original intent of the Parties.
Section 8.11    Force Majeure. No Party shall be deemed in default of this Agreement for any delay or failure to fulfill any obligation hereunder so long as and to the extent to which any delay or failure in the fulfillment of such obligations is prevented, frustrated, hindered or delayed as a consequence of circumstances of Force Majeure. Without limiting the termination rights contained in this Agreement, in the event of any such excused delay, the time for performance shall be extended for a period equal to the time lost by reason of the delay. A Party claiming the benefit of this provision shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after the occurrence of any such Force Majeure, (a) provide written notice to the other Party of the nature and extent of such Force Majeure; and (b) use commercially reasonable efforts to remove any such causes and resume performance under this Agreement as soon as reasonably practicable (and in no event later than the date that the affected Party resumes analogous performance under any other agreement for itself, its Affiliates or any Third Party), unless this Agreement has previously been terminated under Article V or this Section 8.12. Recipient shall be (i) relieved of the obligation to pay Charges for the affected Service(s) throughout the duration of such Force Majeure and (ii) entitled to permanently terminate such Service(s) if the delay or failure in providing such Services because of a Force Majeure shall continue to exist for more than thirty (30) consecutive days (it being understood that Recipient shall not be required to provide any advance notice of such termination to Provider).
Section 8.12    Headings. The Article, Section and Paragraph headings contained in this Agreement are for reference purposes only and shall not affect in any way the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement.
Section 8.13    Survival of Covenants. Except as expressly set forth in this Agreement, the covenants, representations and warranties and other agreements contained in this Agreement, and Liability for the breach of any obligations contained herein, shall survive the Effective Time and shall remain in full force and effect thereafter.
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Section 8.14    Waivers of Default. Waiver by any Party of any default by the other Party of any provision of this Agreement shall not be deemed a waiver by the waiving Party of any subsequent or other default, nor shall it prejudice the rights of the waiving Party. No failure or delay by any Party in exercising any right, power or privilege under this Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall a single or partial exercise thereof prejudice any other right or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right, power or privilege.
Section 8.15    Dispute Resolution.
(a)    In the event of any controversy, dispute or claim (a “Dispute”) arising out of or relating to any Party’s rights or obligations under this Agreement (whether arising in contract, tort or otherwise), calculation or allocation of the costs of any Service or otherwise arising out of or relating in any way to this Agreement (including the interpretation or validity of this Agreement), such Dispute shall be resolved by submitting such Dispute first to the relevant Contract Manager of each Party, and the Contract Managers shall seek to resolve such Dispute through informal good faith negotiation. In the event that the Contract Managers fail to meet or, if they meet and fail to resolve a Dispute within twenty (20) Business Days, then either Party may pursue the remedy set forth in Section 8.16(b).
(b)    If the procedures set forth in Section 8.16(a) have been followed with respect to a Dispute and such Dispute remains unresolved, such Dispute shall be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution process referred to in Article VII of the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
(c)    In any Dispute regarding the amount of a Charge or a Termination Charge, if such Dispute is finally resolved pursuant to the dispute resolution process set forth or referred to in Section 8.16(a) and (b) and it is determined that the Charge or the Termination Charge, as applicable, that Provider has invoiced Recipient, and that Recipient has paid to Provider, is greater or less than the amount that the Charge or the Termination Charge, as applicable, should have been, then (i) if it is determined that Recipient has overpaid the Charge or the Termination Charge, as applicable, Provider shall within ten (10) calendar days after such determination reimburse Recipient an amount of cash equal to such overpayment, plus the Interest Payment, accruing from the date of payment by Recipient to the time of reimbursement by Provider; and (ii) if it is determined that Recipient has underpaid the Charge or the Termination Charge, as applicable, Recipient shall within ten (10) calendar days after such determination reimburse Provider an amount of cash equal to such underpayment, plus the Interest Payment, accruing from the date such payment originally should have been made by Recipient to the time of payment by Recipient.
Section 8.16    Specific Performance. Subject to Section 8.16, the Parties agree that if any of the provisions of this Agreement were not to be performed or threatened not to be
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performed as required by their specific terms or were to be otherwise breached, irreparable damage will occur, no adequate remedy at law would exist and damages would be difficult to determine, and that each Party shall be entitled to an injunction or injunctions to prevent breaches or threatened breaches, and to specific performance of the terms, of this Agreement, in addition to any other remedy at law or equity. Any requirements for the securing or posting of any bond with such remedy are hereby waived by each of the Parties. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, Provider shall continue to provide Services and the Parties shall honor all other commitments under this Agreement during the course of dispute resolution pursuant to the provisions of Section 8.16 and this Section 8.17 with respect to all matters not subject to such Dispute; provided, however, that this obligation shall only exist during the term of this Agreement.
Section 8.17    Amendments. This Agreement may not be modified or amended except by an instrument in writing signed on behalf of each of the Parties. By an instrument in writing, Purchaser, on the one hand, or Parent, on the other hand, may waive compliance by the other with any term or provision of this Agreement that the other Party or Parties was or is obligated to comply with or perform. Such waiver or failure to insist on strict compliance with such term or provision shall not operate as a waiver of, or estoppel with respect to, any subsequent or other failure of compliance.
Section 8.18    Precedence of Schedules. Each Schedule attached to or referenced in this Agreement is hereby incorporated into and shall form a part of this Agreement; provided, however, that the terms contained in such Schedule shall only apply with respect to the Services provided under that Schedule. In the event of a conflict between the terms contained in an individual Schedule and the terms in the body of this Agreement, the terms in the Schedule shall take precedence with respect to the Services under such Schedule only. No terms contained in individual Schedules shall otherwise modify the terms of this Agreement.
Section 8.19    Interpretation. In this Agreement, (a) words in the singular shall be deemed to include the plural and vice versa and words of one gender shall be deemed to include the other genders as the context requires; (b) the terms “hereof,” “herein” and “herewith” and words of similar import shall, unless otherwise stated, be construed to refer to this Agreement as a whole (including all of the Schedules, Annexes and Exhibits hereto) and not to any particular provision of this Agreement; (c) Article, Section, Exhibit, Annex and Schedule references are to the Articles, Sections, Exhibits, Annexes and Schedules to this Agreement, unless otherwise specified; (d) unless otherwise stated, all references to any agreement shall be deemed to include the exhibits, schedules and annexes to such agreement; (e) the word “including” and words of similar import when used in this Agreement shall mean “including, without limitation,” unless otherwise specified; (f) the word “or” need not be exclusive; (g) unless otherwise specified in a particular case, the word “days” refers to calendar days; (h) references to “business day” shall
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mean any day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or a day on which banking institutions are generally authorized or required by Law to close in New York, New York; (i) references herein to this Agreement or any other agreement contemplated herein shall be deemed to refer to this Agreement or such other agreement as of the date on which it is executed and as it may be amended, modified or supplemented thereafter, unless otherwise specified; and (j) unless expressly stated to the contrary in this Agreement, all references to “the date hereof,” “the date of this Agreement” and “hereby” and words of similar import shall all be references to August 1, 2021.
Section 8.20    Mutual Drafting. This Agreement shall be deemed to be the joint work product of the Parties and any rule of construction that a document shall be interpreted or construed against a drafter of such document shall not be applicable to this Agreement.
[Remainder of page intentionally left blank]
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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have caused this Agreement to be executed by their duly authorized representatives as of the date first written above.
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
By:/s/ Ravi Tulsyan
Name: Ravi Tulsyan
Title: Deputy Chief Financial Officer & Treasurer
GXO LOGISTICS, INC.
By:/s/ Karlis P. Kirsis
Name: Karlis P. Kirsis
Title: Chief Legal Officer
[Signature Page to Transition Services Agreement]
Document
Exhibit 10.2


TAX MATTERS AGREEMENT
BY AND BETWEEN
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
AND
GXO LOGISTICS, INC.
DATED AS OF August 1, 2021



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Section 1.    Definition of Terms
1
Section 2.    Allocation of Tax Liabilities
11
Section 2.01    General Rule.
11
Section 2.02    Allocation of Federal Income Tax and Federal Other Tax
11
Section 2.03    Allocation of State Income and State Other Taxes
12
Section 2.04    Allocation of Foreign Taxes
12
Section 2.05    Certain Transaction and Other Taxes
13
Section 3.    Proration of Taxes for Straddle Periods
14
Section 4.    Preparation and Filing of Tax Returns.
15
Section 4.01    General
15
Section 4.02    XPO’s Responsibility
15
Section 4.03    SpinCo’s Responsibility
15
Section 4.04    Reserved
15
Section 4.05    Tax Accounting Practices
15
Section 4.06    Consolidated or Combined Tax Returns
16
Section 4.07    Right to Review Tax Returns
17
Section 4.08    SpinCo Carrybacks and Claims for Refund
18
Section 4.09    Apportionment of Earnings and Profits and Other Tax Attributes
18
Section 4.10    Gain Recognition Agreements
19
Section 5.    Tax Payments
19
Section 5.01    Payment of Taxes with Respect Tax Returns
19
Section 5.02    Indemnification Payments
19
Section 6.    Tax Benefits
20
    


Section 6.01     Tax Benefits
20
Section 6.02    XPO and SpinCo Income Tax Deductions in Respect of Certain Equity Awards and Incentive Compensation
21
Section 7.    Tax-Free Status
22
Section 7.01    Representations
22
Section 7.02    Restrictions on SpinCo
23
Section 7.03    Restrictions on XPO
25
Section 7.04    Procedures Regarding Opinions and Rulings
25
Section 7.05    Liability for Tax-Related Losses
26
Section 7.06    Section 336(e) Election
29
Section 7.07    Certain Assumptions
29
Section 8.    Assistance and Cooperation
29
Section 8.01    Assistance and Cooperation
29
Section 8.02    Income Tax Return Information
30
Section 8.03    Reliance by XPO
30
Section 8.04    Reliance by SpinCo
31
Section 9.    Tax Records
31
Section 9.01    Retention of Tax Records
31
Section 9.02    Access to Tax Records
31
Section 10.    Tax Contests
32
Section 10.01    Notice
32
Section 10.02    Control of Tax Contests
32
Section 11.    Effective Date; Termination of Prior Intercompany Tax Allocation Agreements
34
Section 12.    Survival of Obligations
34
Section 13.    Treatment of Payments; Tax Gross Up
34
    


Section 13.01    Treatment of Tax Indemnity and Tax Benefit Payments
34
Section 13.02    Tax Gross Up
35
Section 13.03    Interest
35
Section 14.    Disagreements
35
Section 15.    Late Payments
35
Section 16.    Expenses
36
Section 17.    General Provisions
36
Section 17.01    Addresses and Notices
36
Section 17.02    Binding Effect
37
Section 17.03    Waiver
37
Section 17.04    Severability
37
Section 17.05    Authority
38
Section 17.06    Further Action
38
Section 17.07    Integration
38
Section 17.08    Construction
38
Section 17.09    No Double Recovery
38
Section 17.10    Counterparts
39
Section 17.11    Governing Law
39
Section 17.12    Amendment
39
Section 17.13    SpinCo Subsidiaries
39
Section 17.14    Successors
39
Section 17.15    Specific Performance
40
Section 17.16    Survival of Covenants
40
    


TAX MATTERS AGREEMENT
This TAX MATTERS AGREEMENT, dated as of August 1, 2021 (this “Agreement”), is by and between XPO Logistics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“XPO”), and GXO Logistics, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of XPO (“SpinCo”) (collectively, the “Companies” and each a “Company”).
R E C I T A L S
WHEREAS, XPO and SpinCo have entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of August 1, 2021 (the “Separation and Distribution Agreement”), providing for (i) the separation of the SpinCo Group from the XPO Group (the “Separation”) and, following the Separation, (i) the distribution, on a pro rata basis, to holders of XPO Shares on the Record Date of all the outstanding SpinCo Shares (the “Distribution”);
WHEREAS, pursuant to the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, among other things, XPO has taken or will take the following actions: (a) (i) contribute the SpinCo Assets to SpinCo and cause SpinCo to assume the SpinCo Liabilities, in actual or constructive exchange for (A) the issuance by SpinCo to XPO of SpinCo Shares and (B) the transfer by SpinCo to XPO of cash, including some or all of the proceeds of the SpinCo Financing Arrangements (the “SpinCo Cash Proceeds” and such contribution, the “Contribution”) and (ii) transfer the SpinCo Cash Proceeds to one or more third-party creditors of XPO (the “XPO Debt Repayment”) in connection with the Plan of Reorganization; and (b) effect the Distribution;
WHEREAS, for Federal Income Tax purposes, it is intended that each of the Internal Distribution and the Distribution (together with the Contribution) shall qualify as a transaction that is generally tax-free pursuant to Section 355(a) (or Sections 355(a) and 368(a)(1)(D)) of the Code;
WHEREAS, as of the date hereof, XPO is the common parent of an affiliated group (as defined in Section 1504 of the Code) of corporations, including SpinCo, which has elected to file consolidated Federal Income Tax Returns;
WHEREAS, as a result of the Distribution, SpinCo and its subsidiaries will cease to be members of the affiliated group of which XPO is the common parent (the “SpinCo Deconsolidation”);
WHEREAS, the Parties desire to provide for and agree upon the allocation between the Parties of liabilities for Taxes arising prior to, as a result of, and subsequent to the Distribution, and to provide for and agree upon other matters relating to Taxes;
NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements contained herein, the Parties hereby agree as follows:
Section 1.    Definition of Terms. For purposes of this Agreement (including the recitals hereof), the following terms have the following meanings, and capitalized terms



used but not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning ascribed to them in the Separation and Distribution Agreement:
Adjustment Request” shall mean any formal or informal claim or request filed with any Tax Authority, or with any administrative agency or court, for the adjustment, refund, or credit of Taxes, including (a) any amended Tax Return claiming adjustment to the Taxes as reported on the Tax Return or, if applicable, as previously adjusted, (b) any claim for equitable recoupment or other offset, and (c) any claim for refund or credit of Taxes previously paid.
Agreement” shall mean this Tax Matters Agreement.
Capital Stock” shall mean all classes or series of capital stock, including (a) common stock, (b) all options, warrants and other rights to acquire such capital stock and (c) all instruments properly treated as stock for Federal Income Tax purposes.
Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
Companies” and “Company” shall have the meaning provided in the first sentence of this Agreement.
Compensatory Equity Interests” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 6.02(a).
Contribution” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Debt Reallocation” shall mean (a) any actual or deemed assumption of XPO debt by SpinCo in connection with the Contribution, (b) the receipt by XPO of the SpinCo Cash Proceeds, and (c) the XPO Debt Repayment.
Deconsolidation Date” shall mean the last day on which SpinCo qualifies as a member of the affiliated group (as defined in Section 1504 of the Code) of which XPO is the common parent.
DGCL” shall mean the Delaware General Corporation Law.
Distribution” shall have the meaning provided in the Recitals.
External Separation Transaction” shall mean each of (a) the Contribution and the Distribution and (b) the Debt Reallocation.
Federal Income Tax” shall mean any Tax imposed by Subtitle A of the Code, and any interest, penalties, additions to tax, or additional amounts in respect of the foregoing.
Federal Other Tax” shall mean any Tax imposed by the federal government of the United States other than any Federal Income Taxes, and any interest, penalties, additions to tax, or additional amounts in respect of the foregoing.
Fifty-Percent or Greater Interest” shall have the meaning ascribed to such term for purposes of Sections 355(d) and (e) of the Code.
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Final Determination” shall mean the final resolution of liability for any Tax, which resolution may be for a specific issue or adjustment or for a Tax Period, (a) by IRS Form 870 or 870-AD (or any successor forms thereto), on the date of acceptance by or on behalf of the taxpayer, or by a comparable form under the laws of a State, local, or foreign taxing jurisdiction, except that a Form 870 or 870-AD or comparable form shall not constitute a Final Determination to the extent that it reserves (whether by its terms or by operation of law) the right of the taxpayer to file a claim for refund or the right of the Tax Authority to assert a further deficiency in respect of such issue or adjustment or for such Tax Period (as the case may be); (b) by a decision, judgment, decree, or other order by a court of competent jurisdiction, which has become final and unappealable; (c) by a closing agreement or accepted offer in compromise under Sections 7121 or 7122 of the Code, or a comparable agreement under the laws of a State, local, or foreign taxing jurisdiction; (d) by any allowance of a refund or credit in respect of an overpayment of Income Tax or Other Tax, but only after the expiration of all Tax Periods during which such refund may be recovered (including by way of offset) by the jurisdiction imposing such Income Tax or Other Tax; or (e) by any other final disposition, including by reason of the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations or by mutual agreement of the Parties.
Foreign Income Tax” shall mean any Tax imposed by any foreign country or any possession of the United States, or by any political subdivision of any foreign country or United States possession, which is an income tax as defined in Treasury Regulations Section 1.901-2, and any interest, penalties, additions to tax, or additional amounts in respect of the foregoing.
Foreign Other Tax” shall mean any Tax imposed by any foreign country or any possession of the United States, or by any political subdivision of any foreign country or United States possession, other than any Foreign Income Taxes, and any interest, penalties, additions to tax, or additional amounts in respect of the foregoing.
Foreign Separations” shall mean the internal restructuring transactions intended to effect the separation of (a) the XPO Assets and XPO Liabilities from the SpinCo Assets and SpinCo Liabilities, and/or (b) the SpinCo Assets and SpinCo Liabilities from the XPO Assets and XPO Liabilities, in each case, held by certain subsidiaries of XPO organized in jurisdictions outside of the United States (including through the transfer of equity interests in any such subsidiary).
Foreign Tax” shall mean any Foreign Income Taxes or Foreign Other Taxes.
Foreign Tax-Free Status” shall mean, with respect to (a) each of the Foreign Separations, the qualification thereof for non-recognition of income or gain (or similar treatment) for Foreign Income Tax purposes under the laws of the relevant foreign jurisdiction and (b) any Foreign Separation that is covered by a Tax Opinion or other written guidance addressing the Foreign Tax treatment thereof, the qualification of such transaction for the Foreign Tax treatment set forth in such Tax Opinion or other written guidance.
Former SpinCo Group Employee” shall have the meaning set forth in the Employee Matters Agreement.
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Former XPO Group Employee” shall have the meaning set forth in the Employee Matters Agreement.
French Tax Combined Group Exit Agreement” refers to the exit agreement (convention de sortie d’intégration fiscale) to be entered into between one or more members of the SpinCo Group and one or more members of the XPO Group providing for the consequences of the exit of certain members of the XPO Group from the SpinCo French Combined Group.
Governmental Authority” shall have the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.
Group” shall mean the XPO Group or the SpinCo Group, as the context requires.
Income Tax” shall mean any Federal Income Tax, State Income Tax or Foreign Income Tax.
Internal Distribution” shall mean (a) the deemed contribution by XPO CNW, Inc. to XPO Logistics WW, LLC of SpinCo Assets and SpinCo Liabilities and (b) the distribution by CNW, Inc. to XPO of all membership interests in XPO Logistics WW, LLC in a transaction intended to qualify, for Federal Income Tax purposes, as a reorganization pursuant to Sections 355(a) and 368(a)(1)(D) of the Code.
IRS” shall mean the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.
Joint Adjustment” shall mean any proposed adjustment by a Tax Authority or claim for refund asserted in a Tax Contest that is not a SpinCo Adjustment or a XPO Adjustment.
Joint Return” shall mean any Return of a member of the XPO Group or the SpinCo Group that is not a Separate Return.
Notified Action” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.04(a).
Other Tax” shall mean any Federal Other Tax, State Other Tax, or Foreign Other Tax.
Parties” shall mean the parties to this Agreement.